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Effect of Emotional Freedom Technique and Diaphragmatic Breathing on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00514956
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 10, 2007
Last Update Posted : September 22, 2009
Sponsor:
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:
A great many soldiers are returning from Iraq and Afghanistan with symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Clinical experience with many people has shown the effectiveness of the techniques of Energy Psychology for rapidly alleviating PTSD symptoms. The study proposes to determine whether a very brief course of treatment (3 sessions) with a common form of Energy Psychology called Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) has an effect on the stress biochemistry of subjects, by measuring their levels of stress hormones (cortisol, DHEA) before and after treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic Behavioral: Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The Purpose of the Research: The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) versus Diaphragmatic Breathing in Reducing Post Traumatic Stress Disorders.

The Scientific or Scholarly Rationale: Clinical experience and anecdotal reports have demonstrated EFT to be effective for a wide range of behavioral disorders, including PTSD. However with the exception of several studies demonstrating the efficacy of EFT for the treatment of simple phobias, there have been no formal research studies in this area. It is the intention of this study to extend the phobia studies to the area of PTSD, and to determine what other conditions EFT might be effective in treating. Another intention of this study is to see whether, and to what degree, changes in psychological functioning (as measure by the PAI and TSI) are reflected in physiological markers such as HRV (Heart Rate Variability) and levels of cortisol and DHEA.

The Procedures to be Performed: Approximately 8 to 10 subjects would be randomly designated to either the experimental or Diaphragmatic Breathing control groups. There will be 4-5 subjects in the EFT experimental group and 4-5 subjects in the control Diaphragmatic Breathing group.


Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Emotional Freedom Technique and Diaphragmatic Breathing on PTSD
Study Start Date : September 2007
Primary Completion Date : January 2009
Study Completion Date : January 2009

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Arms and Interventions


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in baseline cortisol and DHEA production [ Time Frame: Six months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in scores on Trauma Assessment Inventory and other instruments normed for trauma [ Time Frame: Six months ]

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • PTSD
  • Recent Service in Afghanistan or Iraq
  • Good Health History

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Illegal Drug Use
  • Recent Physical Trauma
  • Head injuries, concussions, amputees
  • Mental health issues prior to entering military service
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00514956


Locations
United States, West Virginia
Marshall University Medical School
Charleston, West Virginia, United States
Marshall University, Joan Edwards School of Medicine
Huntington, West Virginia, United States, 25701
Sponsors and Collaborators
Soul Medicine Institute
Investigators
Study Director: Dawson Church, PhD Soul Medicine Institute
More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Church, D., Geronilla, L., & Dinter, I. (2009) Psychological symptom change in veterans after six sessions of Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT). International Journal of Healing and Caring, January, 9:1.

Responsible Party: Dawson Church, Executive Director, Soul Medicine Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00514956     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PTSD-ACEP-SMI-MU-1
First Posted: August 10, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 22, 2009
Last Verified: September 2009

Keywords provided by Soul Medicine Institute:
Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Mental Disorders