A Pilot Study of Priming Before Induction Termination of Pregnancy
Induction termination of pregnancy (second trimester abortion) has a median time of 14 hours from the start of medication (misoprostol) to expulsion of the fetus. The objective of this study is to evaluate a method of 'priming' on the length of induction termination of pregnancy. "Priming" refers to the use of medication to ready the cervix and uterus so that the uterus is more sensitive to medication and contracts more effectively, and also refers to softening of the cervix so that there is less resistance to dilation. Priming is used extensively before induction of labor for term pregnancy and is also used extensively before surgical abortion in second trimester. We would like to add priming the evening before induction to the usual treatment and evaluate whether the length of the induction process is shortened. Women are admitted to the hospital in the morning to start misoprostol medication, and unless expulsion occurs within 8-10 hours, need to stay overnight.
The study design is to give the priming dose 12 hours before admission. The outcome of interest is the induction time from the first dose on misoprostol in the hospital to expulsion of the fetus.
This study aims to assess whether the use of misoprostol as a priming agent would be beneficial with women who undergo induction termination of pregnancy.
|Abortion, Induced Abortion, Second Trimester||Drug: Addition of misoprostol 25 mcg 12 hours before induction|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study of Priming Before Induction Termination of Pregnancy|
- Length of time between the start and the finish of the induction [ Time Frame: 24 h ]
- incidence of nausea and cramping [ Time Frame: 24 h ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Drug: Addition of misoprostol 25 mcg 12 hours before induction
This is a prospective series. All women enrolled will receive the same treatment. 10 women without prior births and 10 women with prior births will be enrolled. The study design is to give the priming dose 12 hours before admission.
The outcome of interest is the induction time from the first dose on misoprostol in the hospital to expulsion of the fetus.
Inclusion criteria: Women who have requested induction abortion and completed the counseling and consent process for abortion. Women 18 years of age or over. Capable of giving informed consent. Speak English or Spanish Pregnancy 18-23 weeks. No contraindication to misoprostol abortion
Exclusion criteria: Unable to understand and give informed consent. Pregnancy less than 18 weeks or over 23 weeks on the day of enrollment. Ruptured membranes or signs of infection (temperature over 100.6 F,WBC >15K) Fetal demise Multi-fetal pregnancy Contraindication to any of the agents used for misoprostol induction abortion
After women have started the abortion process (completed counseling and consent for abortion, and completed the fetocidal digoxin injection), they will be approached by one of the investigators. The procedures and the consent process will be explained. If they consent, they will be given an envelope which contains 50 mcg of misoprostol (1/2 of a 100 mcg tablet). They will be instructed to place the tablet buccally and hold it in place for 30 minutes, after which it can be swallowed, between 8 and 9 pm that evening.
They will return at 7 am the next morning; the actual induction process starts between 8 and 10 am depending on the bed situation. The reminder of the care is identical to women not in the study and consists of misoprostol 400 every 6 hours. The only step that will be from the current induction process is the administration of the priming dose the night before.
The duration of participation for individuals is up to 48 hours. The study overall will take one year.
This is a pilot study to estimate the effect on induction times, and to monitor for any adverse events. This pilot will be the basis of further study.
When the sample size is 19, a two-sided 95.0% confidence interval for a single mean will have an interval that extends no more than 1.5 from the observed mean, assuming that the true standard deviation is 3.25 and that the confidence interval is based on the t statistic. The "typical" mean is 14 hours and the 95% confidence interval around 12.5 hours is 11hours to 14 hours.
The primary outcome is the induction time, the time from start of induction until fetal expulsion. As there are about 80 induction procedures per year, and past studies have enrolled 50-60% of eligible women, it will take approximately 6 months to complete enrollment.
The length of induction will be described and the mean will be contrasted to a typical value (14 hours) . Minor events such as nausea will be tabulated. There will be a sub-analysis of outcome by parity (women without prior births compared to women with prior births). This study is not powered to show differences between these two groups but this information wil be helpful in planning future studies.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00495560
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Boston Medical Center|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118|
|Principal Investigator:||Nilda L Moreno-Ruiz, MD||Boston University|