Primary Outcome Measures:
Preliminary data show Optical Breast Spectroscopy (OBS)has the ability to detect tissue differences with various pathologies and age-related changes in breast tissue over a two year period. In the present study, we want to determine whether OBS has the ability to detect optical differences between women who harbor a mutation in the breast cancer susceptibility gene, BrCa1 or BrCa2, and their age-matched controls (non-carriers). More specifically, possible differences in the breast tissue at time of enrollment into the study (reflecting changes potentially occurring in adolescence) and in the rate of breast tissue change over time (reflecting rate of tissue transformation from normal to ultimately malignant state). The overall goal is to develop a pre-screening technique to survey or monitor the risk of breast tissue and to advise the earliest point when imaging techniques (e.g. MRI) should be initiated or when more drastic primary prevention measures are recommended.