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Combination Chemotherapy and Nelarabine in Treating Patients With T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or Lymphoblastic Lymphoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00501826
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 16, 2007
Last Update Posted : May 9, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well combination chemotherapy and nelarabine work in treating patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia or lymphoblastic lymphoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, doxorubicin hydrochloride, dexamethasone, methotrexate, cytarabine, mercaptopurine, prednisone, pegaspargase, nelarabine, and venetoclax work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
T Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia T Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride Drug: Mercaptopurine Drug: Methotrexate Drug: Nelarabine Drug: Pegaspargase Drug: Prednisone Drug: Venetoclax Drug: Vincristine Sulfate Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the complete remission (CR) rate and progression-free survival following treatment with hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and dexamethasone (hyper-CVAD) in combination with nelarabine in previously untreated patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma.

II. To determine the safety and overall survival of previously untreated patients with T-cell ALL and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma.

III. To determine the safety and efficacy of adding pegaspargase to the regimen.

IV. To determine the safety and efficacy of adding venetoclax to the regimen.

OUTLINE:

COURSES 1, 3, 5, and 7 (hyper-CVAD): Patients receive cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) over 3 hours twice daily (BID) on day 1-3, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 24 hours on day 4, vincristine sulfate IV over 15-30 minutes on days 4 and 11, and dexamethasone IV or orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-4 and 11-14.

COURSES 2, 4, 6, and 8 (methotrexate/cytarabine): Patients receive methotrexate IV over 24 hours on day 1 and cytarabine IV over 2 hours BID on days 2 and 3.

Patients also receive venetoclax PO QD on days 1-14 of each course. Courses of hyper-CVAD and methotrexate/cytarabine repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients also receive nelarabine IV over 2 hours once daily (QD) for 5 days and pegaspargase IV over 2 hours on day 5 after completion of course 4 and after the completion of course 5 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE COURSES 1-5, 8-17, and 20-30 (mercaptopurine, vincristine sulfate, methotrexate, and prednisone [POMP]): Patients receive mercaptopurine PO thrice daily (TID), methotrexate PO once weekly, vincristine sulfate IV on day 1, prednisone PO QD on days 1-5, and venetoclax PO QD on days 1-7. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

INTENSIFICATION COURSES 6 and 7: Patients receive nelarabine IV QD over 2 hours on days 1-5 and pegaspargase IV over 2 hours on day 5. Patients also receive venetoclax PO QD on days 1-14. Courses repeat every 21-35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

INTENSIFICATION COURSES 18 and 19: Patients receive methotrexate IV over 2 hours on day 1, pegaspargase IV over 2 hours on day 2, and venetoclax PO QD on days 1-14 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

POMP maintenance therapy continues for 30 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3-6 months.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 160 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Hyper-CVAD Plus Nelarabine in Previously Untreated T-ALL and Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Actual Study Start Date : July 11, 2007
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 31, 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (nelarabine and combination chemotherapy)
See Detailed Description
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Drug: Cytarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • .beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • Alexan
  • Ara-C
  • ARA-cell
  • Arabine
  • Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • Arabinosylcytosine
  • Aracytidine
  • Aracytin
  • Aracytine
  • Beta-cytosine Arabinoside
  • CHX-3311
  • Cytarabinum
  • Cytarbel
  • Cytosar
  • Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Cytosine-.beta.-arabinoside
  • Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
  • Erpalfa
  • Starasid
  • Tarabine PFS
  • U 19920
  • U-19920
  • Udicil
  • WR-28453

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • Visumetazone

Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex

Drug: Mercaptopurine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 3H-Purine-6-thiol
  • 6 MP
  • 6 Thiohypoxanthine
  • 6 Thiopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine Monohydrate
  • 6-MP
  • 6-Purinethiol
  • 6-Thiopurine
  • 6-Thioxopurine
  • 6H-Purine-6-thione, 1,7-dihydro- (9CI)
  • 7-Mercapto-1,3,4,6-tetrazaindene
  • Alti-Mercaptopurine
  • Azathiopurine
  • BW 57-323H
  • Flocofil
  • Ismipur
  • Leukerin
  • Leupurin
  • Mercaleukim
  • Mercaleukin
  • Mercaptina
  • Mercaptopurinum
  • Mercapurin
  • Mern
  • NCI-C04886
  • Puri-Nethol
  • Purimethol
  • Purine, 6-mercapto-
  • Purine-6-thiol (8CI)
  • Purine-6-thiol, monohydrate
  • Purinethiol
  • Purinethol
  • U-4748
  • WR-2785

Drug: Methotrexate
Given IV and PO
Other Names:
  • Abitrexate
  • Alpha-Methopterin
  • Amethopterin
  • Brimexate
  • CL 14377
  • CL-14377
  • Emtexate
  • Emthexat
  • Emthexate
  • Farmitrexat
  • Fauldexato
  • Folex
  • Folex PFS
  • Lantarel
  • Ledertrexate
  • Lumexon
  • Maxtrex
  • Medsatrexate
  • Metex
  • Methoblastin
  • Methotrexate LPF
  • Methotrexate Methylaminopterin
  • Methotrexatum
  • Metotrexato
  • Metrotex
  • Mexate
  • Mexate-AQ
  • MTX
  • Novatrex
  • Rheumatrex
  • Texate
  • Tremetex
  • Trexeron
  • Trixilem
  • WR-19039

Drug: Nelarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-Amino-6-methoxypurine arabinoside
  • 506U78
  • Arranon
  • Compound 506U78
  • GW506U78

Drug: Pegaspargase
Given IV
Other Names:
  • L-Asparaginase with Polyethylene Glycol
  • Oncaspar
  • PEG-Asparaginase
  • PEG-L-Asparaginase
  • PEG-L-Asparaginase (Enzon - Kyowa Hakko)
  • PEGLA
  • Polyethylene Glycol L-Asparaginase
  • Polyethylene Glycol-L-Asparaginase

Drug: Prednisone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • .delta.1-Cortisone
  • 1, 2-Dehydrocortisone
  • Adasone
  • Cortancyl
  • Dacortin
  • DeCortin
  • Decortisyl
  • Decorton
  • Delta 1-Cortisone
  • Delta-Dome
  • Deltacortene
  • Deltacortisone
  • Deltadehydrocortisone
  • Deltasone
  • Deltison
  • Deltra
  • Econosone
  • Lisacort
  • Meprosona-F
  • Metacortandracin
  • Meticorten
  • Ofisolona
  • Orasone
  • Panafcort
  • Panasol-S
  • Paracort
  • PRED
  • Predicor
  • Predicorten
  • Prednicen-M
  • Prednicort
  • Prednidib
  • Prednilonga
  • Predniment
  • Prednisonum
  • Prednitone
  • Promifen
  • Servisone
  • SK-Prednisone

Drug: Venetoclax
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ABT-0199
  • ABT-199
  • ABT199
  • GDC-0199
  • RG7601
  • Venclexta

Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Kyocristine
  • Leurocristine sulfate
  • Leurocristine, sulfate
  • Oncovin
  • Vincasar
  • Vincosid
  • Vincrex
  • Vincristine, sulfate




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete remission rate [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The sample size will provide an estimate of relapse rate at 3 years with a 95% confidence interval of width +/- 10%.

  2. Duration of remission [ Time Frame: Up to 9 years ]
    Duration of remission will be evaluated.

  3. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Progression-free survival will be estimated.

  4. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Overall survival will be estimated.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Previously untreated T cell ALL including T cell lymphoblastic lymphoma; failure to one induction course of chemotherapy are eligible; patients in CR after =< 2 courses are also eligible
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status less than or equal to 3
  • Serum bilirubin less than or equal to 2.0 mg/dL unless considered due to involvement by tumor when an upper limit of 5.0 mg/dL is acceptable
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) less than or equal to 4 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 2.0 mg/dL unless considered due to involvement by tumor when an upper limit of 2.5 mg/dL is acceptable

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or nursing women

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00501826


Contacts
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Contact: Farhad Ravandi-Kashani, MD 713-745-0394

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Farhad Ravandi-Kashani    713-745-0394      
Principal Investigator: Farhad Ravandi-Kashani         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Farhad Ravandi-Kashani M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00501826     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2006-0328
NCI-2012-01518 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2006-0328 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 16, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 9, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Leukemia
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Prednisone
Cortisone
Dexamethasone acetate
Cyclophosphamide
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Methotrexate
Cytarabine
Vincristine
Venetoclax
Asparaginase
Mercaptopurine
Pegaspargase
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents