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Radiation Therapy and Ammonium Tetrathiomolybdate in Treating Patients With Stage I, Stage II, or Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00560495
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : November 19, 2007
Last Update Posted : February 10, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Ammonium tetrathiomolybdate may stop the growth of non-small cell lung cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving ammonium tetrathiomolybdate together with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects of giving radiation therapy together with ammonium tetrathiomolybdate in treating patients with stage I, stage II, or stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: ammonium tetrathiomolybdate Other: immunoenzyme technique Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Radiation: Tc 99m sestamibi Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 1

Detailed Description:



  • To assess the acute toxicity of combining antiangiogenic copper reduction with ammonium tetrathiomolybdate (TM) and standard external-beam radiotherapy in patients with stage I-IIIB non-small cell lung cancer.


  • To measure changes in biological markers of angiogenesis (i.e., ELISA analysis of serum bFGF, VEGF, TGF-beta, IL-6, and IL-8) affected by TM or radiotherapy and an imaging technique (technetium 99m sestamibi) known to correlate with intratumoral angiogenesis.
  • To follow the late toxicity that exists when angiogenic inhibition with the copper reduction agent TM is combined with standard external-beam radiotherapy in these patients.
  • To collect tumor response, recurrence rate, and survival data on these patients.


  • Induction phase: Patients receive oral ammonium tetrathiomolybdate (TM) 4 times daily for up to 3 weeks.
  • Radiotherapy: Patients undergo radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for 6-7 weeks along with concurrent TM.
  • Maintenance phase: Patients continue to receive TM for a total of 1 year . Blood is collected periodically for analysis of laboratory outcomes by ELISA and technetium 99m sestamibi scans. Biomarkers may include VEGF, bFGF, TGF-beta, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-8.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed every 3 months for up to 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Combination of Radiotherapy With the Anti-Angiogenic Agent Tetrathiomolybdate (TM) in the Treatment of Stage I-IIIB Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): A Phase I Study
Study Start Date : May 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: ammonium tetrathiomolybdate
    4 times daily for up to 3 weeks
  • Other: immunoenzyme technique
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
  • Radiation: Tc 99m sestamibi
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
    once daily, 5 days a week, for 6-7 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Acute toxicity

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of markers of angiogenesis in serum (VEGF, bFGF, TGF-beta, IL-6, IL-8)
  2. Assessment of markers of angiogenesis on imaging (technetium 99m sestamibi) scans
  3. Late toxicity
  4. Collection of response, recurrence, and survival data [ Time Frame: every 3 months for up to 2 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) meeting the following criteria:

    • Squamous, large cell undifferentiated, or adenocarcinoma

      • Sputum cytology not acceptable evidence of cell type
      • Cytologic specimens obtained by brushing, washing, or needle aspiration of a defined lesion allowed
    • Stage I-IIIB disease
    • No evidence of distant metastases
  • Planning to receive definitive radiotherapy alone or post-operative radiotherapy (for gross residual disease or positive margin)
  • Medically inoperable disease or chemotherapy or surgery refused
  • Mediastinal lymph nodes must be evaluated by either mediastinoscopy or by PET scan, unless definitive CT-positive mediastinal disease is noted

    • If patient cannot tolerate mediastinoscopy and no PET is available, the technetium 99m sestamibi scan is allowed for assessment of the mediastinum
  • No stage IIIB disease with pleural effusions or stage IV disease
  • No small cell lung cancer or mixed small cell/non-small cell histology


  • SWOG performance status 0-2
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
  • WBC ≥ 3,000/mm³
  • ANC ≥ 1,200/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 80,000/mm³
  • Creatinine < 1.8 mg/dL
  • Prior malignancy allowed if disease free for ≥ 5 years

    • Nonmelanoma skin cancer allowed within 5 years
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No grade 3 hemoptysis (or hemoptysis not requiring transfusion, but where the radiation oncologist has concerns about a 3-week delay in treatment)
  • No pneumonia due to bronchial obstruction (or a high-grade bronchial obstruction where the radiation oncologist has concerns about a 3-week delay in treatment)
  • No transfusion dependence requiring > 2 units of packed RBCs every 2 weeks for more than 28 days
  • No medically serious acute or chronic medical condition that is unstable and/or requires intensive management


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Prior thoracic radiation allowed if the new lesion can be treated with absolutely no overlap of previous treatment fields
  • At least 3 weeks since prior surgery
  • No concurrent chemotherapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00560495

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United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263-0001
Sponsors and Collaborators
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Mohammad K. Khan, MD, PhD Roswell Park Cancer Institute
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Responsible Party: Roswell Park Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT00560495    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000574135
P30CA016056 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 19, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 10, 2012
Last Verified: February 2012
Keywords provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:
stage I non-small cell lung cancer
stage II non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
adenocarcinoma of the lung
adenosquamous cell lung cancer
large cell lung cancer
squamous cell lung cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi
Chelating Agents
Sequestering Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Enzyme Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents