Alzheimer Patients and the Snoezelen Program
To determine the connection between Social Withdrawal and Sensory Deprivation in elderly clients with Alzheimer's Type Dementia (i.e. how providing sensory stimulation might reduce social withdrawal).
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Connection Between Sensory Deprivation and Social Withdrawal in Clients of a Long Term Care Facility Living With Alzheimer's Disease and the Effects of a Snoezelen Program.|
- To evaluate improvement of the residents who are given Snoezelen sessions. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: 1
Subject receives Snoezelen sessions once per week.
Other: Snoezelen Room
Session in a Snoezelen room once per week for 12 weeks
Active Comparator: 2
Subject receives Snoezelen sessions three times per week.
Other: Snoezelen Room
Session in a Snoezelen room three times per week for 12 weeks
Subject receives no sessions per week.
Receive no sessions in a Snoezelen Room.
The Snoezelen concept or program was originally thought up in Holland and comes from two Dutch words meaning to "sniff and doze". It was first introduced in the Netherlands in the 1970's. The first room was introduced in Snoezelen examines how a group of people react to an area that is private, relaxed and one that they trust. This program will bring out one's sense of taste, touch, smell, sight and hearing just by being in a specially designed room. Trust and relaxation will be looked at by those people with developmental disabilities (those that learn at a slower rate). Snoezelen originated with the belief that everyone needs nerve pulses (senses).
Inside a Snoezelen room you will find, dimmed lights, a relaxed atmosphere and pleasant surroundings, soothing sounds, intriguing aromas, tasty puddings, candies, interesting light effects (fiber optic light spray), comfortable seating, opportunities for interaction and engagement, sense of control over environment, tactile objects (awareness box), bubble tube, solar projector wheel, water fountain, massage pillow, massage tube, tranquility and solitude. The Snoezelen room is an environment in which the primary senses (see, hear, taste, touch) are stimulated all to create an environment that is both relaxing and stimulating. The benefits of Snoezelen change per person but may include some of the following:
- Increased resident and caregiver communication
- Increased awareness and understanding of the environment
The Snoezelen idea: client-controlled, safe comfortable atmosphere and freedom from pressure.
Sensory Deprivation (loss) The average person touches 300 different surfaces every 30 minutes. The average person with a profound disability will likely touch 1-5 surfaces in the same time frame.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00548951
|Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7K 3H6|
|Principal Investigator:||Roumen V. Milev, MD||Queen's University|