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Phase 2b Study of GAM501 in the Treatment of Diabetic Ulcers of the Lower Extremities (MATRIX)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00493051
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 27, 2007
Last Update Posted : February 10, 2010
Cardium Therapeutics
Information provided by:
Tissue Repair Company

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase 2b, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of one or two applications of topically applied GAM501 (Ad5PDGF-B/Bovine Type I Collagen Gel) in subjects ≥ 18 years old with non-healing diabetic foot ulcers. Approximately 210 adult subjects with Type I or Type II diabetes mellitus will be enrolled at approximately 30 investigational sites in the United States.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetic Foot Biological: GAM501 Biological: Placebo Other: Standard of care Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 124 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Single- and Double-Dose, Comparator Arm (Standard of Care), Multicenter Phase 2b Study of Topical GAM501 (Ad5PDGF-B/Bovine Type I Collagen Gel) in the Treatment of Non-Healing Diabetic Ulcers of the Lower Extremities
Study Start Date : November 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Standardized Wound Care
Other: Standard of care
moist dressing changes daily

Placebo Comparator: 2
Placebo 1 dose
Biological: Placebo
Collagen gel

Placebo Comparator: 3
Placebo 2 doses
Biological: Placebo
Collagen gel

Active Comparator: 4
Active 1 dose
Biological: GAM501
Ad5PDGF-B formulated in a collagen gel
Other Name: Excellarate

Active Comparator: 5
Active 2 doses
Biological: GAM501
Ad5PDGF-B formulated in a collagen gel
Other Name: Excellarate

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Effect of GAM501 on the incidence of complete ulcer closure [ Time Frame: Week 12 or earlier ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to complete ulcer closure [ Time Frame: The time from treatment start to first visit when ulcer closure is documented ]
  2. The absolute change and percent change in ulcer area [ Time Frame: From baseline ulcer area and measured at weekly intervals through week 12 ]
  3. The durability of ulcer closure [ Time Frame: Measured at 4 week intervals for 12 weeks from date of ulcer closure ]
  4. Ulcer healing trajectories will be assessed by plots of percentage of ulcer closure versus time [ Time Frame: Week 12 or earlier ]
  5. Safety and tolerance [ Time Frame: Week 12 or earlier ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 years or older
  • Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (Type I or II) requiring insulin or hypoglycemic agents to control blood sugars.
  • Cutaneous, lower extremity ulcer of the foot that is ≥1.5 and ≤10.0 cm² in size and Wagner Classification Grade 1 in appearance. Note - Ulcer area must be calculated at Screening Visit and on the Treatment Day (Day 1) using measurements obtained by tracing the ulcer perimeter after debridement to confirm patient eligibility prior to randomization.
  • Documented ulcer presence for ≥6 weeks prior to signing the informed consent form
  • Recently debrided ulcer (within 2 weeks from screening visit)
  • Ulcer free of all necrotic soft tissue
  • Affected limb transcutaneous partial pressure oxygen (TcpO2) >40mmHg; or a toe pressure ≥40mmHg; or a Doppler waveform consistent with adequate flow in the foot (biphasic or triphasic waveforms) at screening
  • Inability to perceive 10 grams pressure using a Semmes-Weinstein 5.07 monofilament in the peri-ulcer area
  • Willing to adhere to wearing off-loading orthopedic shoe for up to 16 weeks (i.e., through 2 weeks after ulcer closure) starting on Day -14 (the first day of the screening run-in period)
  • Willing to adhere to wearing customized shoes during the durability phase of the study
  • Females of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (ßhCG) test result from a sample obtained in the 7 days prior to Treatment Day 1 and be neither breastfeeding nor intending to become pregnant during the study
  • All individuals (study patients/partners) of childbearing potential must agree to use a method of contraception deemed acceptable by the Investigator or agree to remain abstinent throughout the study
  • Be able to understand and sign an informed consent form before entering into the study, and must be willing to comply with all study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any unstable medical condition judged by the Investigator or Medical Monitor that would cause the study to be detrimental to the patient
  • Hemoglobin Alc (HbA1c) test result of >12% documented at the Screening Visit
  • Ulcers caused primarily by untreated vascular insufficiency; or ulcers with an etiology not related to diabetes
  • Ulcers on the heel
  • More than three ulcers on the target lower extremity
  • The ulcer to be studied is not anatomically distinct from another ulcer(s) (i.e., separated by <1 cm from another ulcer or would interfere with standard of care treatment of another ulcer). Only a single ulcer can be treated in this study.
  • Ulcers which decrease in area by >30% during the screening 2-week run-in period
  • Ulcers with underlying osteomyelitis
  • Patients presenting with the clinical characteristics of cellulitis at the ulcer site (suppurative inflammation involving particularly the subcutaneous tissue, often mild erythema, tenderness, malaise, chills and fever)
  • If either beta hemolytic streptococci (in any amount) or total bacterial load of >1e6 CFU/gram of tissue is present in the screening biopsy sample at the ulcer site, the patient should be given a single 7-day course of topical antibiotics and then redebrided and biopsied for quantitative culture. A second biopsy exceeding the limits above will result in exclusion from the study due to the high risk of local infection than may adversely affect ulcer closure.
  • Revascularization surgery on the leg with the wound to be treated ≤8 weeks prior to signing the informed consent form
  • Surgery to lengthen Achilles tendon on the leg with the wound to be treated ≤8 weeks prior to signing the informed consent form
  • Necrosis, purulence, or sinus tracts that cannot be removed by debridement on foot to be treated
  • Needs concurrent topical antimicrobials to treat the ulcer site, or received such therapies within 7 days prior to signing the informed consent form
  • Received dermal substitute or living skin equivalent (e.g., Dermagraft® or Appligraf®) within 30 days prior to signing the informed consent form
  • Received prior PDGF-BB (Regranex®/becaplermin) therapy within 30 days prior to signing the informed consent form
  • Has known sensitivity to products of bovine origin
  • Life expectancy of less than 12 months
  • Patients with a definite diagnosis of any immunodeficiency disorder
  • Viral hepatitis [patient must have a negative hepatitis B surface-antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis C antibody (HepCAb) test results obtained within 2 weeks prior to the Treatment Day (Day 1)]
  • Active, uncontrolled connective tissue disease
  • Renal failure as defined by serum creatinine >2.5 mg/dL
  • Liver function studies (e.g., AST, ALT) that are >2.0 times upper limit of normal
  • Poor nutritional status as measured by serum albumin <3.0 g/dL
  • Active cancer or a history of cancer in the 5 years prior to signing the informed consent form (however, history of basal cell carcinoma is allowed)
  • Active (i.e., recent onset of erythema, edema, and increased temperature of the foot with normal radiographs ) Charcot or other structural deformity that would prevent adequate off-loading of the study foot
  • Treatment with any systemic corticosteroid, immunosuppressive chemotherapeutic agent, antiviral, or previous/current radiation therapy to lower extremity within 30 days prior to signing the informed consent form
  • Received another investigational drug or biologic within 30 days prior to signing the informed consent form or currently participating in an investigational drug or biologic study
  • A psychiatric condition or chronic alcohol or drug abuse problem, determined from the patient's medical history, which in the Investigator's opinion may pose a threat to patient compliance
  • History of non-compliance with treatment or clinical visit attendance (i.e., this study requires that patients will comply with the protocol and ulcer care regimen)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00493051

Show Show 29 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tissue Repair Company
Cardium Therapeutics
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Study Chair: Jeff Kittrelle, MD Tissue Repair Company, 6740 Top Gun St, San Diego, CA 92121 USA, 858-259-4511
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Barbara Sosnowski/ Chief Operating Officer, Tissue Repair Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00493051    
Other Study ID Numbers: SWHI-03
First Posted: June 27, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 10, 2010
Last Verified: February 2010
Keywords provided by Tissue Repair Company:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetic Foot
Diabetic Angiopathies
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Foot Ulcer
Leg Ulcer
Skin Ulcer
Skin Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Endocrine System Diseases
Diabetic Neuropathies