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A Phase III Trial of Lorenzo's Oil in Adrenomyeloneuropathy

This study has been terminated.
(Upon recommendation of DSMB)
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Identifier:
First received: October 16, 2007
Last updated: March 1, 2012
Last verified: October 2007
Study of the use of Lorenzo's oil in adults with adrenomyeloneuropathy, the adult form of Lorenzo's oil.

Condition Intervention Phase
Adrenomyeloneuropathy Adrenoleukodystrophy Drug: Lorenzo's oil Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Trial of Lorenzo's Oil in Adrenomyeloneuropathy

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical Progression of the disorder [ Time Frame: 48 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine the degree to which newly developed methods to assess spinal cord function and structure in adrenomyeloneuropathy, namely quantitative sensorimotor tests and spinal cord imaging, can act as early surrogate markers of disease progression.

Estimated Enrollment: 240
Study Start Date: March 2005
Study Completion Date: October 2007
Primary Completion Date: October 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Lorenzo's oil
    4:1 glyceryl trioleate-glyceryl trierucate (Lorenzo's oil)given orally, daily as approximately 10% of nutritional calories with supplementation.
Detailed Description:

This is a double-masked placebo controlled study of glyceryl trioleate-glyceryl trierucate (Lorenzo's Oil (LO)) therapy in adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN), the adult form of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD). AMN is a slowly progressive distal axonopathy that involves the long tracts of the spinal cord and differs from the rapidly progressive inflammatory cerebral forms that most commonly affect boys and adolescents. All forms of X-ALD are associated with the abnormal accumulation of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) in plasma and tissues. The oral administration of LO normalizes plasma VLCFA levels within 4 weeks. While previous therapeutic trials of LO therapy in patients with the cerebral forms of X-ALD have been disappointing, recent studies suggest that it is beneficial in two types of X-ALD: 1) as a preventive of neurological involvement in asymptomatic boys; and 2) in AMN, where it appears to slow the rate of progression. None of the previous studies have been controlled, and we are now conducting the first placebo-controlled trial.

The 4-year study will include 120 men with AMN who do not have evidence of cerebral involvement, and 120 women who are heterozygous for X-ALD and have an AMN-like syndrome. The rate of progression will be compared in the LO and placebo groups using the Kurtzke EDSS score as the primary outcome and a variety of secondary outcomes.

Adrenomyeloneuropathy affects about 1 in 40,000 men and 1 in 30,000 women. It is a progressive disorder that leads to inability to walk and other severe deficits. This study will provide definitive information whether Lorenzo's Oil therapy can slow progression.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females age 18 years or older in whom the diagnosis of X-ALD has been confirmed by VLCFA assay and/or mutation analysis.
  • Clinical evidence of spinal cord involvement with EDSS score between 1 and 6.5. Patients with an EDSS score of 6.5 are severely affected but have retained the capacity to walk 20 meters with the aid of a walker, crutch, or two canes.
  • Either a normal brain MRI, or a type 3 pattern of MRI abnormality in which the abnormality is considered to represent the centripetal extension of the distal axonopathy.
  • Adrenal function assessed by measurement of plasma ACTH and appropriate steroid replacement if adrenal insufficiency is present.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Kurtzke EDSS score of >6.5.
  • Cognitive or behavioral abnormalities that impair capacity to give informed consent or carry out procedures that form part of the protocol.
  • Current use, or use within 3 months, of Lorenzo's oil or other therapies that may alter the course of X-ALD. Bone marrow transplant will be a permanent exclusion criterion.
  • Contraindications for MRI procedure such as subjects with paramagnetic materials in the body, such as aneurysm clips, pacemakers, intraocular metal or cochlear implants.
  • Subjects who are pregnant.
  • Allergies to peppermint
  • Presence of non-specific conditions that may interfere with clinical assessment or participation in the protocol.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00545597

United States, Maryland
Kennedy Krieger Institute
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Principal Investigator: Gerald V Raymond, M.D. Hugo W. Moser Research Institute at Kennedy Krieger, Inc.
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Identifier: NCT00545597     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01HD039276 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
R01FD003030 ( U.S. FDA Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: October 16, 2007
Last Updated: March 1, 2012

Keywords provided by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD):

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Hereditary Central Nervous System Demyelinating Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Mental Retardation, X-Linked
Intellectual Disability
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Peroxisomal Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Adrenal Insufficiency
Adrenal Gland Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases processed this record on September 21, 2017