The Effect of Pioglitazone on Neointima Volume and Inflammatory Markers
People with diabetes mellitus are more prone to coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease, and diabetes mellitus has been regarded as an independent risk factor for the progression of coronary artery disease. Several studies have been reported that diabetes increased the risk of cardiovascular mortality in both men and women. With the introduction of drug-eluting stents (DESs), the angiographic rates of restenosis at later months have reduced dramatically in several studies. However, even with DESs, diabetic patients showed increased rates of restenosis and late loss index compared with nondiabetic patients. Diabetes has been considered to be a predictor of poor prognosis after percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents. Long-term clinical and angiographic outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-metal stents (DESs) have been demonstrated to be worse in diabetic patients compared with nondiabetic patients. In the era of DESs, no study has demonstrated the clinical and angiographic outcomes in diabetic patients after zotarolimus-eluting stent implantation by using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).
Pioglitazone is used in the treatment of diabetic patients. Thiazolidinediones increase insulin sensitivity and show favorable effect on blood glucose levels and lipid profiles. The effect of pioglitazone on neointima volume and inflammatory markers has not been compared in prospective manner after zotarolimus-eluting stent implantation. The purpose of this prospective, randomized, single blinded trial is to compare the effect of pioglitazone on inflammatory markers and neointima volume by using IVUS in diabetic patients.
|Diabetes Mellitus Coronary Artery Stenosis||Drug: Pioglitazone Drug: Placebo||Phase 4|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase 4 Study of Pioglitazone on Neointima Volume and Inflammatory Markers in Diabetic Patients|
- Comparison of pioglitazone and placebo on 8 months follow-up neointima volume by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). [ Time Frame: 8 month follow-up ]
- Comparison of pioglitazone and placebo on the changes in the levels of inflammatory markers (hsCRP, IL-6, TNF-α, adiponectin). [ Time Frame: 8 months follow-up ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Actos group: pioglitazone 15mg or 30mg
Actos 15mg once a day before breakfast
Other Name: Actos
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo group: placebo without active medication
Placebo drug with the same appearance as actos
With the introduction of the DES, the angiographic rates of restenosis have decreased dramatically but less prominently in diabetic patients. Even in the era of DES, diabetes remains a significant predictor of coronary restenosis especially in cases of small baseline and post PCI vessel size, longer stent length, current smokers, and high level of CRP. Restenosis remains a main clinical and angiographic concern after DES implantation especially in diabetic patients. Diabetes has been known as a major risk factor for in-stent restenosis after DES implantation.
- Primary end point: Comparison of pioglitazone and placebo on 8 months follow-up neointima volume by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).
- Secondary end point: Comparison of pioglitazone and placebo on the changes in the levels of inflammatory markers (hsCRP, IL-6, TNF-α, adiponectin).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00494559
|Korea, Republic of|
|Korea University Anam Hospital|
|Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 136-705|
|Principal Investigator:||Soon Jun Hong, MD, PhD||Korea University Anam Hospital|
|Study Director:||Sang Yup Lim, MD, PhD||Korea University Anam Hospital|