Study Into the Effect of Ibandronate for the Treatment of Bone Marrow Edema in Relation to Spontaneous or Non-traumatic Osteonecrosis of the Knee: A Randomized Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow edema (BME) in the knee occurs as a localized inflammatory disease in relation to spontaneous or non-traumatic osteonecrosis (ON). Prognosis of BME/ON in the course after knee arthroscopy appears to be poor and in most cases results in knee arthroplasty. Treatment options of ON depend in general on the size of the lesion. Smaller lesions are managed by mechanical unloading and use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, larger lesion in general requires osteotomy or arthroplasty. In animal studies it has been shown that bisphosphonates prevent resorption of necrotic bone during ischemic necrosis and revascularization. In humans, bisphosphonate treatment has been used successfully in bone marrow oedema and avascular necrosis of the femoral head.
In an observational study using bisphosphonates (ibandronate, pamidronate) in patients with either spontaneous or (believed to be) arthroscopy-induced BME of the knee a significant rapid and sustained pain relief was observed with a mean decrease on the pain scale on the visual analogue scale of over 60% after 3 months and of 80% after 6 months. Our experience suggests an apparent beneficial effect of amino-bisphosphonates in the treatment of BME of the knee.
AIM: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study aims to provide data on clinical, biochemical and radiological outcome of patients with bone marrow edema in relation to spontaneous or arthroscopy-induced ON of the knee treated with ibandronate or placebo.
ENDPOINTS: The primary objective is to demonstrate the superiority of treatment with ibandronate compared to placebo regarding clinical outcome (pain [VAS score]) in spontaneous or arthroscopy-induced BME/ON of the knee after 12 weeks. Secondary objectives include a) clinical outcome (pain [VAS score]) after 24 weeks, b) the evaluation of the radiological outcome (MRI scan) at 12 and 48 weeks, c) the changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover, and d) the number of salvage therapies needed in case persistence is observed during placebo therapy.
METHODS: The study is designed as a single-center, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. A total number of 30 patients with BME/ON will be recruited. Each patient will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive ibandronate IV or placebo IV. Additionally, all patients will receive 500 mg calcium and 400 IU vitamin D per day throughout the study, and diclofenac/esomeprazole for initial 3 months (blinded treatment duration 24 weeks). Baseline and follow-up data collection will contain all variables needed for evaluation of clinical, biochemical and radiological evaluation of treatment efficacy.
EXPECTED RESULTS: We hypothesize that treating patients with BME/ON of the knee, therapy with ibandronate will be superior in reducing pain, and radiological findings as compared to placebo.
Osteonecrosis of the Knee
Bone Marrow Edema of the Knee
Drug: Ibandronate IV
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Study Into the Effect of Ibandronate for the Treatment of Bone Marrow Edema in Relation to Spontaneous or Non-traumatic Osteonecrosis of the Knee: A Randomized Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial|
- clinical outcome (pain [VAS score]) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- clinical outcome (pain [VAS score]) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- radiological outcome (MRI knee) [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- number of salvage therapies needed in case persistence is observed during placebo therapy [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Active Comparator: A||
Drug: Ibandronate IV
Ibandronate IV (Bonviva® IV), 10.5 mg divided in 4 single infusions within 2 weeks(1x1.5 mg, 3x3 mg), followed by a fifth infusion after 3 months (V4)
|Placebo Comparator: B||
Placebo IV, divided in 4 single infusions within 2 weeks, followed by a fifth infusion after 3 months (V4)
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00532220
|Basel, Switzerland, 4031|
|Principal Investigator:||Christian Meier, MD||University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland|
|Principal Investigator:||Marius E Kraenzlin, MD||University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland|