A Phase 1-2, XIAP Antisense AEG35156 With Gemcitabine in Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00557596
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : November 14, 2007
Last Update Posted : December 1, 2009
Information provided by:
Aegera Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
This is an open-label multicenter, phase 1-2 study. Following determination of the recommended AEG35156 dose in combination with gemcitabine in the initial Phase 1 part of this study, additional patients will be enrolled in the Phase 2 part of the study to assess the activity of the combination first-line in advanced pancreatic cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Carcinoma Pancreas Drug: AEG35156 Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Apoptotic induction in cancer cells is a sought after therapeutic goal. Most successful anticancer agents activate apoptosis pathways in the cancers they treat. Apoptotic pathways in cells appear to converge on a single family of enzymes, the caspases, which are proteases that dismantle the cell in an orderly, non-inflammatory fashion, resulting in cell death. The X-linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis (XIAP) is the only known cellular inhibitor of caspases, its over expression thereby blocks the principal means of apoptosis. A wide range of evidence indicates that cellular overexpression of members of the IAP family is a fundamental means by which many cancer cells evade death, even in the presence of strong extrinsic (death receptor-mediated) and intrinsic (mitochondria-mediated) apoptotic cues. The inhibition of cellular XIAP activity, specifically in cancer cells under stress and primed for apoptosis by chemotherapeutic agents, is viewed as a powerful means of tipping the balance towards cell death. In particular, XIAP has been shown to be overexpressed in pancreatic cancer and to play an important role in gemcitabine resistance. AEG35156 is a second generation antisense which targets XIAP mRNA to lower XIAP levels and the apoptotic threshold of cancer cells, enhancing their sensitivity to intrinsic death and chemotherapy. AEG35156 may thus enhance the anticancer activity of gemcitabine in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1-2, Multicenter, Open-Label Study of The X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis (XIAP) Antisense AEG35156 Given in Combination With Gemcitabine in Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Cancer
Study Start Date : September 2007
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: AEG35156
    AEG35156 will be given as a 2-hour intravenous infusion once weekly, only on weeks when gemcitabine is administered, with a 2-hour loading dose given daily in the 2 days immediately prior to Day 1 (on Days -2 and -1) only in Cycle 1

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine the recommended dose of AEG35156 when used in combination with gemcitabine and the change in response rate of gemcitabine in patients [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine progression-free survival. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  2. To establish the pharmacokinetics of AEG35156 and gemcitabine when used in combination. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma who are candidates for first-line gemcitabine therapy
  • Karnofsky performance >70%
  • One or more metastatic tumors measurable by RECIST criteria on CT scan or MRI (Phase 2 part only)
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months
  • Age > 18 years
  • Signed, written IRB-approved informed consent
  • A negative serum pregnancy test (if applicable)
  • Acceptable liver function:
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 times the institution's upper limit of normal
  • AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT) and Alkaline phosphatase < 2.5 times the institution's upper limit of normal
  • Acceptable renal function:
  • Serum creatinine within normal limits, OR calculated creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Acceptable hematologic status:
  • Granulocyte > 1500 cells/uL
  • Platelet count > 100,000 plt/uL
  • Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL
  • Acceptable coagulation status:
  • PT within normal limits
  • PTT within normal limits
  • For women of child-producing potential, the use of effective contraceptive methods during the study
  • Prior radiotherapy for local disease is allowed provided disease progression has been documented, and treatment completed at least 4 weeks prior to registration

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer, except for 5-fluorouracil or gemcitabine given as a radiosensitizer
  • Active progressive brain metastases including the presence of any related symptoms or need for corticosteroids. A CT or MRI scan of the head is necessary in patients with a history of brain metastases to document the stability of prior lesions.
  • Known bleeding diathesis or concurrent treatment with anticoagulants except patients on non-therapeutic line maintenance coumadin
  • Pregnant or nursing women. NOTE: Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (sterile or surgically sterile; hormonal or barrier method of birth control; or abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Men who are unwilling to use acceptable forms of birth control when engaging in sexual contact with women of child bearing potential
  • Active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, requiring systemic therapy
  • Known infection with HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C
  • Serious nonmalignant disease that could compromise protocol objectives in the opinion of the investigator and/or the sponsor
  • Patients who are currently receiving any other investigational agent. Subjects who have used a previous antisense oligonucleotide in the last 90 days will be excluded
  • Unwillingness or inability to comply with procedures required in this protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00557596

United States, Arizona
Scottsdale Healthcare - SHEA
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85258
Mayo Clinic Arizona
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259
Arizona Cancer Center - University of Arizona
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85724
United States, Ohio
Gabrail Cancer Center
Canton, Ohio, United States, 44718
Sponsors and Collaborators
Aegera Therapeutics
Principal Investigator: Daniel D Von Hoff, MD, FACP TGen Clinical Research Services at Scottsdale Healthcare
Study Director: Jacques Jolivet, MD, FACP Aegera Therapeutics, Inc.

Responsible Party: Jacques Jolivet, MD, Senior VP Clinical, Aegera Therapeutics Inc Identifier: NCT00557596     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AEG35156-201
First Posted: November 14, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 1, 2009
Last Verified: November 2009

Keywords provided by Aegera Therapeutics:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs