Impact of Resynchronization Therapy on Sleep Disordered Breathing in Advanced Congestive Heart Failure (IMPACT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00521534
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 28, 2007
Last Update Posted : September 18, 2012
Boston Scientific Corporation
University of Pittsburgh
Information provided by:
VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

Brief Summary:

Background and Introduction:

SDB is increasingly recognized as a co-morbidity with significant impact on overall health. The disorder has been implicated in the development of hypertension, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease as well as arrhythmia, stroke and the progression of congestive heart failure. The disorder is prevalent among males, estimated to affect upto 24% of the general population. Its prevalence increases with age, and it is particularly prevalent among patients with congestive heart failure with the prevalence rising to 51% in that group. Interestingly, recent evidence points to a potential impact for treating sleep disordered breathing, on heart failure patients. At the same time, recent reports of a beneficial impact of atrial overdrive pacing on SDB, have stirred interest in a potentially effective and well tolerated non-pharmacologic means of therapy for this disorder. Particularly at a time when cardiac resynchronization therapy utilizing biventricular pacing has demonstrated significant impact on heart failure, the interplay between CHF and SDB pacemaker based therapy begs further exploration. The interdependence of potential positive impact on each entity needs to be elucidated for further research and refinement of therapeutic tools. Furthermore, this study aims to explore potential neurohormonal influence on and affection by each of these disorders.

Specific Aims and Hypotheses:

Specific Aim #1: To assess the effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with or without atrial pacing on SDB in patients with advanced CHF at 8 and 16 weeks after implementation of therapy.

Hypothesis #1: Resynchronization therapy improves SDB, the effect may anticipate or lag improvement in heart failure. Atrial pacing has a beneficial effect in addition to CRT.

Specific Aim #2: To explore the effect of CRT on cardiac neuro-hormonal activity in relation to its effects on CHF and SDB.

Hypothesis #2: CRT neuro-hormonal modulation is a common path in its effects on SDB and CHF.

Specific Aim #3: To assess prevalence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in patients with advanced congestive heart failure (CHF).

Hypothesis #3: SDB is prevalent yet under recognized in this patient population.

Research Design:

This is an observational study with a built in double blinded prospective randomized interventional substudy of a potential confounder i.e. atrial pacing. All patients will receive CRT with defibrillator for clinical indications (CRT-D). Investigators other than the EP physicians as well as patients will be blinded to the pacing mode. After screening and a run in period of back up pacing a baseline polysomnogram (PSG) will be performed. Patients will be randomized between atrial overdrive or atrial tracking pacing modes for six months, all patients receiving CRT. Sleep studies will be performed at baseline and at three month intervals. Subjects: Patients referred for implantation of CRT -D will be recruited for this trial. Patients are included only if they are indicated for such a device on clinical grounds. Outcome Measures: 1.Sleep quality related Parameters:The following will be collected at times of each PSG: MAP-PSQI, PSG parameters of sleep quality and architecture, apnea hypopnea index, and oxygen saturation as well as biochemical markers of sleep efficiency. 2.Heart Failure Parameters: The following will be obtained at times of each PSG: Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, Clinical and echocardiographic measures of heart failure progression and biochemical markers of heart failure severity.

Power Analysis: An improvement in SDB in both initial randomization arms is assumed, however we further assume the atrial overdrive arm will offer improvement over the atrial tracking arm of equal magnitude. An arbitrary estimate would be twenty percent improvement in atrial overdrive arm. The corresponding estimate is 40% improvement due to CRT. To achieve 0.80 power thirty four data sets need to be collected.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Sleep Related Breathing Disorder Congestive Heart Failure Device: CRT with atrial overdrive pacing

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 19 participants
Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Impact of Resynchronization Therapy on Sleep Disordered Breathing in Advanced Congestive Heart Failure
Study Start Date : March 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Heart Failure
U.S. FDA Resources

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
CRT programmed to VDD pacing mode
CRT programmed to DDD with overdrive pacing based on first night average sinus rate.
Device: CRT with atrial overdrive pacing
Both groups receive CRT, one group receives atrial overdrive pacing

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients presenting to the electrophysiology service of the VAPHS for CRT implant are eligible.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age > 18years
  • Indication for CRT device implant:

    • Congestive heart failure (NYHA Class III or IV)
    • Ejection fraction less than 36%
    • Evidence of intraventricular dyssynchrony (QRS duration >120ms or positive tissue doppler echocardiogram).
    • Have a life expectancy of at least 6 months
    • Are on optimal pharmaceutical therapy (OPT)
  • Ability and willingness to sign informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unstable angina, Canadian Cardiac Society Class III or greater.
  • Patients with unstable heart failure defined as need for intravenous inotropes or inability to achieve stable medical regimen for 48 hours.
  • Deterioration in CHF at any time during the study requiring hospital admission and any of the following:

    • A significant change in pharmaceutical regimen (see below: Pharmacologic Therapy)
    • A change in pacing mode parameters (with the exception of if the mode is inadvertently programmed incorrectly at implant)
    • A need for inotrope support
    • A downward change in functional class by one grade at discharge
  • Women of childbearing age who are pregnant or who refuse pregnancy test and reliable contraception means for the duration of the study.
  • Not having a successful percutaneous CRT device implant.
  • Chronic atrial fibrillation.
  • Patients currently known to have sleep apnea for which they are being treated with CPAP. (Patients prescribed to CPAP who have not been compliant for one month or greater are eligible for enrollment.)
  • AHI >50 on any PSG or portable sleep study.
  • Mean nocturnal heart rate > 80 bpm on baseline PSG will exclude from randomization.
  • Patients receiving, narcotics or benzodiazepines unless on stable doses.
  • Current alcohol or narcotic abuse as documented in the patient medical record.
  • Inability or unwillingness to sign informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00521534

United States, Pennsylvania
VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15240
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System
Boston Scientific Corporation
University of Pittsburgh
Principal Investigator: Alaa Shalaby, MD VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Alaa Shalaby, MD, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System Identifier: NCT00521534     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 02345
First Posted: August 28, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 18, 2012
Last Verified: September 2012

Keywords provided by VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System:
Sleep related Breathing Disorder
Congestive Heart Failure
Atrial Overdrive Pacing
Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Failure
Respiratory Aspiration
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pathologic Processes