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Urban Environmental Exposures and Childhood Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Georgetown University Identifier:
First received: July 20, 2007
Last updated: NA
Last verified: July 2007
History: No changes posted

The Environmental Protection Agency has recognized that organophosphorus pesticides require close regulation and continued monitoring for human health effects and some (e.g chlorpyrifos) have been phased-out from the consumer market due to the special risk that it posed for children. There is growing evidence in support of the association between pesticide exposure and childhood leukemia. Studies of pesticides and their association with childhood cancer have been limited by study designs, self-reporting and lack of biological measurements. While several large studies in California found little evidence of an association between agricultural pesticide use and childhood leukemia, these results are in contrast with the associations observed with household exposures to pesticides. The real association may depend on timing of exposure, type of pesticide, dose and pathway of exposure. Furthermore, some persons may be more susceptible to the effects of specific pesticides due to inherited mutations in their detoxification pathways.

We are conducting a pilot study to test the hypothesis that environmental exposure to pesticides in pregnancy or during the neonatal period, together with genetic susceptibility may lead to childhood ALL or brain cancer. The study is a multicenter, case-control study, based on collaboration between clinical researchers and basic science research to evaluate the risk for childhood cancer in relation to measured levels of pesticides (and their metabolites) and genetic polymorphisms. Biomarkers will be used to examine the risks of chronic low-dose exposures, and to characterize relationships between specific pesticides, childhood cancer and genetic susceptibility.

Hypothesis: Interaction between environmental factors (pesticides) and maternal or child genetic polymorphisms may lead to childhood cancer.

Brain Cancer
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Primary Purpose: Screening
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Case-Control Study of Urban Environmental Effects on Childhood Leukemia and Brain Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Georgetown University:

Study Start Date: September 2004
Study Completion Date: February 2006

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Only newly diagnosed cases of ALL and brain cancers (i.e. diagnosed within the previous 12 months) under the age of 18 years are eligible for this study. These will include live born infants at term or born prematurely, and any cases we are able to ascertain from pediatric hematology records.
  • Healthy controls of similar age will be recruited.
  • The children must have a parent available to be interviewed who speaks English or Spanish well enough to understand the questionnaire.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Subjects with a diagnosis of Down syndrome or other chromosomal disorder, single gene disorder, or recognized multi-organ syndrome will be excluded.
  • Non-residents of Maryland, the District of Columbia, and Virginia will be excluded; this will avoid the inclusion of out-of-state case families who traveled a long distance for clinical care, where control sampling would be problematic.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00505141

United States, District of Columbia
Children's National Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
Sponsors and Collaborators
Georgetown University
Principal Investigator: Offie P Soldin Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center
  More Information Identifier: NCT00505141     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2004-278
Study First Received: July 20, 2007
Last Updated: July 20, 2007

Keywords provided by Georgetown University:
Childhood Brain Cancer
Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Brain Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases processed this record on April 28, 2017