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Imatinib in Systemic Sclerosis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00506831
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 25, 2007
Results First Posted : August 17, 2012
Last Update Posted : August 13, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lorinda S Chung, Stanford University

Brief Summary:

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs and widespread vasculopathy. Patients with SSc are classified according to the extent of cutaneous sclerosis: patients with limited SSc have skin thickening of the face, neck, and distal extremities, while those with diffuse SSc have involvement of the trunk, abdomen, and proximal extremities as well. The disease course varies depending on the subtype of SSc. However, common features that result in significant morbidity and mortality, in addition to cutaneous fibrosis, include Raynaud's phenomenon and digital ulcerations, interstitial lung disease (ILD), and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Current therapeutic options for patients with SSc and these clinical manifestations have shown limited efficacy.

Imatinib antagonizes specific tyrosine kinases that mediate fibrotic pathways involved in the pathogenesis of SSc, including c-Abl, a downstream mediator of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors. The efficacy of imatinib has also been reported in the treatment of patients with refractory idiopathic PAH through its effects on vascular remodeling. Based on the mechanism of action and preliminary patient data, we hypothesize that imatinib may be effective in the treatment of the fibrotic and vasculopathic features of patients with SSc. This is an open label pilot study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of imatinib in patients with progressive SSc refractory to other treatment(s). Validated measures of skin thickness and disease activity will be determined over 6-months of therapy and compared with baseline measures.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Scleroderma, Systemic Drug: Imatinib mesylate Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 9 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of Imatinib in the Treatment of Refractory Systemic Sclerosis
Study Start Date : July 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Scleroderma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Imatinib mesylate
100 mg daily and increase by 100mg daily every 2 weeks to a maximum of 400 mg daily as tolerated
Drug: Imatinib mesylate
100 mg orally daily increased by 100 mg/day every 2 weeks to maximum of 400 mg daily as tolerated. Treatment for 6 months total.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent Change in Modified Rodnan Skin Score at 6 Months Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: 6 months compared to baseline ]
    Modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) on scale of 0 (no skin disease) to 51 severe skin disease. %change in mRSS=(score at 6 months - baseline score)/baseline score. Negative values indicate improvement in skin disease. Clinical important improvement defined as > 25% improvement.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Pulmonary Function Tests at 6 Months Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: 6 months compared to baseline ]
    Change in % predicted Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) at 6 months compared to baseline. FVC is the volume of air that can forcibly be blown out after taking a full breath. FVC% predicted is defined as FVC% of the patient divided by the average FVC% in the population for any person of similar age, sex and body composition.

  2. Change in Digital Ulcerations at 6 Months Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: 6 months compared to baseline ]
    Number of digital ulcers as measured by physician assessment at 6 months compared to baseline

  3. Change in Scleroderma Health Assessment Questionnaire at 6 Months Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: 6 months compared to baseline ]
    Change in Health Assessment Questionnaire disability index at 6 months compared to baseline. The Questionnaire is comprised of a 20 question instrument pertaining to specific activities with possible integer responses of 0 (without any difficulty) to 3 (unable to do), and five additional scleroderma-specific visual analog scale (VAS) domains with possible values ranging from 0.0 to 15.0. The 20 questions are divided into eight domains. A mean score is calculated for each domain ranging from 0 to 3. A composite score is calculated by dividing the summed domain scores by the number of domains answered. The composite score is reported, falling between 0 and 3 on an ordinal scale. The scores are interpreted as 0 (no impairment in function) to 3 (maximal impairment of function).

  4. Change in Dermal Thickness and Collagen Separation on Cutaneous Histopathology at 6 Months Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: 6 months compared to baseline ]
  5. Change in Serum Cytokine Profile at 6 Months Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: 6 months compared to baseline ]
  6. Cell Types That Contribute to the Gene Expression Changes Associated With Imatinib Therapy [ Time Frame: 6 months compared to baseline ]
    To determine which cell types may be contributing to the gene expression changes associated with imatinib therapy, imatinib-responsive genes were isolated from from patient biopsies. From the total number of imatinib-responsive genes that were isolated, the percentage that came from endothelial cells, fibroblasts, B-cells, and multiple cell types was calculated. Reported values do not total to 100% because of rounding.

  7. Change in Serum Autoantibody Profile at 6 Months Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: 6 months compared to baseline ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Adults with refractory diffuse or limited SSc and any or all of the following: Progressive cutaneous fibrosis, Interstitial lung disease, Pulmonary arterial hypertension, Digital ulcerations.

Exclusion Criteria:

Uncontrolled congestive heart failure, hypertension, or coronary artery disease.

HIV, hepatitis B, and/or hepatitis C infection. Serious infection within the past month. Significant hematologic, renal, or hepatic abnormalities. Concurrent use of intravenous immunoglobulin or cyclophosphamide within 4 weeks of the first treatment dose.

Concurrent use of a biologic agent (ie. etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab, abatacept) within 8 weeks of the first treatment dose (6 months for rituximab).

Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00506831

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United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
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Principal Investigator: Lorinda S Chung Stanford University
Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
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Responsible Party: Lorinda S Chung, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00506831    
Other Study ID Numbers: 9598
First Posted: July 25, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 17, 2012
Last Update Posted: August 13, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Scleroderma, Systemic
Scleroderma, Diffuse
Connective Tissue Diseases
Skin Diseases
Imatinib Mesylate
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action