Photodynamic Therapy Using HPPH in Treating Patients With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer That Blocks the Air Passages

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00528775
Recruitment Status : Terminated (drug cannot be prepared commercially)
First Posted : September 12, 2007
Results First Posted : June 10, 2014
Last Update Posted : June 10, 2014
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Photodynamic therapy uses a drug, such as HPPH, that becomes active when it is exposed to a certain kind of light. When the drug is active, tumor cells are killed. This may be an effective treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer that blocks the air passages.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well photodynamic therapy using HPPH works in treating patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer that blocks the air passages.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: HPPH Procedure: endoscopic procedure Phase 2

Detailed Description:



  • To determine the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) using HPPH in patients with advanced obstructing endobronchial non-small cell lung cancer.


  • To determine palliation of symptoms in patients treated with this regimen.
  • To determine the amount of HPPH taken up by the obstructing endobronchial tumors in these patients.
  • To determine the extent of STAT3 cross-links, which are molecular markers of immediate PDT reaction, in the obstructing tumors of these patients before and after PDT treatment.
  • To determine inflammation and apoptosis in the obstructing bronchial tumors of these patients before and after PDT treatment.

OUTLINE: Patients receive HPPH IV over 1 hour on day 1. On day 3, patients undergo photodynamic therapy (PDT) comprising laser light delivered by flexible, fiberoptic fibers passed through the biopsy channel of an endoscope. Patients undergo endoscopic debridement on day 5. If viable tumor is found outside of the initial treatment area, patients may receive another dose of laser light without additional HPPH.

Patients may undergo tumor biopsies periodically during study for optional biomarker/correlative studies. Tumor tissue samples are analyzed for STAT3 cross-links by western blotting; apoptosis and inflammation biomarkers by immunohistochemistry, TUNEL, and other immunological laboratory methods; and tumor concentrations of HPPH by fluorescence emission spectroscopy.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 4-6 weeks and then periodically thereafter.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) Using 2-[1-hexyloxyethyl]-2 Devinyl Pyropheophorbide-a (HPPH) for Treatment of Advanced Obstructing Endobronchial Lung Cancer
Study Start Date : August 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: HPPH
Patients will receive 4 mg/m2 HPPH (given light exposure precautions) and approximately 2 days later be treated endoscopically with 150J/cm of 665 +-5nm light.
Drug: HPPH
4 mg/m2 IV

Procedure: endoscopic procedure
Treatment with 150 joules from laser

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor Response [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Palliation of Symptoms as Assessed by the Pulmonary Symptom Scale [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
  2. Photosensitizer (HPPH) Concentration in Tumor [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
  3. STAT3 Cross-links as Assessed by Western Blotting [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
  4. Inflammation and Apoptosis as Assessed by Immunohistochemistry [ Time Frame: 2 months ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Biopsy confirmed advanced obstructing endobronchial non-small cell lung cancer

    • May have squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, or large cell carcinoma histology
  • Ineligible for or refused surgical resection
  • Local endobronchial recurrence after prior surgical resection, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy allowed
  • No evidence of tumor encasement of major pulmonary vessels on CT scan of the chest


  • Karnofsky performance status (PS) 50-100% OR ECOG PS 0-2
  • WBC ≥ 4,000/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Prothrombin time < 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  • Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  • Alkaline phosphatase (hepatic) ≤ 3 times ULN
  • SGOT ≤ 3 times ULN
  • No contraindications for bronchoscopy
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after the completion of study treatment
  • Patients with underlying lung disease must be judged (by the principal investigator) able to withstand mucous/debris formation at the site of treatment
  • Patients who cannot breathe due to complete upper airway obstruction and who need emergency treatment to open the airway are not eligible
  • No porphyria or hypersensitivity to porphyrin or porphyrin-like compounds
  • No severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude multiple bronchoscopies
  • No partial central airway obstruction from mucous/debris formation
  • No high-grade upper airway obstruction of the trachea


  • Any type of prior therapy (e.g., chemotherapy or radiotherapy) for lung cancer allowed
  • At least 4 weeks since prior and no concurrent chemotherapy or radiotherapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00528775

United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263-0001
Sponsors and Collaborators
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Todd L. Demmy, MD Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Responsible Party: Roswell Park Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT00528775     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000563948
RPCI-I-98707 ( Other Identifier: Roswell Park Cancer Institute )
First Posted: September 12, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 10, 2014
Last Update Posted: June 10, 2014
Last Verified: May 2014

Keywords provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:
adenocarcinoma of the lung
large cell lung cancer
squamous cell lung cancer
recurrent non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
stage IV non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms