Dose-Finding Study of WS6788A and LSN03-016011/A Enterotoxigenic E. Coli ETEC Challenge Strains That Express CS17
|Travelers' Diarrhea||Biological: CFA/I and CS17 challenge strain||Phase 1|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Screening
|Official Title:||Dose-Finding Study of WS6788A and LSN03-016011/A Enterotoxigenic E. Coli (ETEC) Challenge Strains That Express CS17|
- Development of diarrhea [ Time Frame: 120 hours after challenge ]
- Development of moderate to severe diarrhea [ Time Frame: 120 hours after challenge ]
|Actual Study Start Date:||September 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||June 13, 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 13, 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
CFA/I and CS17 challenge strain
Colonization factor antigen (CFA/I) and CS17 challenge strainAscending dose finding study in 5-10 subjects per dose; to identify the dose able to give a diarrheal attack rate greater than or equal to 80%.
Biological: CFA/I and CS17 challenge strain
Wild type ETEC strain expressing the colonization factor CS17, and heat labile (LT) enterotoxin
Other Name: Experimental
This is a phase 1, open-label, strain and dose-finding study designed to establish a human challenge model for CS17+ ETEC that causes > 80% attack rate without causing high output diarrhea. Based on the strain histories, testing will commence using LSN03-016011/A. This strain was isolated from a naïve adult U.S. citizen living in Turkey with a typical clinical presentation for ETEC diarrheal disease and no bacterial co-pathogens isolated from the stool. The host is representative of the study population for this study and for future efficacy studies with anti-CS17+ ETEC vaccines. As shown in the figure below, 5x108 cfu of ETEC strain (LSN03-016011/A) will initially be administered to 5 subjects. If an attack rate of >80% (at least 4/5 subjects) occurs with no high output diarrhea, results will be confirmed in an additional 10 subjects. Additionally, an inoculum at least ½ log lower (1x108) (depending on the severity of illness documented) may be administered to 10 subjects to characterize the dose-response relationship. If the 5x108 cfu inoculum does cause high output diarrhea, then the inoculum will be reduced appropriatelyIf the 5x108 cfu of LSN03-016011/A does not cause a > 80% attack rate, the next step will depend on the observed attack rate and severity of illness. A low attack rate with mild disease would prompt a change to the alternate strain (WS7688A) for testing, using the same pathway used with the LSN strain . An attack rate < 80% with most diarrhea classified as at least moderate diarrhea would prompt an upward adjustment of the LSN inoculum appropriate to the findings. The decision to move up or down in inoculum or to change CS17 + strains will only occur with the concurrence of the medical monitor. Following each step in the strain and dose finding iterations, a report summarizing the results of that step, and detailing the planned next step will be signed by the principal investigator and the medical monitor. The maximum dose of either strain is 1 X 109. The anticipated maximum number of subjects planned for this study is 25.
Subjects will be admitted to the inpatient facility on study day -1. On study day 0, subjects will have their morning meal, fast for 90 minutes, and then be given 120mL of sodium bicarbonate buffer to neutralize stomach acidity. Approximately one minute later they will ingest the appropriate dose and strain (either LSN03-016011/A or WS6788A ) of CS17+ ETEC diluted in 30mL sodium bicarbonate buffer. Doses of the challenge inoculum will be prepared by one of the study staff microbiologists. Treatment with antibiotics will start on study day 5, or earlier if criteria for early antibiotic treatment are fulfilled. Subjects will be discharged when they feel well and have 2 consecutive stool cultures negative for CS17+ ETEC.
For each group of 5 study subjects, the study period will include the screening period, one month for the inpatient and outpatient phases, and six-months for the final phone check. The study period, accounting for the serial scheduling of multiple groups of 5, processing immunology specimens, study analysis and report writing, is 1 ½ years.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00564577
|United States, Maryland|
|Center for Immunization Research - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205|
|General Clinical Research Center of the Johns Hopkins Hospital|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287|
|Principal Investigator:||Robin McKenzie, M.D.||Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health|