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Bradykinin Receptor Blocker in ACE Inhibitor-associated Angioedema

This study has been terminated.
(This study was stopped to allow initiation of a mult-center study)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nancy J. Brown, Vanderbilt University Identifier:
First received: August 15, 2007
Last updated: December 16, 2015
Last verified: December 2015
Individuals with heart disease or high blood pressure are often prescribed angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors to treat their disease. However, the use of ACE inhibitors can be associated with angioedema, a rare but life-threatening condition that causes swelling of the face and other body parts. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of the drug HOE-140 at decreasing symptoms of angioedema in people taking ACE inhibitors who develop the condition.

Condition Intervention Phase
Angioneurotic Edema
Drug: HOE-140
Other: Placebo
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Study of a Bradykinin Receptor Blocker in Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor-Associated Angioedema

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Vanderbilt University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to resolution of angioedema, as defined as the time interval between when the participant first noted the onset of symptoms and when there is no objective evidence of angioedema by physical examination [ Time Frame: Measured at follow-up visit 7 days following resolution of angioedema ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Length of hospital stay, admission to the intensive care unit, requirement for intubation, duration of intubation, use of steroids, use of histamine receptor type 1 (H1) and H2 blockers, use of epinephrine, and blood pressure levels [ Time Frame: Measured at follow-up visit 7 days following resolution of angioedema ]

Enrollment: 13
Study Start Date: September 2007
Study Completion Date: December 2015
Primary Completion Date: September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: HOE-140
Administration of HOE-140 (icatibant) 30 mg at time 0 and at 6 hours
Drug: HOE-140
Subcutaneous at time 0 and 6 hours
Other Name: icatibant
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Administration of placebo at time 0 and 6 hours
Other: Placebo
Subcutaneous at time 0 and 6 hours

Detailed Description:

People who take ACE inhibitors may develop angioedema, a condition that causes itchy and painful swelling beneath the skin around the eyes, lips, tongue, throat, hands, or feet. In severe cases, the throat may swell, obstructing the airway and leading to breathing difficulty. ACE inhibitors prevent the breakdown of a natural chemical in the body called bradykinin. Increased levels of bradykinin, which can cause swelling, may contribute to the development of angioedema. Blocking bradykinin receptor cells prevents bradykinin from initiating swelling and may lead to a possible decrease in angioedema symptoms. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of HOE-140, a bradykinin receptor blocker, at reducing symptoms in people with ACE inhibitor-associated angioedema.

This study will enroll people admitted to the emergency room or hospital who have a severe case of ACE inhibitor-associated angioedema. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive an injection of either HOE-140 or placebo. Initially, participants will undergo an electrocardiogram to measure the electrical activity of the heart. Then blood pressure measurements, blood collection, a physical exam to determine the extent and duration of swelling, and photographs of the swelling will occur at 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 hours following the start of treatment. Questionnaires will be completed by study staff and participants to assess changes in angioedema symptoms and the extent of swelling. Participants will remain in the hospital for 24 to 48 hours, depending on the severity of their symptoms. Blood will be collected at a follow-up visit that will occur 7 days after the resolution of angioedema symptoms.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ambulatory
  • ACE inhibitor-associated angioedema, as defined as swelling of the lips, pharynx, or face while taking an ACE inhibitor, no history of angioedema while not taking an ACE inhibitor, and no evidence of abnormal C1 inhibitor concentration or abnormal complement levels. People with possible cases of ACE inhibitor-associated bowel edema will not be enrolled.
  • If female, must be postmenopausal for at least 1 year prior to study entry, undergone surgical sterilization, or willing to use an effective form of birth control and take a pregnancy test daily for the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Started taking birth control pills in the 6 months prior to study entry
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00517582

United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37205
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt University
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Principal Investigator: Nancy J. Brown, MD Vanderbilt University Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Nancy J. Brown, Professor, Vanderbilt University Identifier: NCT00517582     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 495
R01HL079184 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
HL079184-Specific Aim 1
Study First Received: August 15, 2007
Last Updated: December 16, 2015

Keywords provided by Vanderbilt University:
ACE Inhibitor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Skin Diseases, Vascular
Skin Diseases
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Bradykinin Receptor Antagonists
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vasodilator Agents
Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Bradykinin B2 Receptor Antagonists
Complement Inactivating Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents processed this record on April 24, 2017