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Metabolism of the Insecticide Permethrin

This study has been completed.
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
Information provided by:
University of California, Davis Identifier:
First received: December 11, 2007
Last updated: NA
Last verified: December 2007
History: No changes posted
Military personnel are exposed to the insecticide permethrin when using the DOD Insect Repellent System. A urinary metabolite of permethrin that is in high abundance and is relatively stable may be an ideal biomarker of exposure to this pesticide. Monitoring such a biomarker can prevent over-exposure. The objectives are to identify the most abundant human urinary metabolite following dermal exposure; to utilize this information to develop rapid laboratory-based and field portable methods to monitor the degree of an individual's exposure to permethrin.

Condition Intervention
Other: permethrin insecticide

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: CCRC:Identification and Development of Biological Markers of Human Exposure to the Insecticide Permethrin

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of California, Davis:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Concentration of individual metabolites in urine [ Time Frame: 192 hours ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • total carbon-14 in serum [ Time Frame: 192 hours ]
  • Total carbon-14 in saliva [ Time Frame: 192 hours ]
  • Total carbon-14 in urine samples [ Time Frame: 192 hours ]

Enrollment: 6
Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: November 2007
Intervention Details:
    Other: permethrin insecticide
    25 mg neat carbon-14 labelled permethrin applied dermally in isopropyl alcohol, once for 8 hours containing 1 microcurie of carbon-14
Detailed Description:
Permethrin is applied to the forearm of the subject and remains for 8 hours. The exposed area is then washed with soap and water several times. 24 hour urine samples are collected at daily intervals for 192 hours. Blood and saliva samples are taken at pre-dose, 1, 3, 6, 9 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144, 168 and 192 hours. Subjects must return to the clinic daily to drop off urine collections and have blood and saliva samples taken.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • self-report healthy adult men and premenopausal women

Exclusion Criteria:

  • unusual alcohol, drug, cigarette use for last 3 years
  • unusual exercise program for last 3 years
  • under the care of a physician for a disease
  • participated in any radioactive drug study
  • pregnant
  • lactating
  • people who rely more on their arm due to illness or injury
  • people with neurological or musculoskeletal diseases
  • use of permethrin in the last 6 months
  • people who apply pesticides as their primary occupation
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00572884

United States, California
CTSC Research Center
Mather, California, United States, 95655
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Davis
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
Principal Investigator: Bruce D Hammock, PhD University of California, Davis
  More Information

Responsible Party: Bruce D. Hammock, University of California Identifier: NCT00572884     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 200311123-8
P42ES004699 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: December 11, 2007
Last Updated: December 11, 2007

Keywords provided by University of California, Davis:
accelerator mass spectrometry
human exposure

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 21, 2017