Lipid Infusion in Dialysis Patients With Endotoxemia (LIPIDOSE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00506454
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 25, 2007
Results First Posted : August 15, 2011
Last Update Posted : September 20, 2011
The Rogosin Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a phospholipid emulsion is effective in the treatment of chronic endotoxemia in hemodialysis patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fatigue End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Drug: Lipidose Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Over 70% of dialysis patients suffer chronically from severe fatigue and tiredness. A possible inciting factor may be high levels of circulating endotoxin, which is well-established as a potent stimulator of inflammatory cytokine release.

The source of increased endotoxin in dialysis patients remains unclear, with the most popular hypotheses including back-diffusion of bacterial products from nonsterile dialysate and translocation of bacterial products across what in most dialysis patients is an edematous gut wall. This endotoxin does not appear to be associated with the dialysis procedure itself and indeed, appears to be cleared with some efficiency by the procedure. However, by the next dialysis treatment, endotoxin levels rise rapidly to levels that are in some cases significantly higher than even those measured (via EAA) in patients suffering from septic shock. Although the mechanisms by which dialysis patients tolerate these high endotoxin levels without hemodynamic collapse are not understood, high levels have been shown by The Rogosin Institute to significantly correlate with patient fatigue.

Given the potent ability of endotoxin to induce expression of inflammatory cytokines (which in turn are likely responsible for the debilitating symptoms of fatigue and malaise that afflict the majority of the dialysis population), it is logical that binding and inactivation of endotoxin may lead to improved clinical outcomes. Unfortunately, there are no products currently approved for this purpose in dialysis patients.

One approach to this problem may be to augment the endogenous systems for endotoxin inactivation. For example, it has been suggested that the various serum lipoprotein fractions may in fact be a physiologic "sink" for endotoxin (and other toxins) via binding with surface phospholipids. Therefore, dialysis patients, who as a population are characterized with hypocholesterolemia and hypolipoproteinemia, are particularly at risk for the deleterious effects of endotoxemia.

This has led to the development of "LIPIDOSE," a protein-free phospholipid emulsion. The proposed mechanism of action of this compound is via remodeling of the infused phospholipids into lipoproteins, thereby increasing lipoprotein and phospholipid content and facilitating greater endotoxin binding and neutralization. "LIPIDOSE" has undergone extensive testing in both animals and humans, and has been found to significantly increase serum phospholipid and lipoprotein concentrations, improve survival in a lethal animal model of septic peritonitis, and mitigate the symptoms of endotoxemia in healthy volunteers.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Study of the Effects of a Lipid Emulsion (Lipidose) on Endotoxin Levels in Patients on Chronic Hemodialysis
Study Start Date : August 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dialysis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Lipidose
Dosage of 1.5 mL/kg of Lipidose over a 2-hour period.
Drug: Lipidose
Over the course of 2 weeks, immediately following subject's three (Monday/Wednesday/Friday (M/W/F)) normal dialysis treatments, based on subject's current weight, subject will receive 1.5 mL/kg of Lipidose over a 2-hour period.
Other Name: GR270773

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Dosage of 1.5 mL/kg of Placebo over a 2-hour period.
Drug: Placebo
Over the course of 2 weeks, immediately following subject's three (M/W/F) normal dialysis treatments, based on subject's current weight, subject will receive 1.5 mL/kg of placebo over a 2-hour period.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Reduction in Endotoxin Levels. [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 4 weeks ]
    The number of participants whose post-hemodialysis endotoxin (as measured by Endotoxin Activity Assay (EAA)) was less than their pre-hemodialysis endotoxin.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. On hemodialysis for ≥ 3 months.
  2. Provided written and dated informed consent.
  3. Meets the following lab parameters on Screening labs:

    • Serum albumin > 2.5 g/dL;
    • Serum total cholesterol > 95 mg/dL;
    • Serum High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) > 20 mg/dL;
    • Serum hemoglobin ≥ 11 g/dL;
    • Serum transaminases < 2x the upper limit of normal.
  4. Has had a dialysis adequacy level (KT/V) greater than 1.3 for 2 months prior to screening.
  5. Has a vitality score of ≤ 16 at time of screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Currently participating in or has participated in an investigational drug or medical device study within 30 days or five half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to enrollment in this study.
  2. Pregnant, breast-feeding or female of childbearing potential who does not agree to remain abstinent or to use an acceptable contraceptive regimen (oral contraceptive, double-barrier method, or abstention from sexual relations) during the study period.
  3. Has any of the following laboratory abnormalities when screened:

    • Serum haptoglobin below the lower limit of normal;
    • Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) > 300 U/L;
    • Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) > 190 mg/dL;
    • Fasting (8 hours, water only) triglyceride level > 300 mg/dL;
    • Serum phospholipid level > 500 mg/dL.
  4. Has an EAA level < 0.6 Endotoxin Activity (EA) at screening.
  5. Has prolonged heart wave (QT) interval (as defined by corrected QT (QTc) > 460 msec in males and > 470 msec in females) on screening electrocardiogram (ECG).
  6. Has a history of allergic reaction to eggs (or egg products), soybeans, Intralipid, or any component of "LIPIDOSE".
  7. Has had a recent hospitalization (within the last 30 days) or has other acute illness.
  8. Deemed not medically or psychiatrically stable for the study (in opinion of investigator or the subject's primary nephrologist).
  9. Currently on any of the following medications: (a) medications known to cause QT prolongation; (b) parenteral nutrition supplements (e.g., Intralipid); (c)amphotericin; (d) liposomal amphotericin; (e) amphotericin B lipid complex; or (f) coumadin.
  10. Has known preexisting systolic dysfunction (as defined by previous echocardiogram with ejection fraction (EF) < 35%).
  11. Currently receiving one of the following prohibited concomitant medications; parenteral nutrition supplements containing lipid "emulsion" (e.g., Intralipid), amphotericin, liposomal amphotericin, or amphotericin B lipid complex.
  12. Has a known active hemolytic disease; immune hemolytic anemias, hemoglobinopathies (sickle cell anemia and thalassemia major) or is known or believed to suffer from hereditary spherocytosis or S.E. Asian elliptocytosis.
  13. Has a known bone marrow disorder of inadequate red cell production (e.g., aplastic anemia, myelodysplasia).
  14. Has known current alcohol or drug abuse.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00506454

United States, New York
Rogosin Manhattan Dialysis Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Rogosin Institute
Principal Investigator: Roxana Bologa, MD The Rogosin Institute

Responsible Party: Sepsicure Identifier: NCT00506454     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: S201
First Posted: July 25, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 15, 2011
Last Update Posted: September 20, 2011
Last Verified: September 2011

Keywords provided by Sepsicure:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Signs and Symptoms
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Pathologic Processes