Dietary Methionine Restriction Plus Temozolomide for Recurrent GBM
- To determine the safety, tolerability and efficacy of dietary methionine restriction for 7 days alternating with Temodar® (Temozolomide) given once a day for seven days and this repeated for up to one year in the treatment of patients with recurrent and/or progressive glioblastoma.
- To determine the short- and long-term toxicity of dietary methionine restriction combined with Temodar® in glioblastoma patients.
- To measure and correlate patients' tumor responses and progression-free survival with: serum methionine and peripheral blood lymphocyte methylation levels. In any patient undergoing surgery, to measure tumor alkylguanyl transferase (AGT) and methionine levels and compare to control specimens.
Drug: Temodar (Temozolomide)
Dietary Supplement: Hominex-2
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase I Study of Dietary Methionine Restriction and Temodar® (Temozolomide) for the Treatment of Recurrent and Progressive Glioblastoma Multiforme|
- Time to Disease Progression [ Time Frame: 6 months (26 weeks) ]Time to progression measured from the first day of treatment until progression is documented.
|Study Start Date:||August 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Hominex®-2 + Temodar®
Dietary Methionine Restriction (Hominex®-2) Days 1-7 and 15-21 + Temodar® 150 mg/m^2 orally Days 8-15
Drug: Temodar (Temozolomide)
150 mg/m^2 orally once a day for 7 consecutive days (days 8 through 15).Dietary Supplement: Hominex-2
Methionine free diet during Days 1 - 7 and Days 15 - 21 by consuming only "shakes" containing Hominex-2®.
Methionine is an essential amino acid. Many solid tumors depend on the methionine that is taken in through the diet. The tumors need methionine to grow. A methionine free (or reduced) diet may help to shrink or slow the growth of some tumors. Temozolomide is a drug that is commonly used in the treatment of glioma. A methionine free (or reduced) diet may increase the effectiveness of temozolomide in the treatment of glioma.
Before treatment, you will have a complete physical exam and blood (around 2 tablespoons) will be collected for routine tests. You will have either a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan or a computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain. Women who are able to have children must have a negative blood pregnancy test. You will then meet with a study dietician. The dietician will give you written instructions and make a food plan based on your needs. The instructions and food plan will help you maintain a methionine-free (or reduced) diet during the study.
During the study, all participants will receive standard chemotherapy with temozolomide by mouth once a day at bedtime for 7 days on Days 8 through 14 and 22 through 28, every 28 days, 4 weeks This 4-week period is called a cycle of chemotherapy. This 4 week cycle will be repeated as long as the disease does not get worse.
During treatment, you will be asked to maintain a methionine free diet during Days 1 - 7 and Days 15 - 21. During the periods of methionine free diet, you will consume only "shakes" containing Hominex-2®. The Hominex-2® shakes are nutritionally complete and easy to prepare. You will be given instructions on how to maintain this methionine-free diet.
All participants enrolled in the study will consume a methionine free diet for 1 week, alternating with temozolomide chemotherapy for 1 week. The participants will then be switched to a methionine "replete" diet for 1 week while taking chemotherapy. This diet and chemotherapy schedule will be continued for as long as the treatment is effective and tolerable. This replete diet contains methionine. The dietician will record what you eat to make sure you are eating the right amount of methionine during this period. This 4-week schedule will be repeated as long as you are on the study.
If you experience any intolerable side effects or the disease gets worse, you will be taken off the study and your doctor will discuss other treatment options with you.
During treatment, you will have blood (around 1 tablespoon) collected every 2 weeks for routine tests. Every 4 weeks for the first 16 weeks then every 8 weeks for the rest of the study, you will have check up visits. At these visits, you will have a complete physical exam and have blood collected (around 1 tablespoon) for routine tests. You will also have a dietary consultation. Every 8 weeks during the study, you will have either a MRI scan or a CT scan of the brain. If your doctor feels it is necessary, the tests may be done more often or you may have other tests as needed for your care.
This is an investigational study. Methionine restriction diet (Hominex®-2 Amino Acid-Modified Medical Food) has been approved by the FDA for nutrition support of children and adults with vitamin B6-nonresponsive homocystinuria. However, its use in this study is investigational. Temozolomide has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of brain tumors and is commercially available. The use of this combination is experimental. Forty-four participants will take part in this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00508456
|United States, Texas|
|U.T.M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Morris D. Groves, MD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|