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Safety and Efficacy of Methoxyflurane for Treatment of Incident Pain

This study has been completed.
Australian Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources
Information provided by:
Medical Developments International Limited Identifier:
First received: September 2, 2007
Last updated: January 27, 2010
Last verified: January 2010
This study aims to provide further supportive evidence that Methoxyflurane, a potent analgesic, administered using the Penthrox Inhaler is safe and efficacious in adult participants, specifically those who experience incident pain associated with a planned bone marrow biopsy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Pain Measurement Drug: Methoxyflurane Drug: Normal Saline Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IV, Randomized, Double Blind, Single Centre, Placebo Controlled Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Methoxyflurane [Penthrox] for the Treatment of Incident Pain in Participants Undergoing a Bone Marrow Biopsy Procedure

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Medical Developments International Limited:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine where there is a difference in efficacy between Methoxyflurane and placebo for control of pain in participants undergoing a Bone Marrow Biopsy

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine the safety of Methoxyflurane

Estimated Enrollment: 110
Study Start Date: September 2007
Study Completion Date: November 2009
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: A Drug: Methoxyflurane
Placebo Comparator: B Drug: Normal Saline


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult participants (18 years of age or older)
  • Able to give written informed consent
  • Anticipated episode(s) of incident pain related to planned BMB lasting no more than 30 minutes on average
  • Anticipated life expectancy of at least 1 month

Pre-Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with a clinical condition that may, in the opinion of the investigator, impact on the subject's ability to participate in the study, or on the study results
  • Participants who have had IV sedation/opioid on previous BMB and who wish to receive IV sedation/opioid on this occasion or who in the opinion of the BMB operator would be advised to receive IV sedation/opioid on this occasion
  • Concomitant use of other investigational agents
  • Concomitant use of nephrotoxic agents such as gentamicin
  • Uncontrolled INR (>4)
  • Personal or familial hypersensitivity to fluorinated anaesthetics
  • Personal or familial malignant hyperthermia
  • Respiratory rate of less than 10 per minute
  • Has previously received methoxyflurane
  • Known pre-existing renal or hepatic impairment
  • Compromised Renal Function (creatinine ≥ 1.5 x ULNR)
  • Compromised Liver Function (bilirubin ≥ 2.5 x ULNR)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Premedication with anxiolytic (e.g. midazolam, diazepam)
  • Dosed with breakthrough dose of analgesic that may contribute to control of pain during the planned procedure
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00524927

Australia, Victoria
Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3002
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical Developments International Limited
Australian Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources
Principal Investigator: Odette Spruyt, MD Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Australia
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Greg Plunkett, Regulatory Affairs Manager, Medical Developments International Identifier: NCT00524927     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06/61
Study First Received: September 2, 2007
Last Updated: January 27, 2010

Keywords provided by Medical Developments International Limited:
Incident Pain
Bone Marrow Biopsy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anesthetics, Inhalation
Anesthetics, General
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on September 21, 2017