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Effects of Acetazolamide and CO2 Inhalation on Exercise-induced Periodic Breathing in Heart Failure

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Centro Cardiologico Monzino Identifier:
First received: August 16, 2007
Last updated: January 27, 2016
Last verified: January 2016

To evaluate the effects of CO2 inhalation and acetazolamide treatment on exercise-induced periodic breathing in patients with chronic stable heart failure.

Patients will be given CO2 (2%) during a constant workload exercise. Patients will be also evaluated by maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test without and with acetazolamide acute and chronic treatment.

Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Heart Failure
Drug: acetazolamide
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Centro Cardiologico Monzino:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Suppression of periodic breathing [ Time Frame: two days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • suppression of sleeping apnea [ Time Frame: two days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: July 2007
Study Completion Date: August 2012
Primary Completion Date: July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Active Acetazolamide Drug: acetazolamide
i.v. 500 mg of acetazolamide for the acute study and 500 mg of acetazolamide p.o. t.i.d. for two days
Other Name: Diamox


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • chronic heart failure in stable clinical condition
  • exercise-induced periodic breathing

Exclusion Criteria:

  • comorbidities
  • NYHA class IV
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00517426

Centro Cardiologico Monzino, University of Milan
Milan, Italy, 20138
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centro Cardiologico Monzino
Principal Investigator: Piergiuseppe Agostoni, MD, PhD Centro Cardiologico Monzino
  More Information

Responsible Party: Piergiuseppe Agostoni, MD PhD, Centro Cardiologico Monzino Identifier: NCT00517426     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R77-CCM S79/407 
Study First Received: August 16, 2007
Last Updated: January 27, 2016
Health Authority: Italy: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Centro Cardiologico Monzino:
heart failure,
periodic breathing,

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Failure
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Natriuretic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on October 26, 2016