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Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Patients With Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Penis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00512096
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 7, 2007
Results First Posted : December 8, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

Primary Objective:

-To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of multimodality treatment (neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to extirpative surgery) for clinical stage TXN2-3M0 squamous cell carcinoma of the penis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Penile Cancer Drug: Ifosfamide Drug: Paclitaxel (Taxol) Drug: Cisplatin Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Before treatment starts, participants will have a complete exam, including blood and urine tests. A CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis will be done. Participants will have a chest x-ray, bone scan, and an EKG (heart test). A special heart function test may also need to be done in some participants. If necessary a biopsy of enlarged lymph node(s) will be obtained prior to treatment.

Blood tests will be repeated once a week during treatment. CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis and a Chest x-ray will be done after 2 treatments with Taxol, Ifosfamide, and Cisplatin. These will also be done before surgery.

The drugs Taxol, Ifosfamide and Cisplatin will be given through a catheter (plastic tube) placed in a vein in the arm or under the collarbone. Taxol will be given over 3 hours the first day of the treatment cycle. To prevent an allergic reaction, before the Taxol is given, the participant will receive three drugs. These are Dexamethasone, Diphenhydramine, and either Cimetidine or Ranitidine.

After Taxol, Ifosfamide will be given over 2 hours every day for the first three days of the treatment cycle. To prevent possible irritation of Ifosfamide to the bladder, participants will also receive Mesna through the plastic catheter. Mesna will be given both before and after Ifosfamide every day. Mesna is not chemotherapy. It is a medication to prevent side effects of Ifosfamide into the bladder.

Every day for the first three days of the cycle, and after Ifosfamide is given, participants will also receive Cisplatin through the catheter at a steady rate over 2 hours, along with Mannitol and salt water to flush the kidneys. This treatment will be given in the hospital and will require staying in the hospital for 3-4 days. It will be repeated for a total of 4 times; once every 21 days, if the participant has high enough numbers of white blood cells and platelets.

Participants may be given injections of G-CSF under the skin once a day for up to 7 days (days 6-12 of the cycle) to bring the white cells up faster after the chemotherapy. This will also lower the risk of severe infections.

After completing 4 treatments of chemotherapy, participants will have blood and urine tests, a chest x-ray to learn the response of the tumor to the chemotherapy. They will also have a CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis. Participants who have a response to the chemotherapy, or show no sign of new spread of the cancer to other parts of the body, will then have surgery. Surgery will be done to remove the tumor. The lymph nodes in the groin will be removed. The pelvic lymph nodes may also need to be removed. How much tissue is removed depends on how far the tumor has spread. The surgeons will explain the specifics of the surgery in a separate consent form.

After completion of the treatment, physical exams, CT scans, chest x-rays, blood tests, and urine tests will be done every 3 months for 2 years. They will then be done every 6 months. These procedures can be done by a physician at M. D. Anderson or by the participant's own doctor. If the participant's doctor does it, the information will need to be forwarded to the doctors at M. D. Anderson. Participants will be expected to come to M. D. Anderson or to their respective participating urologist/medical oncologist at least once every 6 months for a check-up.

This is an investigational study. The FDA has approved Taxol, Ifosfamide, Cisplatin, and Mesna. Up to 40 participants will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of (Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Trial Prior to Extirpative Surgery) for Clinical Stage TanyN2-3M0 Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Penis
Study Start Date : August 1999
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cisplatin + Ifosfamide + Paclitaxel
Cisplatin 25 mg/m^2 IV Days 1-3; Ifosfamide 1200 mg/m^2 IV Days 1-3; Paclitaxel 175 mg/m^2 IV Day 1
Drug: Ifosfamide
1200 mg/m^2 By Vein Over 2 Hours on Days 1-3
Other Name: Ifex

Drug: Paclitaxel (Taxol)
175 mg/m^2 By Vein Over 3 Hours on Day 1
Other Name: Taxol

Drug: Cisplatin
25 mg/m^2 By Vein Over 2 Hours on Days 1-3
Other Names:
  • Platinol-AQ
  • Platinol
  • CDDP

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Pathologic Complete Remission (pCR) [ Time Frame: restaging with second and fourth 21-day cycles followed by surgery ]
    Histopathologic assessment of surgical resection to confirm Pathologoic Complete Remission. Complete remission defined as disappearance of all target lesions.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent must be obtained from each patient prior to study entry.
  2. Age >/= 14 years of age. Life expectancy greater than or equal to 6 months. PS </= 2 (ECOG).
  3. Patients with histologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the penis who present with clinical stage (T(subscript)xN(subscript)2-3M(subscript)0) disease based on the 1987-1992 TNM Staging System and meeting the additional clinicopathologic criteria as defined in the protocol (section 3.1).
  4. Patients must have adequate physiologic reserve as evidenced by: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >/= 1,500/mm3(superscript) and platelet count >/= 100,000/mm3. Transaminases </= 2 times the upper limit of normal. Conjugated bilirubin </= 1.5mg/dL. Creatinine clearance (either calculated or measured) of >/= 40ml/minute.
  5. No evidence of active ischemia on the EKG and, for patients with significant prior coronary artery disease history, an ejection fraction of more than 40%. No evidence of severe conduction abnormalities on EKG.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with uncontrolled infection or CNS disease.
  2. Distant metastasis (TNM stage M1, i.e., lung, bone, other visceral sites, lymph node metastasis above the aortic bifurcation).
  3. Patients with clinically negative inguinal examinations or those with palpable adenopathy not meeting pathological or clinical criteria (i.e., minimal nodal metastasis or false positive inguinal examination).
  4. Prior systemic chemotherapy for penile carcinoma.
  5. Prior radiation therapy to inguinal or pelvic lymph nodes.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00512096

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United States, Texas
U.T.M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
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Principal Investigator: Lance Pagliaro, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00512096     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ID99-194
First Posted: August 7, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 8, 2010
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2012
Last Verified: July 2012
Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Penile Cancer
Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy
Extirpative Surgery
TanyN2-3M0 Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Penis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Penile Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Penile Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Isophosphamide mustard
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents