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Tai Chi for Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Diakonhjemmet Hospital Identifier:
First received: August 27, 2007
Last updated: NA
Last verified: August 2007
History: No changes posted
The purpose of this study was to study the impact of Tai Chi group exercise on physical function, health and disease activity of patients with RA, and to examine the patients' experience and perception of Tai Chi.

Condition Intervention
Rheumatoid Arthritis Other: Physical exercise

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Tai Chi for Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Quantitative and Qualitative Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Diakonhjemmet Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Balance was measured with Walking in a Figure of Eight. Strength and endurance were measured by Timed-Stands test. Shoulder function was measured with Assessments of Shoulder Movement Impairment Scale. [ Time Frame: 15 min ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Blood samples were collected for determination of sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP). A rheumatologist examined the patients with the number of 28 swollen and tender joints. [ Time Frame: 15 min ]
  • Self-reported health status included Health Assessment Questionnaire, visual analogue scale for fatigue, muscle pain, and fear of falling, Short Form Health Survey and Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale [ Time Frame: 15 min ]
  • Focus group interview in order to capture the participants' experiences and perceptions with Tai Chi. [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]

Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: September 2004
Study Completion Date: March 2005
Arms Assigned Interventions
Single group study
Other: Physical exercise
Tai Chi exercise, twice a week during 12 weeks

Detailed Description:

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory and systemic disease that mainly affects the musculoskeletal system. The disease is often progressive and may result in reduced physical function, pain, fatigue, and joint destruction. Exercise programs are reported to improve physical functioning in patients with RA.

Tai Chi is a traditional Chinese martial art that was developed in the 13th century, and combines slow and gentle movements with mental focus.

The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a 12 weeks standardized Tai Chi group exercise program on disease activity, physical function and health status in patients with RA attending. Further, the patients experiences of possible effects of Tai Chi were to be obtained in a focus group interview.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of RA according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1987
  • Stable medical treatment
  • No earlier experience with Tai Chi

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Lack of ability to bear weight on the lower extremities
  • Recent or ongoing disease flare
  • Unstable heart condition
  • Participation in other physical exercise interventions more than twice a week included in other intervention studies.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00522054

National resource center for rehabilitation in rheumatology. Diakonhjemmet Hospital
Oslo, Norway, 0319
Sponsors and Collaborators
Diakonhjemmet Hospital
Study Chair: Camilla Fongen, MSc National Resource Center for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Identifier: NCT00522054     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 587-03244
Study First Received: August 27, 2007
Last Updated: August 27, 2007

Keywords provided by Diakonhjemmet Hospital:
Physical function
Rheumatoid arthritis
Tai Chi

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases processed this record on June 26, 2017