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Phase II Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of Cetuximab in Combination With XELOX for 12 Weeks Followed by Maintenance Treatment With Cetuximab Plus Capecitabine as First-line Treatment in Elderly Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00531115
Recruitment Status : Terminated (According to the study design, in the first step the number of responses was lower than the number required (< 7).)
First Posted : September 18, 2007
Last Update Posted : February 20, 2013
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Spanish Cooperative Group for the Treatment of Digestive Tumours (TTD)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine confirmed objective response rate to combination therapy with cetuximab plus XELOX for 4 cycles followed by maintenance treatment with cetuximab plus capecitabine as first line treatment in elderly patients with metastatic colorectal cancer

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Drug: cetuximab 5mg/ml Phase 2

Detailed Description:
  • This open-label, non-controlled, multicentre, phase II study will recruit 53 elderly patients with diagnosis of metastatic colorectal cancer.
  • All patients will receive 4 cycles of treatment with cetuximab plus XELOX followed by cetuximab plus capecitabine as maintenance therapy until progression of disease, occurrence of unacceptable toxicity to the study drugs, or withdrawal of consent by the patient.
  • The planned duration of a cycle is 3 weeks.
  • Cetuximab therapy will not be delayed for chemotherapy-related toxicity and vice versa. If patients benefit from combination therapy, but develop unacceptable intolerance to oxaliplatin and/or capecitabine, cetuximab may be continued in combination with the other chemotherapy drug and/or as a single agent. In case of cetuximab intolerance, patients should continue with chemotherapy treatment until progression disease.
  • Evaluations:

    • Efficacy data (response rate, progression-free survival, duration of response and survival) and safety data will be collected. The investigators will assess responses to treatment.
    • When the treatment is stopped either because of disease progression or occurrence of unacceptable toxicity, the patients will enter a follow-up period where the progression-free survival, the subsequent lines of treatment and the survival data will be collected every 12 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 28 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multicentre, Single-arm, Phase II Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of Cetuximab in Combination With Oxaliplatin and Capecitabine (XELOX) for 12 Weeks Followed by Maintenance Treatment With Cetuximab Plus Capecitabine as First-line Treatment in Elderly Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer.
Study Start Date : November 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1 Drug: cetuximab 5mg/ml

Weekly administration of Cetuximab (initial infusion of 400 mg/m2 for 120 minutes followed by subsequent maintenance doses of 250 mg/m2 for 60 minutes) Oxaliplatin. 130 mg/m2 every three weeks. on day 1 for 4 cycles Capecitabine. 1000 mg/m2 twice daily (2.000 mg/m2 total daily dose) or 750 mg/m2 if Cl Cr=30-50 ml/min (1500 mg/m2 total daily dose) for two weeks (on days 1 to 14) followed by one week of rest (on days 15 to 21).

The patients will receive 4 cycles of cetuximab plus combination chemotherapy administered every 3 weeks in order to achieve a noticeable response. Then, oxaliplatin treatment will be stopped after a maximum of 4 infusions to prevent appearance of neuropathy and then followed by capecitabine 2 weeks out of 3, and cetuximab weekly as maintenance treatment.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Confirmed objective response rate [ Time Frame: 2007-2009 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease control, Time to progression, progression-free survival,Time to treatment failure,Determine time to onset of response, Duration of response, Overall survival, To determine biologic prognostic factors [ Time Frame: 2007-2009 ]
  2. Treatment safety [ Time Frame: 2007-2009 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   70 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed written informed consent before any study related activities are carried out
  • Men and women >= 70 years.
  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of CRC.
  • Non-resectable and/or non-operable metastatic colorectal carcinoma.
  • Presence of at least one lesion by two-dimensional measurement; index lesions should not be in a region with previous irradiation.
  • Availability of tumor tissue for immunohistochemical analysis
  • Karnofsky functional status >= 80% at the time of enrollment in the study.
  • Life expectancy greater than 3 months.
  • Patients will not have received chemotherapy for advanced or metastatic disease. Patients with the following characteristics will be included: 1. Recurrence after neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant treatment with 5-fluorouracil/folinic acid or capecitabine +/- radiotherapy with disease-free interval > 12 months following conclusion of treatment. 2. Recurrence after surgical and/or radiotherapy treatment without adjuvant systemic treatment. 3. De novo diagnosis of disease.
  • Proper hematological, renal and hepatic function,

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Documented or suspected cerebral and/or leptomeningeal metastases.
  • Surgery (excluding biopsy for diagnosis) and/or radiotherapy during the 4 weeks prior to inclusion in the study.
  • Chronic, concomitant systemic immunotherapy, chemotherapy, or hormonal treatment for cancer.
  • Prior administration of monoclonal antibodies, EGFR signal transduction inhibitors or EGFR-targeted treatment.
  • Participation in another clinical trial with medication in the past 30 days
  • Prior participation in a study in which treatment with cetuximab may be assigned (whether or not treatment with cetuximab is received).
  • Prior malignant tumor in the past 5 years, except for history of adequately treated basal cell skin cancer or pre-invasive cervical cancer .
  • Lack of physical integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract or malabsorption syndrome or history of inflammatory intestinal disease, acute or subacute intestinal occlusion or other disease which could alter drug absorption.
  • Evidence of grade 3 or 4 allergic reaction to any treatment components or other fluoropyrimidines.
  • Clinically relevant peripheral neuropathy.
  • Clinically significant coronary artery disease or history of myocardial infarction in the last 12 months or high risk of decompensation of heart failure or arrhythmia.
  • Serious active infections (requiring intravenous antibiotics), including active tuberculosis and diagnosed HIV.
  • Known abuse of alcohol/drugs.
  • Legal incapacity or limited legal capacity.
  • Any medical or psychological disorder which, in the opinion of the investigator, does not allow the patient to conclude the study or sign the informed consent.
  • Patients catalogued as delicate or "frail" for compliance with any of the following criteria

    • Dependence in one or more activities of daily life according to the Katz Activity of Daily Living (ADL) scale.
    • 3 or more comorbid entities based on evaluation of the presence of the following processes: congestive heart failure; valvular heart disease; coronary artery disease; obstructive or restrictive chronic pulmonary disease; cerebrovascular disease; peripheral neuropathies; chronic renal failure; hypertension; diabetes; concomitant neoplasms; collagen vascular diseases; and incapacitating arthritis.
    • Presence of geriatric syndromes: moderate-severe dementia; delirium in situation of stress (urinary or respiratory infection, angina or drugs); moderate-severe depression that interferes with usual activity of patient; frequent falls (3 or more per month); lack of care (Who could help him or her in the event of an emergency?); urinary incontinence in the absence of stress, infection, diuretics or prostatic hyperplasia; fecal incontinence in the absence of diarrhea or laxatives; osteoporotic fractures of long bones or vertebral crush.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00531115

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Spanish Cooperative Group for Gastrointestinal Tumour Therapy
Madrid, Spain, 28046
Sponsors and Collaborators
Spanish Cooperative Group for the Treatment of Digestive Tumours (TTD)
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
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Study Chair: Javier Sastre H. Clinico San Carlos. Madrid. Spain
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Spanish Cooperative Group for the Treatment of Digestive Tumours (TTD) Identifier: NCT00531115    
Other Study ID Numbers: TTD-06-05
EudraCT Nº: 2006-007062-11
First Posted: September 18, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 20, 2013
Last Verified: February 2013
Keywords provided by Spanish Cooperative Group for the Treatment of Digestive Tumours (TTD):
metastatic colorectal cancer
elderly patients
cetuximab, oxaliplatin, capecitabine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents