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Temozolomide, Thalidomide, and Lomustine (TTL) in Melanoma Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00527657
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 11, 2007
Last Update Posted : May 31, 2013
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest safe dose of lomustine (CCNU, CeeNUTM) that can be given with temozolomide (TemodarTM) and thalidomide (ThalomidTM) in the treatment of metastatic melanoma that has spread to the brain. The safety and effectiveness of this combination therapy will also be studied.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain Neoplasms Melanoma Drug: Lomustine Drug: Temozolomide Drug: Thalidomide Phase 1

  Show Detailed Description

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 17 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Temozolomide, Thalidomide, and Lomustine (TTL) in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma in the Brain
Study Start Date : February 2006
Primary Completion Date : February 2012
Study Completion Date : February 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lomustine + Temozolomide + Thalidomide
Lomustine starting dose 30 mg/m^2 by mouth daily on Day 1 and 29. Temozolomide 75 mg/m^2 by mouth daily on Days 1 to 42. Thalidomide 200 mg/m^2 by mouth daily.
Drug: Lomustine
Starting dose 30 mg/m^2 by mouth daily on Day 1 and 29.
Other Names:
  • CCNU
  • CeeNU
Drug: Temozolomide
75 mg/m^2 by mouth daily on Days 1 to 42.
Other Name: Temodar
Drug: Thalidomide
200 mg/m^2 by mouth daily.
Other Name: Thalomid

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: 1 cycle (8 weeks) of therapy ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective (CR+PR) response rate at the MTD [ Time Frame: 1 cycle (8 weeks) of therapy ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologic Documentation: Histologic or cytologic diagnosis of distant metastatic melanoma and clinical evidence of brain metastasis.
  2. Pts must have brain lesions of =/> 1.0cm longest dimension by MRI or spiral CT, if MRI not feasible or > 0.5cm by MRI with 3D images. Pts with/without extracranial disease are eligible. Measurable extracranial disease is not required. Lesions that are considered non-measurable include: <1.0 cm by MRI or Spiral CT, Bone lesions, Leptomeningeal disease, Ascites, Pleural/pericardial effusion, Lymphangitis cutis/pulmonis, Abdominal masses that are not confirmed and followed by imaging techniques, Cystic lesions, lesions that are in a previously irradiated area, unless new growth can be documented.
  3. Age >/= 18 years of age.
  4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status: 0 or 1
  5. No more than 1 prior chemotherapy regimen and no prior chemotherapy for brain metastases. No prior treatment with continuous daily dose of temozolomide; prior immunotherapy and surgical resection are permitted. Patients with prior history of whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) are permitted providing that there is measurable lesion with documented growth post radiation or new disease.
  6. (#5 continued) Progression of lesions treated with WBRT must be shown by 2 post treatment brain imaging at least 3 weeks apart. Progression of disease is also considered when the patient had increase of lesions as per MRI of brain obtained 4 weeks or more after WBRT completed when compared to baseline MRI obtained less than 1 week prior to start of radiation. Lesions treated with SRS must have responded and then progressed.
  7. The following time periods must have elapsed since prior therapy: 3 weeks since surgical resection or stereotactic radiosurgery; 4weeks since prior whole brain radiation therapy; 6 weeks since prior nitrosureas or mitomycin C. Biologic agents used as adjuvants and vaccines or cellular therapies will not require 4-week wash out period if the patient meets all eligibility criteria.
  8. No frequent vomiting and/or medical condition that could interfere with oral medication intake (e.g., partial bowel obstruction).
  9. No other concurrent chemotherapy/immunotherapy/radiotherapy.
  10. No history of active angina or myocardial infarction within 6 months. No history of significant ventricular arrythmia or uncontrolled arrythmia or bradycardia. The study participants must have resting heart rate of 48 or greater (.e.i - to receive Thalidomide).
  11. No prior history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE).
  12. No known HIV disease. Patients with a history of intravenous drug abuse or any other behavior associated with an increased risk of HIV infection should be tested for exposure to the HIV virus. Because peripheral neuropathies are a common toxicity of antiviral therapy and of viral infection in HIV patients, as well as a common significant toxicity with thalidomide, patients who test positive or who are known to be infected are not eligible. An HIV test is not required for entry on this protocol, but is required if the patient is perceived to be at risk.
  13. No pre-existing neuropathy that is >/= grade 2, including uncontrolled seizures.
  14. No expected need for radiotherapy to brain or any extracranial metastatic site during the period of participation in the study.
  15. Patients may not be taking Coumadin, warfarin or heparin products or their derivatives.
  16. Patients who require anti-platelet therapy such as daily aspirin, Plavix or ibuprofen are not eligible to participate.
  17. Patients requiring the use of bisphosphonates (e.g., zolendronic acid) are not eligible to participate. Patients who receive thalidomide in combination with zolendronic acid are potentially at increased risk of renal dysfunction.
  18. Required Initial Laboratory Data: Granulocytes >/= 1,500/ml; Platelet count >/= 100,000/ul; Creatinine </=2 mg/dl; Transaminases (ALT,AST) </= 3 * upper limits of normal; Alkaline phosphatase </= 3 * upper limits of normal; thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) Within normal limits Serum beta-HCG Negative (in female patients unless S/P hysterectomy or menopausal or no menses for 24 months). Assay must have a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/ml. Serum anticonvulsant levels (for patients on a measurable anticonvulsant) must be within therapeutic range. EKG must be without acute abnormalities or uncontrolled arrhythmia.
  19. Pregnant and nursing women are not eligible for treatment on this protocol. Women of childbearing potential must agree to abstain from all intercourse or use two methods of birth control for 28 days prior to treatment and while under treatment with thalidomide and for 4 weeks after completing therapy. One of the methods of birth control must be highly active (IUD, hormonal, tubal ligation or partner's vasectomy) and used concomitantly with one additional method(e.g., latex condom, diaphragm or cervical cap. Please see also eligibility criteria 19 and 20.
  20. In addition, women of childbearing potential must have morning urine b-HCG performed within 1 week prior to registration and within 24 hours before beginning study treatment. All the precautions for childbearing potential women are required even in patients with infertility unless due to hysterectomy or the patient has been post menopausal (has had no menses for at least 24 consecutive months). Men must agree to abstain from unprotected sexual intercourse. Male patients should request that female partners use a second method of birth control in addition to the male barrier method (condoms).
  21. All patients (men and women) must agree to use medically approved contraceptive measures simultaneously prior to starting thalidomide therapy, all during drug therapy, and for at least 1 month after therapy has stopped. Women of childbearing potential should start using medically approved contraceptive measures 4 weeks prior to starting thalidomide therapy.
  22. Patients must give written consent.
  23. Patients must be willing and able to comply with the FDA-mandated S.T.E.P.S version 3 program.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Presence of any ongoing toxic effect from prior treatment.
  2. Serious infection requiring intravenous antibiotics, or nonmalignant medical illnesses that are uncontrolled or whose control may be jeopardized by the complications of this therapy.
  3. Concurrent active malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix. Patients with previous malignancies, but which have not required anti-tumor treatment within the preceding 24 months will be allowed to enter the trial. Patients with a history of a T1a or b prostate cancer (detected incidentally at transurethral prostatectomy (TURP) and comprising less than 5% of resected tissue) may participate if the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) remained within normal limits since TURP.
  4. Any other medical condition or reason that, in the principal investigator's opinion, makes the patient unsuitable to participate in a clinical trial including but not limited to active bleeding, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption or gastrointestinal tract disease resulting in inability to take oral medication.
  5. Pregnant and lactating women.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00527657

United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Celgene Corporation
Principal Investigator: Nicholas E. Papadopoulos, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00527657     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2004-0595
First Posted: September 11, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 31, 2013
Last Verified: May 2013

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Brain Neoplasms
Metastatic Melanoma
Brain Metastasis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors