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Postcoital Testing of the SILCS Diaphragm

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
CONRAD Identifier:
First received: November 19, 2007
Last updated: December 19, 2007
Last verified: December 2007

This was a Phase I multi-center, randomized study in 40 healthy, sexually active women not at risk for pregnancy due to previous female sterilization. The male partners of the participants were consented to participate in the study. The clinician evaluating the cervical mucus for midcycle characteristics and presence of sperm was blinded as to gel used. The product tested was the SILCS diaphragm with Gynol II (spermicide) and the SILCS diaphragm with KY Jelly (lubricant). The sequence of diaphragm and gel use was determined by randomization. The study was conducted at two centers, Magee-Womens Hospital in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and CONRAD's Clinical Research Center at the Eastern Virginia Medical School in Norfolk, Virginia.

The study consisted of a screening visit, a baseline cycle, and up to 2 cycles of post-coital tests (PCTs) for a total of 7 visits. The first PCT was a baseline PCT, performed without the use of any product, in order to demonstrate the subject's ability to produce receptive, midcycle cervical mucus. The partner's ability to produce motile sperm capable of penetrating the cervical mucus was evaluated in this cycle. Test PCTs were carried out during the second and third menstrual cycle using either the SILCS diaphragm with N-9 or the SILCS diaphragm with lubricant. Cycles were repeated depending on the characteristics of the cervical mucus and the number of sperm found in the vaginal pool and endocervical specimens; thus, some women may undergo more than three PCTs. An additional test cycle with a modified polymer spring device was performed in a subset of participants.

Colposcopy was performed during the mucus check and post-coital test visits in all three cycles in order to document the baseline condition of the vagina and cervix pre- and post-intercourse and, in test cycles, to note the effect of product.

Vaginal samples were taken from the posterior fornix of the vagina and the cervical os at each visit during the baseline and test cycles to measure for the presence of PSA.

Condition Intervention Phase
Contraceptive Device
Other: SILCS and lubricant
Other: SILCS and spermicide
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Postcoital Testing and Safety Study of the SILCS Diaphragm, Prototype VI

Further study details as provided by CONRAD:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of women with any sperm in the cervical mucus, with ≥ 5 progressively motile sperm per high power field (HPF), and the average number of progressively motile sperm per HPF. [ Time Frame: Within 2-3 hours of intercourse. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Symptoms and signs of irritation of the external genitalia, cervix, and vagina before and after intercourse and by gel product. The handling, fit, and general acceptability of the SILCS diaphragm was assessed. [ Time Frame: Before and after intercourse ]

Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: August 2003
Study Completion Date: October 2004
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: 1
SILCS with K-Y Jelly
Other: SILCS and lubricant
Active Comparator: 2
SILCS with N-9
Other: SILCS and spermicide


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Female Participants

    • 18-45 years old (inclusive)
    • In good general health based on medical history & physical exam
    • Previous bilateral tubal ligation or salpingectomy
    • Regular menstrual cycles of 24-35 days (inclusive)
    • Negative urine pregnancy test at admission
    • Not currently breast feeding
    • No significant gynecological abnormalities
    • Normal cervical Papanicolaou smear within 6 months preceding enrollment
    • In a stable relationship with only one sexual partner
    • Willing to undergo at least three PCTs
    • Willing to abstain from intercourse and use of vaginal products
    • Willing to use condoms from day 1 of each menstrual cycle until midcycle
  2. Male Participants

    • Age 18 years and older
    • Able and willing to provide written informed consent
    • Willing to engage in intercourse with and without condoms

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Female Participants

    • History in subject of allergy to study products
    • Positive wet mount for Trichomonas vaginalis
    • History of any STD within 6 months of enrollment
    • Device does not appropriately fit volunteer, as determined by clinician
    • Inability to insert, position, and/or remove study device
    • Participation in another study within 30 days prior to enrollment
  2. Male Participants

    • History of allergy to study products
    • History of vasectomy
    • In the six months prior to study, diagnosed with or treated for any STI
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00561613

United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
United States, Virginia
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23507
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: Jill Schwartz, MD CONRAD
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Jill Schwartz, MD/Project Leader, CONRAD Identifier: NCT00561613     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A02-081
Study First Received: November 19, 2007
Last Updated: December 19, 2007

Keywords provided by CONRAD:
postcoital test
nonoxynol-9 processed this record on March 28, 2017