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HIV Testing Strategies in the Perinatal Setting

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of California, San Francisco Identifier:
First received: July 16, 2007
Last updated: May 6, 2015
Last verified: May 2015
The purpose of the study is to determine whether an abbreviated pretest/post-test CDC recommended counseling is as equally acceptable to prenatal patients as the standard strategy using prenatal care nurses and medical providers at San Francisco General Hospital [SFGH]).

Condition Intervention
HIV Infections Pregnancy Related Procedure: Abbreviated HIV test counseling

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Patient Perspectives and Testing Uptake With Abbreviated Versus Standard HIV Consenting in the Prenatal Setting: A Randomized-Controlled, Non-Inferiority Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of California, San Francisco:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Satisfaction With HIV Testing Experience (O'Connor Decisional Conflict Scale) [ Time Frame: same day as HIV test counseling (cross-sectional study) ]
    We measured decisional conflict, the primary outcome of the study, using the English or Spanish language 10-item Low Literacy Decisional Conflict Scale. We considered a DCS score of 25 or less to be low, corresponding to limited conflict. All questions have 3 response categories: yes, no, unsure. Items are scored as 0 = yes, 2 = unsure, 4 = no. Scores for each of the 10 items are summed, divided by 2 and multiplied by 25 to calculate the total score. The final scores range from 0(no decisional conflict) to 100 (extremely high decisional conflict).

Enrollment: 281
Study Start Date: October 2006
Study Completion Date: February 2008
Primary Completion Date: September 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Abbreviated Consenting Procedure: Abbreviated HIV test counseling
abbreviated HIV pre-test counseling
Other Name: opt-out HIV testing
No Intervention: Standard Consenting

Detailed Description:

Approximately 40% of HIV-infected infants in the United States in 2000 were born to women not diagnosed with their HIV prior to delivery. (1) There are now effective medical therapies to prevent perinatal transmission, including anti-retroviral therapy, but this requires diagnoses of maternal HIV prior to delivery. Both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Institute of Medicine (IOM) have published strong recommendations for universal HIV-antibody testing of pregnant women.

This will be a randomized controlled, non-inferiority trial comparing two HIV testing strategies among English and Spanish-speaking patients presenting for prenatal care at SFGH WHC over the course of approximately one year. Eligible participants will be randomized by study personnel to either standard HIV counseling and testing (control arm) or abbreviated counseling and testing (study arm). Participants will receive a standard prenatal HIV testing brochure, undergo one of two HIV counseling/testing strategies, submit blood for an HIV-1 antibody test, and will follow-up with their medical provider for HIV test results. Upon completion of counseling, participants will undergo a short, structured (Pre-test) questionnaire administered by study staff. Following testing and receipt of results, participants will complete a second (Post-test) structured questionnaire administered by study staff.

Eligible women presenting to SFGH physician or midwife prenatal clinics will be recruited, consented and randomized by study staff to either the standard or abbreviated testing strategy. The outcomes studied will be patient satisfaction and the proportion of study participants who undergo HIV testing. Potential confounder variables to be measured will include demographic characteristics, prior HIV testing history, knowledge about HIV/AIDS, attitudes towards HIV testing, HIV test result, and type of provider (physician versus midwife).


Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women 16 years of age or above seeking prenatal care at San Francisco General Hospital

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who do not speak Spanish or English
  • Women younger than 16 years of age
  • Women who obtained an HIV test during the index pregnancy prior to initiation of prenatal care at SFGH
  • Women known to be infected with HIV at initiation of prenatal care at SFGH
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00503308

United States, California
UCSF, San Francisco General Hospital
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Principal Investigator: Deborah Cohan, MD University of California, San Francisco
  More Information

Rapid HIV testing of women in labor and delivery: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention, 2002.
Shapiro DE, Tuomala R, Samelson R, et al. Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission Rates According to Antiretroviral Therapy, Mode of Delivery, and Viral Load (PACTG 367): Abstract #114. 9th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, WA, 2002.
CDC. Progress Toward Elimination of Perinatal HIV Infection - Michigan, 1993-2000. MMWR 2002;51.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Deborah Cohan, UCSF Identifier: NCT00503308     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2004-0319
Study First Received: July 16, 2007
Results First Received: September 24, 2009
Last Updated: May 6, 2015

Keywords provided by University of California, San Francisco:
HIV Seronegativity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases processed this record on September 21, 2017