Imatinib Mesylate in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia Who Have Received Chemotherapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00509093
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 31, 2007
Last Update Posted : November 1, 2016
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Imatinib mesylate may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well imatinib mesylate works in treating patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia who have received chemotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Drug: imatinib mesylate Genetic: gene expression analysis Genetic: mutation analysis Genetic: polymerase chain reaction Other: flow cytometry Procedure: biopsy Phase 2

Detailed Description:



  • To determine whether adding imatinib mesylate as maintenance therapy improves progression-free survival in patients with c-kit positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) compared with historical controls.


  • To assess the feasibility of administering imatinib mesylate as maintenance therapy after the completion of induction and consolidation therapy in these patients.
  • To evaluate potential mechanisms of relapse/resistance in c-kit positive AML by examining multidrug resistance gene expression and AF1q gene expression and to determine whether these levels correlate with c-kit expression.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive oral imatinib mesylate once daily for up to 12 months.

Bone marrow and peripheral blood are collected at baseline. Laboratory endpoints are evaluated by flow cytometry; mutation and gene analysis by PCR.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 32 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Imatinib Mesylate (Gleevec) as Maintenance Therapy After Induction and Consolidation Chemotherapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed C-kit Positive Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Study Start Date : December 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Imatinib Mesylate Drug: imatinib mesylate
Patients will receive treatment with imatinib mesylate at a dose of 600 mg by mouth once a day for 12 months. The study dose can be split but the dose of 600 mg must be given within a 12 hour period.
Other Name: Gleevec

Genetic: gene expression analysis
Multidrug resistance genes: These studies will include: MDR1, MRP1, LRP, and BCRP. Bone marrow blocks or cut slides will be sent to Duke on the diagnostic AML samples. DNA will be eluted from the samples so that the above genes can be analyzed.
Other Name: MRD

Genetic: mutation analysis
FLT3 mutation analysis (on bone marrow aspirate or peripheral blood): These analyses will be performed by pathology at the time of diagnosis, at the participating institution. Samples will be analyzed for the FLT3 ITD and/or D835 mutation by PCR.
Other Name: FLT3

Genetic: polymerase chain reaction
AF1q gene analysis (on bone marrow aspirate)
Other Name: AF1Q gene analysis

Other: flow cytometry
C-kit MFI on AML samples will be calculated by using a CD45/ orthogonal light scatter gate to isolate blasts. The MFI will be calculated as the c-kit mean channel number (MCN) of the blasts/ MCN auto fluorescence.
Other Name: C-kit MFI, CD117

Procedure: biopsy
Diagnostic bone marrow biopsy/aspirate must be done within 3 weeks of registration documenting complete remission
Other Name: bone marrow biopsy/aspirate

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival for patients less than 60 years of age [ Time Frame: 13 months after treatment ]
    Progression free survival will be measured from the date of Complete Response (CR) to the date of relapse or death.

  2. Progression-free survival for patients 60 years of age and older [ Time Frame: 8 months after treatment ]
    Progression free survival will be measured from the date of Complete Response (CR) to the date of relapse or death.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicity as measured by NCI CTC v. 3.0 [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    The percentage and frequencies of patients going off study for various reasons will be summarized.

  2. Correlation of c-kit expression with multidrug resistance gene expression (MDR1, MRP1, LRP, and BCRP) and AF1q expression [ Time Frame: 24 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Diagnostic bone marrow aspirate/ biopsy or peripheral blood confirming AML.
  • At the time of diagnosis, patients must have c-kit (also known as CD117) positive AML (20% or more of the blasts express c-kit[CD117]).
  • A flow scattergram (from the diagnostic AML specimen) must be available to calculate a c-kit MFI.
  • Patients must have received standard induction chemotherapy with ADE (cytarabine, daunorubicin, and etoposide) or with 7+3 (7 days of cytarabine continuous infusion and 3 days of an anthracycline (idarubicin, daunorubicin, or mitoxantrone). Patients with persistent leukemia on a Day 10-28 marrow may have received a second course of chemotherapy.
  • After the completion of induction therapy, patients must have attained a complete remission based on blood count recovery (neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/µL, platelet count ≥ 100,000/µL), and bone marrow aspirate and biopsy (< 5% myeloblasts).
  • For patients < 60 years of age, patients must have received at least 2 courses of post-remission therapy with at least intermediate dose (400 mg/m2/day). *Patients with t(8;21) or inversion 16 at the time of diagnosis must have received at least 2 courses of high dose cytarabine. For patients > or = 60 years of age, patients must have received 1 course of post-remission therapy (the type of chemotherapy will not be specified).
  • Patients must be registered on this study (maintenance Imatinib mesylate) within 60 days of the last dose of post-remission therapy.
  • A bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy must be done within 3 weeks of registration documenting CR.
  • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must use an effective method of contraception.
  • Female patients of childbearing potential must have negative pregnancy test within 7 days before initiation of study drug dosing. Postmenopausal women must be amenorrheic for at least 12 months to be considered of non-childbearing potential. Male and female patients of reproductive potential must agree to employ an effective barrier method of birth control throughout the study and for up to 3 months following discontinuation of study drug.
  • ECOG Performance Status 0-2.
  • Creatinine must be ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal.
  • Total bilirubin must be ≤ 2 mg/dl and AST and ALT must be ≤ 2 times the upper limit of normal.
  • Previous treatment-related toxicities must have resolved to ≤ Grade 1 excluding alopecia.
  • Written, voluntary informed consent.


  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  • Patients with an autologous or allogeneic bone marrow transplant.
  • History of HIV.
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Serious or poorly controlled medical conditions that would interfere with the protocol.
  • At the time of study entry, any medications which could significantly interact with imatinib mesylate must be discontinued.
  • Patients with active extramedullary disease are not eligible.
  • Patient has received any other investigational agents within 28 days of first day of study drug dosing.
  • Patient is < 5 years free of another primary malignancy except: if the other primary malignancy is not currently clinically significant nor requiring active intervention, or if other primary malignancy is a basal cell skin cancer or a cervical carcinoma in situ. Existence of any other malignant disease is not allowed.
  • Patient with Grade III/IV cardiac problems as defined by the New York Heart Association Criteria. (i.e., congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within 6 months of study)
  • Patient has known chronic liver disease (i.e., chronic active hepatitis, and cirrhosis).
  • Patient previously received radiotherapy to ≥ 25 % of the bone marrow
  • Patient had a major surgery within 2 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Patient with any significant history of non-compliance to medical regimens or with inability to grant reliable informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00509093

United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Ohio
University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106-5065
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Anjali Advani, MD Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Brenda Cooper, MD University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Responsible Party: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00509093     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CASE4906
P30CA043703 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
CASE4906 ( Other Identifier: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center )
AUS259 ( Other Identifier: Novartis )
NCI-2010-01198 ( Other Identifier: NCI/CTRP )
First Posted: July 31, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 1, 2016
Last Verified: October 2016

Keywords provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:
adult acute minimally differentiated myeloid leukemia (M0)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with 11q23 (MLL) abnormalities
adult acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22)
adult acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
adult acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7)
adult acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a)
adult acute monocytic leukemia (M5b)
adult erythroleukemia (M6a)
adult pure erythroid leukemia (M6b)
adult acute basophilic leukemia
adult acute eosinophilic leukemia
adult acute myeloid leukemia in remission

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Imatinib Mesylate
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action