PET Imaging of Peripheral Benzodiazepine Receptors in Patients With Carotid Atherosclerosis
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00547976|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 23, 2007
Last Update Posted : April 27, 2012
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Atherosclerosis Healthy||Drug: [C-11]PBR28||Phase 1|
Inflammation in the vascular wall plays an important role in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, including development of plaque, plaque destabilization and rupture. Clinical and basic scientific data demonstrate the importance of peripheral white blood cells in this process. Therefore, a noninvasive method to detect inflammatory activity in atherosclerosis may be of great value to help determine prognosis, direct therapy and perhaps assess novel therapies for stabilization of atherosclerotic plaque.
The peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) is distinct from central benzodiazepine receptors associated with GABAA receptors and has been associated with immune function. PBR is expressed in macrophages, therefore, they may be a clinically useful marker to detect inflammation. Our preliminary autoradiographic data demonstrate specific PBR binding in carotid atherosclerosis samples. Though PBR has been imaged in vivo with positron emission tomography (PET) using [(11)C]1-(2-chlorophenyl-N-methylpropyl)-3-isoquinoline carboxamide (PK11195), we developed a new ligand, [(11)C]N-acetyl-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-2-phenoxy-5-pyridinamine (PBR28) that shows greater specific signal than [(11)C]PK11195 in non-human primates.
The objective of this protocol is to assess the utility of [(11)C]PBR28 PET to detect inflammation in unstable atherosclerosis plaques and large vessels with inflammation.
Twenty patients with carotid atherosclerosis, 20 patients with large vessel vasculitis including Takayasu's and Giant Cell arteritis, and 20 age-matched healthy subjects will have one PET scan.
A [(11)C]PBR28 PET scan and a [18 F] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET scan will be performed in patients with carotid atherosclerosis. If the patient has endarterectomy after the PET scan, endarterectomy samples will be evaluated by in vitro autoradiography using [3H]PK 11195 and immunohistological staining with macrophage markers. Patients with large vessel vasculitis and healthy subjects will also have a [(11)C]PBR28 PET scan [18 F]FDG PET scan.
Binding of [(11)C]PBR28 in atherosclerotic lesions, aortic arch and its branches will be compared with the binding in the contralateral carotid artery and those in healthy subjects. Binding of [(11)C]PBR28 will also be compared with accumulation of [18 F]FDG in each region. In addition, if the patients with atherosclerosis have endarterectomy, the binding in the atherosclerotic lesions will be compared with immunohistological staining of macrophage markers.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||5 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||PET Imaging of Peripheral Benzodiazepine Receptors in Patients With Carotid Atherosclerosis|
|Study Start Date :||October 2007|
|Primary Completion Date :||August 2009|
|Study Completion Date :||August 2009|
- Binding of [11C]PBR28 at peripheral benzodiazepine receptor [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
- PET [F-18]FDG uptake [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00547976
|United States, Maryland|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20814|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|