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Cholestasis Prevention: Efficacy of IV Fish Oil

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00512629
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 8, 2007
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark Puder, Boston Children's Hospital

Brief Summary:
Parenteral nutrition (PN) solutions are life saving in patients with surgical gastrointestinal diseases. However, the use of PN in pediatric populations, especially premature infants, is frequently associated with liver injury that may ultimately result in hepatic failure. In studies conducted in a murine model, we observed that intravenous fat emulsions (IFE) comprised of omega-3 fatty acids were able to prevent the development of cholestasis, a common precursor of PN-associated liver disease, as well as reverse preexisting PNALD through a combination of factors, including improved triglyceride clearance coupled with anti-inflammatory properties. In a case series treating patients with hepatic cholestasis, serum bilirubin levels decreased markedly after the parenteral administration of an omega-3 fatty acid based fat emulsion (Omegaven®). Patients tolerated this therapy and no adverse reactions attributed to its use were observed. Based on results of these previous studies, we propose to conduct a randomized trial aiming to gain preliminary evidence of efficacy of an omega-3 fatty acid based IFE in preventing PNALD in children with intestinal failure

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cholestasis Parenteral Nutrition Drug: Omegaven Drug: Intralipid Phase 1

Detailed Description:
We propose to conduct a randomized controlled clinical trial to determine whether the use of an omega-3 fatty acid based IFE in infants with surgical gastrointestinal disease will improve clinical outcomes compared to infants treated with standard IFE up to 6 months post randomization. Neonates and infants < 3 months old (postnatally) with surgical gastrointestinal disease (defined as congenital or acquired gastrointestinal disease requiring PN for more than 21 days) will be eligible for enrollment. Patients who meet all inclusion and exclusion criteria will be randomized to receive PN with either Intralipid® or Omegaven®. The appearance of both IFEs is indistinguishable, so patients, families and the medical care team will be blinded to treatment group allocation. Aside from the IFE type, the clinical care of both groups of infants will remain unchanged, including standard use of feeding advancement protocols, and treatment of underlying gastrointestinal and other diseases.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 19 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Cholestasis Prevention: Efficacy of IV Fish Oil
Study Start Date : July 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Omegaven
Omegaven is a fish based intravenous fat emulsion
Drug: Omegaven
Omegaven is a fish based intravenous fat emulsion

Active Comparator: Intralipid Drug: Intralipid
Intralipid is a plant based intravenous fat emulsion

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Presence vs. absence of PN-associated cholestasis (PNAC) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The definition of "Presence vs. Absence of PNAC" will vary with the post conceptual age of the child. In infants > 40 weeks post conceptual age, we will define PN-associated cholestasis as four consecutive measurements (> 6 days apart) of serum direct bilirubin > 2.0mg/dL obtained over a 30 day period in the absence of other demonstrable etiologies of cholestasis. Due to hepatic immaturity, for infants < 40 weeks post conceptual age, PN associated cholestasis will be defined as four consecutive measurements (> 6 days apart) of serum direct bilirubin > 2.0mg/dL obtained over a 42 day period.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fatty acid profiles [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    (i.e., Mead acid levels, triene:tetraene ratios, total omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid levels, arachidonic acid levels)

  2. Weight and height gain [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  3. Liver function tests [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    (i.e. serum triglycerides, cholesterol, ALT, AST and total and direct bilirubin levels)

  4. Death from PNALD liver or liver/gastrointestinal tract transplant. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  5. Duration of parenteral nutrition [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    (i.e. enteral feeding tolerance, including days to reach full enteral feeding (approximately 100-125kcal/kg/d + 10%) after randomization and the number of episodes of feeding intolerance (defined as an interruption of enteral feedings for > 12 hrs) , number of infants requiring TPN providing > 10% of total daily fluid volume at 12 weeks after randomization, and duration of TPN providing > 10% of total daily fluid intake)

  6. Frequency of blood stream infections [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  7. Inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein), cytokine levels [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  8. Incidence and severity of ROP [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  9. Neurodevelopment Assessments [ Time Frame: 6, 12, & 24 months (corrected for gestational age) ]
    Neurodevelopment will be assessed at 6, 12, and 24 months (corrected) using Bayley Scales of Infant Development III(mean total, cognitive, language, and motor scaled score; and frequency of each score <70). The MSD parent questionnaire will be mailed at 12 and 24 months (corrected); and the Parent Report of Children's Abilities - Revised (PARCA-R) parent questionnaire will be mailed at 24 months (coorected).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 3 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria (all of the following):

  1. Congenital or acquired gastrointestinal disease requiring surgical intervention [such as Midgut volvulus, Gastroschisis-(with known or suspected atresia(s), perforation(s) requiring a jejunostomy, or bowel resections > 20cm), Omphalocele, Jejunal atresia or NEC-(no peritoneal drains) or duodenal atresia] ; and
  2. Expected dependence on parenteral nutrition for full or partial nutritional support for an anticipated duration of therapy of at least 21 days; Subjects will be judged by their clinical team to require PN support a minimum of 21 days based on the following criteria: inability to tolerate enteral feedings, lack of audible bowel sounds, contraindications to initiation of enteral feedings (e.g., grossly bloody stools or other sign of intestinal ischemia, hypotension, bilious emesis, or clinical or radiographic evidence of bowel obstruction); and
  3. Neonates and infants < 3 months of age (postnatally); and
  4. Gestational age > 28 weeks; and
  5. Baseline direct bilirubin less than 1.0 mg/dL (normal); and
  6. Weight > 1 kg

Exclusion criteria(any one of the following):

  1. Exposure to soybean oil fat emulsion for greater than three weeks (>21 days) at time of enrollment
  2. Known or suspected intolerance or allergy to any of the components of the study IFE, including fish, soy or egg protein
  3. Inability to obtain written informed consent prior to the baseline labs
  4. The patient is enrolled in any other clinical trial involving an investigational agent (unless approved by the designated physicians on the multidisciplinary team)
  5. Intention to transfer care to another patient facility within 3 months of baseline labs
  6. Any serum triglyceride level greater than 400 mg/dL at baseline
  7. History of severe hemolytic disorders or INR greater than 1.5 at baseline (INR cutoff of greater than 2 for babies less than 1 week of age)
  8. History of shock requiring vasopressors (dopamine equal or less than 20 micrograms/kilogram/minute is allowed; all other use of vasopressors is excluded)
  9. Preexisting liver disease, regardless of etiology
  10. Hemodynamically unstable as judged by PI
  11. Renal failure (creatinine greater than 0.4 mg/dL unless less than 1 month of age-then at the PI's discretion)
  12. Patient previously had STEP (Serial Transverse Enteroplasty Procedure)
  13. Patient is currently on ECMO or nitric oxide
  14. GGTP > 80 mg/L at baseline
  15. Weight < 1 kg at time of enrollment
  16. Gestational age < 28 weeks at time of enrollment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00512629

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United States, Massachusetts
Childrens's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boston Children's Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Mark Puder, MD, PhD Boston Children's Hospital
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Mark Puder, Medical Staff, Boston Children's Hospital Identifier: NCT00512629    
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-03-0105
1R01FD003436-01 ( U.S. FDA Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 8, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2020
Last Verified: December 2020
Keywords provided by Mark Puder, Boston Children's Hospital:
gastrointestinal disease in infants
short bowel syndrome
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Bile Duct Diseases
Biliary Tract Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Soybean oil, phospholipid emulsion
Fat Emulsions, Intravenous
Parenteral Nutrition Solutions
Pharmaceutical Solutions