A Clinical Study of the Arctic Front Cryoablation Balloon for the Treatment of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation (Stop-AF)
|Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation||Device: Arctic Front® Cryoablation Catheter Drug: Flecainide or Sotalol or Propafenone||Phase 3|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial of Catheter Cryoablation in the Treatment of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation.|
- Acute Procedural Success (APS) [ Time Frame: 371.4 Minutes (Average) ]Acute Procedural Success was defined as a demonstration of electrical isolation in ≥ 3 Pulmonary Veins (PVs) at the conclusion of the first protocol-defined cryoablation procedure. APS was decided at the end of the procedure the mean time was calculated for the time frame.
- Freedom From Chronic Treatment Failure (CTF) [ Time Frame: 12 month follow up period ]Subjects that did not have or were free of CTF. CTF was defined as the occurence of an Atrial Fibrillation (AF) intervention, use of non-study AF drug therapy, or the occurence of detectable AF which is is defined as an episode of AF, documented in a tracing, and lasting more than 30 seconds, occurring during a Non Blanked Follow-up Period.
- Treatment Success [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Treatment Success was defined as Acute Procedure Success (APS) and freedom from Chronic Treatment Failure (CTF) for Experimental Subjects, and freedom from CTF for Control Subjects. Under this pre-specified definition of Treatment Success, Experimental Subjects must have had APS and remained free of CTF during the 12-month follow-up duration, while Control Subjects must have remained free of CTF during the 12-month follow-up duration.
- Freedom From Major Atrial Fibrillation Events (MAFEs) [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]Subjects that did not have or were free of MAFEs. MAFEs were serious adverse events categorized as cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or hospitalization for AF recurrence/ablation, flutter ablation, embolic events, heart failure, hemorrhage or anti-arrhythmic drug treatment.
- Cryoablation Procedure Events (CPEs) [ Time Frame: To end of ablation procedure ]Subjects that had CPEs. CPEs were device- or procedure-related serious adverse events (SAE) categorized as access site complications, cardiac damage, pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis, embolic complications, arrhythmias, unresolved phrenic nerve palsy and death.
|Study Start Date:||October 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental subjects received cryoablation intended to isolate the pulmonary veins and ablate arrhythmia foci. If necessary, experimental subjects were allowed a previously failed Study Atrial Fibrillation Drug (AF Drug).
Device: Arctic Front® Cryoablation Catheter
Experimental Subjects received cryoablation intended to isolate the pulmonary veins and ablate arrhythmia foci with the cryoablation catheter system.
Active Comparator: Control
Control Subjects were treated with an AF Drug (flecainide, propafenone, or sotalol) that they had not previously failed.
Drug: Flecainide or Sotalol or Propafenone
Flecainide 200 mg / day Propafenone 450 mg / day Propafenone-SR 650 mg / day Sotalol 240 mg / day
STOP AF (PS-023) is a randomized, controlled study of subjects 18 to 75 years old who had been referred for ablative intervention after failing one or two (but not all three) anti-arrhythmic drugs used in the treatment of AF (flecainide, propafenone and sotalol). Study subjects were randomized into two arms: the cryoablation (treatment) arm and the membrane-active antiarrhythmic drug (control) arm. A 90- day blanked follow-up period, including reablation and medication adjustments was applied in both arms to optimize therapies. All subjects underwent follow-up assessments at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months, weekly transtelephonic monitoring, 24-hour Holter monitoring and CT/MRI of the pulmonary veins(at 6 and 12 months) during the trial period. Control subjects who were confirmed to be chronic treatment failures were permitted to crossover to cryoablation in this trial.
Acute procedural success was defined for subjects that underwent cryoablation and demonstrated electrical isolation in ≥ 3 Pulmonary Veins (PVs) at the conclusion of the first protocol-defined cryoablation procedure using the Arctic Front® Cardiac CryoAblation Catheter System.
The primary effectiveness endpoint was defined as having acute procedural success and freedom from chronic treatment failure (CTF) for experimental subjects, and freedom from CTF for control subjects. Freedom from (CTF) was defined for both groups as the occurrence of detectable AF during a non-blanked follow-up period, or an AF Intervention, or the use of a non-study AF drug at any time.
The co-primary safety outcome measures were Cryoablation Procedure Events (CPEs) in cryoablated subjects and Major Atrial Fibrillation Events (MAFEs) in both groups. CPEs were device- or procedure-related serious adverse events.
Other safety assessments were made during the course of the STOP AF trial specific to pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) and phrenic nerve injury.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00523978
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|Principal Investigator:||Douglas L. Packer, MD||Mayo Clinic|