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Effects of Contact Lens Wear on Children's Self-Perceptions (ACHIEVE)

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: August 29, 2007
Last Update Posted: March 21, 2011
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
Information provided by:
Ohio State University
The purpose of the study is to determine whether contact lens wear will improve children's self-perceptions more than spectacle wear.

Condition Intervention
Myopia Device: Soft contact lenses Device: Spectacle

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Official Title: Adolescent and Child Health Initiative to Encourage Vision Empowerment (ACHIEVE) Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Ohio State University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Global Self-Worth Scale from the Self-Perception Profile for Children [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Five other scales from the Self-Perception Profile for Children [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • Change in cycloplegic autorefraction [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • Change in axial length, measured by A-scan ultrasound [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • Change in corneal curvature, measured by Grand Seiko WR-5100K autokeratometer [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • Change in Overall score from the Pediatric Refractive Error Profile [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Enrollment: 484
Study Start Date: September 2003
Study Completion Date: October 2007
Primary Completion Date: October 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Contact Lens
Soft contact lenses
Device: Soft contact lenses
Daily wear soft contact lenses disposed of daily or biweekly
Other Name: 1 Day Acuvue or Acuvue 2 contact lenses
Active Comparator: Spectacle
Device: Spectacle
Spectacles for the treatment of myopia
Other Name: Children chose their own frames.

Detailed Description:
Eight to eleven year old children will be randomly assigned to wear spectacles or soft contact lenses. The children's self-perceptions will be measured at baseline and every six months. We will compare the change in self-perception between spectacle and soft contact lens wearers over three years. We will also examine the effect of how much children initially like or dislike to wear glasses on the change in self-perception over three years.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years to 11 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1.00 to 6.00 D spherical component myopia, based on cycloplegic autorefraction
  • 1.00 DC or less astigmatism, based on cycloplegic autorefraction
  • 20/20 or better best-corrected visual acuity in each eye
  • Global stereoacuity of 250 seconds of arc or better based on Randot stereoacuity

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contact lens wear within the past month
  • Ocular health problems that could affect vision, eye development, or contact lens wear
  • Systemic health problems that could affect understanding of surveys or contact lens wear
  • Participation in other eye or vision studies that prescribed a treatment
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00522288

United States, Massachusetts
New England College of Optometry
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Ohio
Ohio State University College of Optometry
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210-1240
United States, Oregon
Pacific University College of Optometry
Forest Grove, Oregon, United States, 97116
United States, Tennessee
Southern College of Optometry
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38014
United States, Texas
University of Houston College of Optometry
Houston, Texas, United States, 77204
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ohio State University
Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey J Walline, OD, PhD Ohio State University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Jeffrey J. Walline, OD, PhD, College of Optometry, The Ohio State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00522288     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2003H0114
First Submitted: August 28, 2007
First Posted: August 29, 2007
Last Update Posted: March 21, 2011
Last Verified: March 2011

Keywords provided by Ohio State University:
Contact Lenses

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Refractive Errors
Eye Diseases