High-Dose Chemotherapy in Treating Patients Undergoing Stem Cell Transplant for Recurrent or Refractory Hodgkin's Lymphoma
RATIONALE: Giving high-dose chemotherapy before a peripheral blood stem cell transplant stops the growth of cancer cells by stopping them from dividing or by killing them. Giving colony-stimulating factors, such as G-CSF, helps stem cells move from the bone marrow to the blood so they can be collected and stored. The stem cells are then returned to the patient to replace the blood-forming cells that were destroyed by high-dose chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying the side effects and how well high-dose chemotherapy works in treating patients undergoing stem cell transplant for recurrent or refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma.
|Lymphoma||Biological: filgrastim Drug: carmustine Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: etoposide Drug: melphalan Procedure: autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Radiation: radiation therapy Radiation: total-body irradiation|
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||High Dose Sequential Therapy for Poor Risk Recurrent or Refractory Hodgkin's Disease|
- Toxicity as assessed by NCI CTC v2.0
- Response rate
- Progression-free survival
- Overall survival
- Percentage of patients who achieve minimal disease status after 2 courses
|Study Start Date:||April 1998|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- To evaluate the feasibility and toxicity of high-dose sequential therapy comprising high-dose etoposide and cyclophosphamide with filgrastim (G-CSF) support followed by 2 courses of high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with poor-risk recurrent or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma.
- To analyze the response rate, progression-free survival, and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.
- To determine the percentage of patients who can achieve a minimal disease status after two courses of Hodgkin lymphoma chemotherapy and before "classical autologous stem cell transplantation."
- First high-dose chemotherapy*: Patients receive high-dose cyclophosphamide IV over 2 hours followed by etoposide IV over 4 hours.
NOTE: *Patients with minimal disease (i.e., a single lymph node ≤ 2 cm in maximal horizontal diameter or a > 75% reduction in a bulky (≥ 10 cm) tumor mass AND no morphological evidence of active bone marrow disease) at initial evaluation do not receive the first high-dose chemotherapy but proceed directly to peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) mobilization with filgrastim (G-CSF) for 3 days and PBSC collection beginning on day 4.
- Peripheral stem cell mobilization and collection: Patients receive G-CSF subcutaneously beginning 96 hours after completion of etoposide and continuing through completion of PBSC collection. Patients undergo leukapheresis to collect PBSC for reinfusion after additional high-dose therapy.
- Second high-dose chemotherapy: Patients receive high-dose melphalan IV over 30 minutes on day -1.
- First PBSC infusion: At least 24 hours after completion of melphalan, patients undergo reinfusion of PBSC on day 0.
- Local radiotherapy: Patients with a localized tumor mass > 5 cm after the second course of chemotherapy or a previous history of bulky disease (> 10 cm or mediastinal mass > 1/3 of transverse thoracic diameter) that has not been irradiated may receive local radiotherapy for 2 weeks, at the discretion of the principal investigator.
High-dose therapy: Eight to 12 weeks after completion of the second course of chemotherapy, patients receive 1 of 2 regimens.
- Regimen A: Patients undergo fractionated total body irradiation 3 times daily on days -8 to -5 (10 fractions) and receive high-dose etoposide IV over 4 hours on day -4 and cyclophosphamide IV on day -2.
- Regimen B: Patients receive high-dose carmustine IV over 4 hours on days -7 to -5 and etoposide and cyclophosphamide as in regimen A.
- Second PBSC infusion: At least 48 hours after completion of cyclophosphamide, patients undergo reinfusion of PBSC on day 0.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed at day 60 and then every 3 months for up to 1 year.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00544570
|Study Chair:||Eileen P. Smith, MD||City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center|