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Sunitinib in Treating Patients With Recurrent Malignant Gliomas

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00499473
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 11, 2007
Results First Posted : February 29, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 29, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial is studying how well sunitinib works in treating patients with recurrent malignant gliomas. Sunitinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adult Anaplastic Astrocytoma Adult Diffuse Astrocytoma Adult Giant Cell Glioblastoma Adult Glioblastoma Adult Gliosarcoma Adult Mixed Glioma Adult Oligodendroglioma Adult Pineal Gland Astrocytoma Drug: sunitinib malate Other: pharmacological study Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To assess the efficacy of sunitinib malate in patients with recurrent malignant gliomas as measured by 6-month progression-free survival.

II. To determine the lower of the dose of sunitinib malate in patients receiving enzyme-inducing anti-convulsants that would achieve similar serum drug and metabolite concentrations as that in patients not receiving enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants or the maximum tolerated dose in the same population.


I. To examine the toxicity and safety of sunitinib malate in patients with the above noted tumors.

II. To evaluate tumor responses in the stated patients. III. To evaluate progression-free and overall survival in the stated patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to use of enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants (EIAC) (yes vs no).

STRATUM 1 (non-EIAC): Patients receive oral sunitinib malate once daily for 4 consecutive weeks followed by 2 weeks of rest.

STRATUM 2 (EIAC & OSU patients only): Patients receive oral sunitinib malate as in stratum 1. Patients receive escalating doses of oral sunitinib malate until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined.

Patients undergo blood sample collection periodically for pharmacokinetic studies. Samples are analyzed for plasma concentrations of sunitinib malate via LC/MS/MS method.

In both strata, treatment repeats every 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 31 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pharmacokinetic and Phase 2 Study of Sunitinib Malate in Recurrent Malignant Gliomas
Study Start Date : June 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Stratum 1 (kinase inhibitor therapy)
Non-EIAC patients receive oral sunitinib malate once daily for 4 consecutive weeks followed by 2 weeks of rest.
Drug: sunitinib malate
Given orally
Other Names:
  • SU11248
  • sunitinib
  • Sutent

Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Experimental: Stratum 2 (kinase inhibitor therapy)
EIAC & OSU patients receive oral sunitinib malate as in stratum 1. Patients receive escalating doses of oral sunitinib malate until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined.
Drug: sunitinib malate
Given orally
Other Names:
  • SU11248
  • sunitinib
  • Sutent

Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival at 6 Months (Stratum 1) [ Time Frame: From time to registration to up to 6 months ]
    Number of patients with Progression-free Survival at 6 months for Stratum 1

  2. Maximum Tolerable Dose Based on Dose-limiting Toxicity of Sunitinib in Patients Receiving EIAC (Stratum 2) [ Time Frame: From the time of first treatment with sunitinib until completion of treatment, assessed up to 30 days ]
    Maximum tolerable dose of sunitinib in patients receiving treatment with EIAC agents using dose escalation based on the steady-state trough sunitinib + SU12662 plasma concentrations on day 14 observed in patients treated in stratum 1. Six patients will be treated in each dose cohort with up to 12 patients being treated at the maximum tolerable dose for a total of 18-24 patients with gliomas receiving EIAC.

  3. Dose Resulting in Steady-state Trough [ Time Frame: At baseline (day 8) and days 15, 22, and 23 ]
    Average of pre-dose values of sunitinib + SU12662 plasma concentrations equivalent to that observed in patients not receiving EIAC based on pharmacokinetic modeling.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Confirmed Objective Response (Complete Response[CR] or Partial Response [PR]) [ Time Frame: up to 12 weeks ]
    Confirmatory scans should also be obtained within 4 to 6 weeks following initial documentation of objective response. Confidence intervals for the true proportion will be calculated using the exact binomial method. Per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0) for target lesions and assessed by MRI: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Overall Response (OR) = CR + PR.

  2. Percentage of Patients Progression Free at 12 Months [ Time Frame: At 12 months after the start of treatment ]
  3. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: up to 12 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Stratum 1:

    • Currently not receiving an enzyme-inducing anticonvulsant

      • Patients receiving non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants are eligible for this stratum
    • Histologically confirmed WHO grade IV astrocytoma (glioblastoma multiforme [GBM]) including gliosarcoma
  • Stratum 2 (USA patients only):

    • Currently on stable dose of an enzyme-inducing anticonvulsant (with confirmed therapeutic serum levels) for at least 2 weeks prior to study registration including any of the following:

      • Phenytoin
      • Carbamazepine
      • Phenobarbital
    • Histologically confirmed grade IV astrocytoma (GBM), gliosarcoma, grade III astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, or mixed oligoastrocytoma
  • All patients must have unequivocal evidence of tumor progression by MRI or CT scan performed no longer than 14 days prior to study registration

    • Patients undergoing surgery for progressive disease with nonmeasurable disease on post-operative MRI, ideally obtained within 48 hours of surgery, (i.e., macroscopic gross total resection) are eligible
  • ECOG performance status 0-2 (Karnofsky ≥ 60%)
  • Life expectancy > 3 months
  • Leukocytes ≥ 3,000/μL
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/μL
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Serum calcium ≤ 12.0 mg/dL
  • Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits (ULN)
  • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤ 2.5 X institutional ULN
  • Creatinine < 1.5 X institutional ULN
  • Patients must have QTc < 500 msec
  • The following groups of patients are eligible provided they have New York Heart Association class II cardiac function on baseline ECHO or MUGA:

    • Those with a history of class II heart failure who are asymptomatic on treatment
    • Those with prior anthracycline exposure
    • Those who have received central thoracic radiation that included the heart in the radiotherapy port
  • Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control or abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation

    • All women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to receiving sunitinib malate
  • Patients with a history of QTc prolongation (defined as a QTc interval >= 500 msec), serious ventricular arrhythmia (VT or VF > 3 beats in a row) or other significant ECG abnormalities are excluded
  • Patients with poorly controlled hypertension (systolic BP ≥ 140 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mm Hg) are ineligible
  • Patients with any condition (e.g., gastrointestinal tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication or a requirement for IV alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, or active peptic ulcer disease) that impairs their ability to swallow and retain sunitinib malate tablets are excluded
  • Patients with any of the following conditions are excluded:

    • Serious or non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
    • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 28 days of treatment
    • History of myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmia, stable or unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure, or coronary or peripheral artery bypass graft or stenting within 12 months prior to study entry
    • Class III or IV heart failure as defined by the NYHA functional classification system
  • Patients with a pre-existing thyroid abnormality who are unable to maintain thyroid function in the normal range with medication are ineligible
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infections requiring antibiotics or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements are ineligible
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study
  • Breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with sunitinib malate
  • Patients are eligible if they received up to 1 previous chemotherapy regimen
  • ≥ 12 weeks must have elapsed from the completion of radiation therapy
  • ≥ 4 weeks from previous non-nitrosoureas-based cytotoxic chemotherapy
  • ≥ 6 weeks from any nitrosoureas
  • ≥ 2 weeks from last cytostatic chemotherapy such as erlotinib hydrochloride or tamoxifen
  • Patients who have undergone previous stereotactic radiosurgery, intratumoral chemotherapy, or brachytherapy are eligible if functional imaging (PET or SPECT scan, MR spectroscopy, or dynamic MRI) supports the diagnosis of recurrent tumor or recurrent disease is confirmed histologically
  • Concurrent steroids allowed provided the patients is on a stable or decreasing dose for at least 7 days prior to baseline tumor assessment (MRI and/or CT scan)
  • Patients who have received prior treatment with any other antiangiogenic agent (e.g., bevacizumab, sorafenib, pazopanib, AZD2171, PTK787, or VEGF Trap) are ineligible
  • Patients who require use of therapeutic doses of coumarin-derivative anticoagulants such as warfarin or enoxaparin are excluded, although warfarin doses of up to 2 mg daily are permitted for prophylaxis of thrombosis

    • Low molecular weight heparin is permitted provided the patient's PT INR is < 1.5
  • Use of agents with proarrhythmic potential (e.g., terfenadine, quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide, sotalol, probucol, bepridil, haloperidol, risperidone, indapamide, or flecainide) is not permitted during the study
  • No other investigational or commercial agents or non-investigational therapy designed to treat the brain malignancy (i.e., radiation therapy, systemic or intratumoral chemotherapy, biological agents, immunotherapy, or hormonal therapy) is allowed during the study period
  • HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to sunitinib malate
  • Patients who have had chemotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) or radiation therapy within 12 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier

    • At least 4 weeks must have elapsed since any major surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00499473

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United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Robert Cavaliere Ohio State University
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00499473    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00215
NCI-2009-00215 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
OSU 06060 ( Other Identifier: Ohio State University Medical Center )
7745 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
N01CM62207 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
N01CM62203 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA016058 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
N01CM62206 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 11, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 29, 2016
Last Update Posted: February 29, 2016
Last Verified: January 2016
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action