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Combined Photodynamic and Pulsed Dye Laser Treatment of Port Wine Stains (PDT/PDL)

This study has been completed.
Beckman Laser Institute University of California Irvine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Center, University of California, Irvine Identifier:
First received: November 9, 2007
Last updated: February 8, 2017
Last verified: February 2017

This research study was designed to determine the effect on port wine stains (PWS) of liposomal benzoporphyrin derivative monoacid (BPD-MA) termed verteporfin by intravenous (IV) infusion for photodynamic therapy (PDT) or combined PDT and pulsed dye laser (PDL) therapy (PDT + PDL). The standard treatment for PWS is PDL alone. This lightens some PWS but many lesions are not completely removed.

PDT uses a medication and light together to cause injury to a target. The medication is given and then light is directed at the desired area of treatment to achieve an effect. PDT has been used to treat some skin conditions including pre-cancers and skin cancers. Using PDT or PDT immediately followed by PDL therapy may improve PWS lightening. At this time, both PDT and PDT + PDL therapy for treatment of PWS is investigational. The type and amount of medication and light which may be used to treat PWS is not known, and is likely to be different than those used for other PDT treatments.

Condition Intervention
Port Wine Stains
Drug: Combined Photodynamic & Pulsed Dye Laser Treatment

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combined Photodynamic and Pulsed Dye Laser Treatment of Port Wine Stains

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of California, Irvine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Blanching of Port Wine Stain Birthmark [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Enrollment: 17
Study Start Date: August 2005
Study Completion Date: October 2014
Primary Completion Date: October 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Combined Photodynamic & Pulsed Dye Laser Treatment
Treatment of Port Wine Stains
Drug: Combined Photodynamic & Pulsed Dye Laser Treatment
Treatment of Port Wine Stains using Combined Photodynamic and Pulsed Dye Laser

Detailed Description:

Procedures will be performed at the Surgery Laser Clinic at the Beckman Laser Institute at the University of California, Irvine.

At an initial visit, a brief history and physical will be performed.

The history will include: 1) previous treatment to my PWS; 2) current medications; 3) history of light sensitivity; 4) risk of pregnancy and use of birth control in a female of child-bearing age.

The physical will include: 1) measurement and evaluation of PWS; 2) measurement of blood pressure, blood cell count, general chemistries (including liver function tests) and ANA, which might indicate an increased sensitivity to light.

On the day of treatment, the same brief physical and history will be repeated. A urine pregnancy test will be performed on females of child-bearing age.

Four circular test sites of PWS will be selected. One test site will receive no treatment. The second test sites will be treated with the pulsed dye laser at standard setting and protective eyeglasses to shield the eyes during the laser treatment.

For two additional test spots, the photodynamic therapy (PDT) verteporfin will be administered intravenously over a 10-minute period. After receiving the verteporfin, the skin and eyes will be sensitive to light for the next 5 days. The light sensitive protection precautions will be instructed.

Optical Doppler Tomography unit (ODT) measurements, similar to shining a flash light to PWS and measuring the light response, which provide information about how blood is flowing through the PWS.

Photographs and light measurements will be taken during follow-up visits on day 1, day 3, and 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after the study treatment. At these visits blood may also be drawn to check for blood substances that promote blood vessel formation.

At the end of the study, blood tests will be drawn to assess cell count and general chemistries.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult 18 years and older
  • Have a PWS on an area other than the face
  • A negative pregnancy test and non pregnant or nursing

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Under 18 years of age
  • Have an allergy to verteporfin, porfimer sodium or other porphyrins
  • Have a history of porphyria (a disease that can cause sensitivity to light)
  • Have had treatment to the PWS test sites in the last 8 weeks
  • Have an active uncontrolled infection or other significant disease
  • Currently using medications that cause sensitivity to light such as tetracyclines, sulfonamides, phenothiazines, sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agents, thiazide diuretics and griseofulvin
  • Currently using medications that increase bleeding, including aspirin, coumadin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Have very dark skin which is sensitive to laser treatment
  • Have a positive ANA (lab tests which indicates sensitivity to light)
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00556946

United States, California
Beckman Laser Medical Clinic,University
Irvine, California, United States, 02612
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Irvine
Beckman Laser Institute University of California Irvine
Principal Investigator: Kristen Kelly, MD Beckman Laser Institute University of California Irvine
  More Information

Responsible Party: Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Center, Kristen Kelly, M.D., Professor of Dermatology and Surgery, University of California, Irvine Identifier: NCT00556946     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIH/LAMMP-2003-3286
Study First Received: November 9, 2007
Results First Received: February 5, 2016
Last Updated: February 8, 2017

Keywords provided by University of California, Irvine:
Vascular Malformation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Port-Wine Stain
Hemangioma, Capillary
Vascular Malformations
Skin Abnormalities
Congenital Abnormalities
Skin Diseases
Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Cardiovascular Diseases processed this record on April 27, 2017