Study of the Effectiveness of Quetiapine for the Treatment of Alcohol Dependency
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00498628|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 10, 2007
Results First Posted : May 30, 2012
Last Update Posted : March 19, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Alcoholism Alcohol Abuse||Drug: Quetiapine fumarate Other: Placebo||Phase 2|
This study will investigate quetiapine fumarate XR (SEROQUEL XR®), a dibenzothiazepine derivative, as a potential medication for treating alcohol dependence. The immediate release form of quetiapine fumarate, SEROQUEL XR®, is approved by the FDA for treatment of schizophrenia and acute manic episodes associated with bipolar disorder. The extended release formulation (SEROQUEL XR®) is also approved by the FDA and is undergoing clinical investigation for the treatment of major depressive disorders, schizophrenia, generalized anxiety disorder, and alcohol dependence.
Treatment with other atypical antipsychotics such as clozapine and olanzapine has resulted in decreases in alcohol use in alcohol dependent patients with and without comorbid psychiatric diagnoses. Quetiapine, like clozapine, appears to have efficacy in reducing drug and alcohol use among alcoholics and drug dependent patients with co-morbid psychiatric illness.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||224 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)|
|Official Title:||A Phase 2, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Trial to Assess the Efficacy of Quetiapine Fumarate Extended Release for the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence in Very Heavy Drinkers.|
|Study Start Date :||December 2007|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||August 2009|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 2010|
Quetiapine fumarate plus medical management
Drug: Quetiapine fumarate
Quetiapine fumarate- taken daily, for 12 weeks
Other Name: SEROQUEL XR
Placebo Comparator: 2
Medical management plus placebo comparator
- Percent Heavy Drinking Days [ Time Frame: Weeks 3 - 11 ]A heavy drinking day is defined as 5 or more drinks for men and 4 or more drinks for women during a 24 hour period.
- Percent Days Abstinent [ Time Frame: Weeks 3-11 ]Timeline Follow-back drinking data is used to calculate the % of days abstinent per week during Weeks 3-11
- Drinks Per Drinking Day [ Time Frame: Study Weeks 3-11 ]Timeline Follow Back daily drinking data used to calculate the weekly mean drinks per drinking day
- Drinks Per Day [ Time Frame: Study Weeks 3-11 ]Timeline Follow Back daily drinking data used to calculate the weekly mean drinks per day
- Percent Very Heavy Drinking Day [ Time Frame: Study Weeks 3-11 ]Timeline Follow Back data used to calculate the % of very heavy drinking days per week. Heavy drinking is 10+ drinks per day for females and 12+ drinks per day for males
- Percent Subjects Abstinent [ Time Frame: Study Weeks 3-11 ]Timeline Follow Back data used to calculate the % of subjects that maintained abstinence weeks 3-11.
- Percent Subjects With no Heavy Drinking Day [ Time Frame: Study Weeks 3-11 ]Timeline Follow Back data used to calculate the % of subjects that didn't have a heavy drinking day during study weeks 3-11.
- Drinking Consequences Score [ Time Frame: Weeks 6 & 12 ]Drinkers Inventory of Consequences (DrInC) - Alcohol-related problems are determined using the DrInC (Miller et al., 1995). The DrInC is a self-administered 50-item questionnaire designed to measure adverse consequences of alcohol abuse in five areas: Interpersonal, Physical, Social, Impulsive, and Intrapersonal. Each scale provides a lifetime and past 3-month measure of adverse consequences, and scales can be combined to assess total adverse consequences. We used a modified version of the DrInC that just included the 45-items that summed the Interpersonal, Physical, Social, and Impulsivity items. This total score (min=0, max=135) was analyzed in this study with high scores indicative of more alcohol-related consequences (a poor outcome for a given study participant). The DrInC was assessed at study weeks 6 and 12. Analyses averaged across these weeks.
- Penn Alcohol Craving Score (PACS_ [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 ]The Penn Alcohol Craving Scale (PACS) is a five-item, self-report measure that includes questions about the frequency, intensity, and duration of craving, the ability to resist drinking, and asks for an overall rating of craving for alcohol for the previous week (Flannery et al., 1999). The summed total score of the 5 items was used in the analysis (min=0, max=30) with higher scores indicative of higher craving for alcohol (a poor outcome). Based on clinical study results, the PACS has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of alcohol craving and can predict subjects at risk for subsequent relapse. The PACS was assessed at study weeks 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12. Analyses averaged across these weeks.
- Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) [ Time Frame: Weeks 3-11 ]The MADRS is an observer rating scale that has proven to be an efficient and practical measure of depression (Montgomery and Asberg, 1979). The scale was constructed to be sensitive to changes in treatment effects. Its capacity to differentiate between responders and non-responders to antidepressant treatment has been shown to be comparable to the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, another established measure of depressive symptomatology, but the MADRS has greater sensitivity to change during the course of a depressive phase. It has exhibited high inter-rater reliability and appears to be oriented more towards psychic as opposed to somatic aspects of depression. The MADRS is the sum of the 10-item in a checklist where items are rated on a scale of 0 to 6 with anchors at 2-point intervals. Scores range from 0 to 60. Higher scores are indicative of greater depressive symptoms (a poor outcome). The MADRS was assessed at weeks 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12. Analyses averaged across these weeks.
- Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 ]The Hamilton Anxiety Scale consists of 14 items, each defined by a series of symptoms. Similar to the HAM-D, each item is rated on a 5-point scale, ranging from 0 (not present) to 4 (severe) (Guy, 1976). A total score is derived from the summed items (min=0, max=56) with higher scores indicative of greater anxiety (a poor outcome). The HAM-A was assessed at study weeks 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12. Analyses averaged across these weeks.
- Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Score [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 12 ]The PSQI is a 19-item questionnaire assessing the subject's overall sleep experience in the past 30 days (Buysse et al-1989). The lower the overall score, the better the person sleeps. The tool has an adequate internal reliability, validity and consistency for clinical and community samples of the various populations. Range is (0-21); >6 indicative of "poor" sleep quality. The PSQI was assessed at study weeks 4,8, and 12. Analyses averaged across these weeks.
- Quality of Life SF - 12 - Mental Aggregate Score [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]The SF-12 will be used to assess overall health status. The SF-12 is a 12-item questionnaire developed in 1994 as a shorter alternative to the SF-36 to reproduce the physical and mental health summary measures with at least 90% accuracy. We calculated the physical and mental component summary scores which were both converted to T-scores (min=0, max=100) normed to the general population such that a T=50 is the average score in the general population. Higher scores are indicative of better health status.
- Quality of Life SF-12 - Physical Aggregate Score [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]The SF-12 will be used to assess overall health status. The SF-12 is a 12-item questionnaire developed in 1994 as a shorter alternative to the SF-36 to reproduce the physical and mental health summary measures with at least 90% accuracy. We calculated the physical and mental component summary scores which were both converted to T-scores (min=0, max=100) normed to the general population such that a T=50 is the average score in the general population. Higher scores are indicative of better health status.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00498628
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Boston University School of Medicine, Psychiatry Clinical Studies Unit|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118|
|United States, New Hampshire|
|Dartmouth Medical School, Dept. of Psychiatry|
|Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, 03755|
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pennsylvania, Treatment Research Center|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104|
|United States, Rhode Island|
|Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies|
|Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 12906|
|United States, Vermont|
|White River Junction VA Medical Center|
|White River Junction, Vermont, United States, 05009|
|United States, Virginia|
|University of Virginia, Dept. of Psychiatric Medicine|
|Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22908|
|University of Virginia|
|Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23294|
|Study Director:||Raye Z. Litten, PhD||National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)|
|Principal Investigator:||Margaret E. Mattson, PhD||National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)|
|Principal Investigator:||Joanne Fertig, PhD||National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)|