Combined Agent Randomized Trial of Induction of Labor
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To compare sequential dinoprostone and oxytocin for induction of labor at term with intact membranes and an unripe cervix to two simultaneous regimens. Our aim was to confirm findings from smaller trials and add to data on fetal safety.
Condition or disease
Labor InductionCervical Ripening
This study is a non-blinded, three arm randomized trial at 3 sites. Entry criteria were: >36 weeks’ singleton, cephalic gestation with intact membranes and an unripe cervix (Bishop’s score <6). Study arms were: 1) dinoprostone vaginal insert (Cervidil) for 12 hours followed by oxytocin, 2) dinoprostone vaginal insert (Cervidil) for 12 hours with simultaneous oxytocin, and 3) intracervical dinoprostone gel (Prepidil)(one dose) followed by immediate oxytocin. Primary outcome measure was the rate of vaginal delivery <24 hours. Secondary outcomes were randomization to delivery interval, rate of cesarean delivery (CD) for non reassuring fetal status (NRFS) and rate of uterine hyperstimulation.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 45 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
> or = to 36 weeks of gestation
Intact membranes and an unripe cervix (Bishop score <6)