Pediatric Kidney Transplant Study of Sirolimus, Mycophenolate Mofetil, and Corticosteroids vs Calcineurin Inhibitor Based Immunosuppression (CNI-W)
Damage and scarring of a transplanted kidney has become the most common cause of loss of the transplanted kidney. This kidney damage is a complex process caused by many factors including injury during obtaining and transplanting the kidney, injury from the immune system, injury from infections, and injury from drugs used to stop rejection. This injury leads to scars that decrease the kidney's ability to function properly, and over time the kidney is lost. Prograf® (tacrolimus) has been one of the main drugs used to prevent rejection. However, when used over time it has been shown to cause chronic damage and scarring in the transplanted kidney.
The purpose of this experimental study is to determine whether children can safely be withdrawn from Prograf® after transplantation and changed to Rapamycin® (sirolimus). Recent research studies in adult transplantation have demonstrated that with the use of Rapamycin® (sirolimus), it is possible to discontinue the use of Prograf (tacrolimus) with no increase in rejection, with decreased scarring in the kidney, and with improvements in kidney function and survival of the kidney. A total of 50 children will enroll in this study at university centers around the country. This study will last about 3 years.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Novel Pilot Trial of Sirolimus, Mycophenolate Mofetil, and Corticosteroids Versus a Historic Control Population Receiving Calcineurin Inhibitors Based Immunosuppression|
- This study has a primary endpoint of allograft function as determined by Schwartz GFR at 18 months after conversion to CNI free protocol (2 years post transplantation). [ Time Frame: 18 mos after conversion to CNI free protocol ]
- Secondary outcomes will include biopsy proven acute rejection episodes, progression of quantitative interstitial fibrosis as determined by Sirius Red staining and digital image analysis, Allograft survival and patient survival [ Time Frame: measured at 12 and 24 months post transplant ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
At 6 months post-transplantation, all patients will be administered Sirolimus at a dose of 1.65-2.79 mg/m2/day as a tablet or liquid (administered q 12 hours).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00555373
|United States, Alabama|
|Pediatric Nephrology of Alabama|
|Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35205|
|United States, California|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095|
|Stanford, California, United States, 94305|
|United States, Georgia|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States|
|Principal Investigator:||Mark Benfield, M.D.||Pediatric Nephrology of Alabama|