This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

Analyzing the Association of Gene Variants With Increased Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Women With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

This study has been completed.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pittsburgh Identifier:
First received: November 21, 2007
Last updated: March 20, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that predominantly affects younger premenopausal women. The risk of coronary heat disease (CHD) in women with SLE is up to 50 times higher than in the general population. The conventional risk factors are insufficient to explain this increased risk of CHD in SLE-affected women. This study will perform genetic analysis to determine if genetic variation in the F2 gene is associated with both SLE risk and CHD risk in women with SLE.

Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Prothrombin Gene Varitaion and Risk of SLE and CHD

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Rare and common variants of F2 that contribute to SLE risk and CHD risk in SLE [ Time Frame: Measured at Year 4 ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
DNA and serum

Enrollment: 1254
Study Start Date: May 2000
Study Completion Date: August 2007
SLE participants positive for both APA and CHD
Normal participants with a high titer of APA

Detailed Description:

SLE is a condition of chronic inflammation of the internal organs, caused by an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease is a disorder in which the body's immune system attacks its own tissues through production of abnormal antibodies in the blood. Current treatments for SLE focus on reducing inflammation and production of unusual antibodies. While the exact cause of SLE is unknown, genetics, drugs, viruses, and ultraviolent light are all possible contributors. Previous genetic studies have determined that antiphospholipid antibodies (APA) are present in 50% of people with SLE compared with only 1 to 5% in the general U.S. white population. These antibodies interfere with standard blood vessel function, resulting in blood clots and narrowing of vessels. The F2 gene codes for prothrombin, a precursor of thrombin, which is a key enzyme in blood clotting. Prothrombin can be detected by APA as an antigen, resulting in anti-F2 antibodies. Recent studies have reported the association of F2 genetic variants with non-fatal heart attack, further suggesting that the F2 gene and APA play a role in CHD. In addition to being a biological candidate gene for CHD, F2 is also a positional candidate gene for SLE, as it is close to a region of linkage for SLE on chromosome 11. This study will perform genetic analysis to determine if genetic variation in the F2 gene is associated with both SLE risk and CHD risk in women with SLE.

Using genetic analysis techniques, this study will examine previously collected case-control samples of serum DNA. Study researchers will resequence the entire F2 gene and then examine the role of sequence variations in relation to SLE and the risk of CHD in SLE patients. Researchers will identify rare and common variants of the F2 gene and further screen variants to determine gene-trait relations.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
The study population will include genetic samples from women with SLE and CHD and from normal control women. The population will be 80.5% U.S. white women and 19.5% U.S. black women.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of SLE

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00563082

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Principal Investigator: M. Ilyas Kamboh, PhD University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Pittsburgh Identifier: NCT00563082     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1393
R01HL088648 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
R01HL088648-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: November 21, 2007
Last Updated: March 20, 2014

Keywords provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases processed this record on September 21, 2017