Combination Chemotherapy and Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer With Liver Metastases or Lung Metastases That Are Potentially Removable by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00513266
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2009 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 8, 2007
Last Update Posted : August 7, 2009
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as oxaliplatin, irinotecan, fluorouracil and leucovorin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab and cetuximab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Giving combination chemotherapy together with monoclonal antibody therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving combination chemotherapy together with monoclonal antibody therapy works in treating patients with advanced colorectal cancer with liver metastases or lung metastases that are potentially removable by surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Metastatic Cancer Biological: bevacizumab Biological: cetuximab Drug: fluorouracil Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride Drug: leucovorin calcium Drug: oxaliplatin Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Procedure: adjuvant therapy Procedure: biopsy Procedure: conventional surgery Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:



  • To determine the pathological complete response (CR) rate in resected patients assessed on lesions of less than or equal to 30 mm in size.


  • To determine the clinical CR rate in all patients.
  • To determine toxicity and tolerability of this regimen (pre- and postoperative toxicity).
  • To evaluate perioperative safety in these patients.
  • To determine disease-free survival (time to progression in unresected patients) and overall survival of the whole study population.
  • To determine resectability in these patients.
  • To evaluate markers that predict the occurrence of a pathological CR or a non-response in pathological material (resected liver metastasis) and biological material collected from these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive cetuximab IV over 1-2 hours on days 1, 8, 15, 22, and 29, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on days 1 and 15, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 8 and 22, fluorouracil IV over 24 hours on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, leucovorin calcium IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 5 weeks for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients who are able to undergo liver resection receive bevacizumab on day 1 only of course 3 and undergo liver resection 3 weeks after chemotherapy. Beginning 4 weeks after liver resection, patients receive 2 additional courses of chemotherapy as adjuvant therapy.

Patients undergo tumor tissue and blood sample collection periodically for biological studies. Samples are analyzed for markers that predict the occurrence of a complete pathological response (pCR) or a non-response.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for the first 2 years and then every 6 months thereafter.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 35 participants
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Oxaliplatin-CPT-11-5-FU-Leucovarin + Bevacizumab and Cetuximab (OCFL-BC) as a Combination Regimen for Systemic Treatment of Advanced Colorectal Carcinoma With Potentially Resectable Liver and/or Lung Metastases. A Phase II Study
Study Start Date : June 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathological complete response rate of lesions of less than or equal to 30 mm in size assessed by pathologic examination in resected specimens

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response as assessed by NCIC criteria
  2. Toxicity as assessed by NCIC criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


Inclusion criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma
  • Bidimensionally measurable metastatic disease limited to the liver and considered curatively resectable after response to systemic therapy as assessed by a surgical board

    • Additional metastatic disease to the lungs consisting of no more than 3 potentially resectable lesions allowed
    • Must have at least one lesion of 30 mm or less

Exclusion criteria:

  • History or evidence upon physical examination of CNS disease unless adequately treated (e.g., uncontrolled seizure with standard medical therapy or history of stroke)


Inclusion criteria:

  • Performance status ≤ 1
  • Life expectancy > 12 weeks
  • WBC ≥ 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine 1.25 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin 1.25 x ULN (1.5 x ULN if liver metastasis)
  • AST and ALT ≤ 3 x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastasis)
  • Woman and men of childbearing age must use adequate contraception

Exclusion criteria:

  • Pregnancy (positive serum pregnancy test) or lactation
  • Chronic diarrhea ≥ grade 2
  • Other serious illness or medical condition including any of the following:

    • Unstable cardiac disease requiring treatment
    • Congestive heart failure or angina pectoris even if medically controlled
    • Significant arrhythmias
    • History of significant neurologic or psychiatric disorders including psychotic disorders, dementia, or seizures that would prohibit the understanding and giving of informed consent
    • Active uncontrolled infection
    • Severe hypercalcemia
    • Other serious underlying medical condition that could impair the ability of the patient to participate in the study
    • Neuropathy > grade 1 of any etiology
  • Known DPD deficiency
  • Known severe polyneuropathy
  • Known allergy to Chinese hamster ovary cell proteins, other recombinant human or humanized antibodies, any excipients of bevacizumab formulation, or any other study drugs
  • Chronic inflammatory bowel disease
  • Acute or subacute intestinal occlusion
  • History of previous arterial thromboembolism
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • Serious nonhealing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  • History of tumor other than basocellular carcinoma of the skin
  • Peripheral neuropathy > grade 1 of any origin (e.g., alcohol)
  • Significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to study treatment


Exclusion criteria:

  • No prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease

    • Prior adjuvant chemotherapy permitted if interval since last treatment administration and recurrence is > 6 months
  • Major surgical procedure or open biopsy within 28 days prior to study treatment or anticipation of the need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study
  • Treatment in a clinical trial within 30 days prior to study entry
  • Concurrent treatment with other experimental drugs or other anticancer therapy
  • Current or recent use (within 10 days prior to study treatment) of full-dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants for therapeutic purposes
  • Chronic daily treatment with aspirin (> 325 mg/day)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00513266

Kantonspital Aarau
Chur, Switzerland, CH-7000
Hopital Cantonal Universitaire de Geneve
Geneva, Switzerland, CH-1211
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
Lausanne, Switzerland, CH-1011
Hopital Regional de Sion-Herens-Conthey
Sion, Switzerland, CH -1951
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
Study Chair: Arnaud Roth, MD Hopital Cantonal Universitaire de Geneve Identifier: NCT00513266     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000559146
First Posted: August 8, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 7, 2009
Last Verified: June 2009

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent rectal cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
stage IV colon cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
adenocarcinoma of the rectum
liver metastases
lung metastases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors