Primary Outcome Measures:
- To measure the change in quality of life score as demonstrated by the FACT-An (Functional Assessment in Cancer Therapy - Anemia) and LASA (Linear Analogue Assessment Scale) tools over the 36 week study period.
Secondary Outcome Measures:
- Health care resource utilization. To measure transfusion requirements and change in Hb levels. All patients were followed for survival until closure of study which was the time the last patient in the entire study completed study participation.
This study was an open-label (patients and investigators knew what treatment was being given), randomized (patients were assigned to a treatment group by chance) study of lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), or multiple myeloma patients. This study addressed the clinical and patient-management consequences of treating mild to moderate anemia (hemoglobin (Hb) between 10 and 12 g/dL). The design of the study compared the effect of treating higher Hb levels to current standard of care criteria on Hb levels, transfusion requirements, and patient reported outcomes (quality of life, health care resource utilization, and productivity). Patients were randomized according to their Hb levels. Two entry criteria were specified during the course of the trial. Initially, patients were enrolled with Hb levels >= 11 g/dL and then randomized to receive 1) Immediate epoetin alfa treatment or 2) Observed after Hb levels fell below 11 g/dL. Epoetin alfa treatment was provided to the Observed group if and when Hb levels fell below 9.0 g/dL. Slow recruitment of patients in to the study resulted in a protocol amendment. Subsequently, if a patient presented with a Hb between 10 and 12 g/dL, the patient was randomized to the Immediate or to the Observed groups. Patients presenting with Hgb > 12 g/dL but otherwise eligible, were not randomized until Hb dropped to <=12 g/dL. Patients remained in the study for up to 36 weeks. Safety assessments were performed throughout the study and included obtaining and evaluating laboratory tests, vital signs (e.g., blood pressure), and the occurrence and severity of adverse events. The starting dose of PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) was administered subcutaneously (sc) as 40,000 Units (U) once weekly (qw). If after 3-4 weeks of therapy, the Hb did not increase by > 1.0 g/dL, the dose was increased to 60,000 U sc qw. If at any time, the Hb rose above 15 g/dL on 2 consecutive evaluations, PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) was stopped until the Hb dropped to below 13 g/dL and then resumed.