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Efficacy, Immunogenicity, and Safety of a Single Dose of V710 in Adult Patients Scheduled for Cardiothoracic Surgery (V710-003 AM2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00518687
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : August 21, 2007
Results First Posted : November 4, 2012
Last Update Posted : October 2, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC

Brief Summary:
This study will assess the efficacy of a single dose of V710 vaccine to prevent serious Staphylococcus aureus infections following elective cardiothoracic surgery. The study will also evaluate the immune response and general safety of the V710 vaccine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteremia Mediastinitis Biological: V710 Biological: Placebo Phase 2 Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8031 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Multicenter, Double-Blind, Group-Sequential Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Immunogenicity, and Safety of a Single Dose of Merck 0657nI Staphylococcus Aureus Vaccine (V710) in Adult Patients Scheduled for Cardiothoracic Surgery
Study Start Date : December 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Vaccines

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: V710 60 µg Biological: V710
0.5-mL single injection of V710 (60 µg)
Other Name: Merck 0657nI Staphylococcus aureus vaccine

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Biological: Placebo
0.5-mL single injection of matching placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteremia and/or Deep Sternal Wound Infection [ Time Frame: Up to 90 days after surgery ]
    Diagnosis of the Staphylococcus aureus infections employed standardized definitions adapted from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Guidelines for Nosocomial infections (Garner JS, Jarvis WS, Emori TG, et al. CDC definitions for nosocomial infections. APIC Infect Control App Epidemiol 1996;A1-20). Bacteremia was defined as ≥1 positive blood culture for S. aureus regardless of the presence of clinical symptoms. A Staphylococcus aureus deep sternal wound infection included mediastinitis or a deep incisional surgical-site infection involving the sternal wound.

  2. Incidence Rate of Vaccine-related Serious Adverse Experiences [ Time Frame: Up to 360 days after surgery ]
    Vaccine-related adverse experiences were those deemed by the investigator to be possibly, probably, or definitely vaccine related. A serious adverse experience was any adverse experience occurring at any dose that 1) resulted in death, 2) was life threatening, 3) resulted in a persistent or significant disability/incapacity, 4) resulted in or prolonged an existing inpatient hospitalization, 5) was a congenital anomaly/birth defect, 6) was a cancer, 7) was an overdose, or 8) jeopardized the participant and required medical or surgical intervention.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Invasive Staphylococcus Aureus Infection [ Time Frame: Up to 90 days after surgery ]
    Diagnosis of the Staphylococcus aureus infections employed standardized definitions adapted from the CDC Guidelines for Nosocomial infections. An invasive Staphylococcus infection included bacteremia, deep sternal wound infection, deep-tissue organ/space infection at another surgical site, or any other deep-tissue infection.

  2. Number of Participants With Surgical-site Staphylococcus Aureus Infection [ Time Frame: Up to 90 days after surgery ]
    Diagnosis of the Staphylococcus aureus infections employed standardized definitions adapted from the CDC Guidelines for Nosocomial infections. A Staphylococcus infection surgical-site infection included any superficial incisional, deep incisional, or organ/space infection at the sternal site, the vascular harvest (donor) site, or any other site at which the surgery was performed.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participant is scheduled to undergo cardiothoracic surgery involving a full median sternotomy (not including cardiac transplantation surgery) within 14 to 60 days after vaccination.
  • Female participants of reproductive potential are required to have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test immediately prior to study vaccination and must use an acceptable form of birth control.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants had an invasive Staphylococcus aureus infection within the past 3 months prior to study entry.
  • A realistic (>50%) possibility that cardiothoracic surgery will be necessary sooner than 10 days after vaccination.
  • Participant is planning to undergo cardiac transplantation surgery or sternal debridement to remedy an infection resulting from a prior cardiothoracic surgery.
  • Participant has any type of ventricular-assist device in place at the time of study entry.
  • Participant has a history of anaphylaxis to any of the vaccine components.
  • Participant received V710 vaccine, any other investigational Staphylococcus aureus vaccine, or investigational Staphylococcus aureus antibodies.
  • Participant has a temperature of ≥100.4ºF (≥38.0ºC), oral equivalent, within 48 hours prior to study vaccination.
  • Participant has impairment of the immune system.
  • Participant has a medical condition in which the expected survival is less than 90 days.
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC Identifier: NCT00518687    
Other Study ID Numbers: V710-003
2007_523 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
First Posted: August 21, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 4, 2012
Last Update Posted: October 2, 2015
Last Verified: October 2015
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Pathologic Processes
Mediastinal Diseases
Thoracic Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs