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Yoga for Women Attempting Smoking Cessation

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified July 2010 by The Miriam Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Information provided by:
The Miriam Hospital Identifier:
First received: June 25, 2007
Last updated: July 19, 2010
Last verified: July 2010
The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility, acceptability and initial effectiveness of adding yoga to a traditional, group-based treatment for smoking cessation for women smokers.

Condition Intervention Phase
Behavioral: yoga
Behavioral: cognitive therapy
Behavioral: wellness
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Yoga for Women Attempting Smoking Cessation: an Initial Investigation

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by The Miriam Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • smoking cessation: 7-day point prevalence abstinence [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Acceptability: recruitment, retention, adherence to protocol [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: August 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2011
Primary Completion Date: February 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation with yoga
Behavioral: yoga
vinyasa yoga
Behavioral: cognitive therapy
cognitive behavioral therapy once weekly
Behavioral: yoga
vinyasa yoga twice weekly with smoking cessation once weekly
Active Comparator: 2
smoking cessation with twice weekly wellness program
Behavioral: cognitive therapy
cognitive behavioral therapy once weekly
Behavioral: wellness
wellness program with smoking cessation

Detailed Description:

Smoking is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality among women in the US. Quitting smoking may be especially problematic for women. As a form of exercise, yoga shares many of the same properties as traditional (Western) aerobic exercise which our previous research has shown to be an effective addition to smoking cessation. Yoga may also offer other benefits that may make it an especially effective complimentary treatment for women who are attempting to quit smoking.

In this study we will recruit two cohorts of 30 women smokers and provide cognitive-behavioral therapy for smoking cessation once weekly for 12 weeks. In addition, participants will be randomly assigned them to receive either; (1) Yoga or (2) a Wellness program (contact-control), twice weekly during the program. All participants will be assessed for changes in smoking behavior, psychosocial variables relevant to smoking cessation and other psychological constructs that may act as mechanisms of action (mediators) of yoga and smoking cessation. These variables include; weight concerns, perceived stress, mindfulness, self-esteem, quality of life and group cohesion. Interviews will be used to collect qualitative data at the end of each cohort. The proposed study is designed to provide information necessary to establish several research fundamentals necessary to support a full scale efficacy trial. These include: 1) establishing intervention feasibility and acceptability in the target population, 2) piloting recruitment and retention procedures and identifying barriers to participation, 3) obtaining qualitative feedback from participants to enhance treatment content and/or design, 4) establishing anticipated effect size estimates, and 5) identifying likely mechanisms of action that may be responsible for intervention efficacy.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

Female, Age 18-65, Cigarette smoking 10 or more per day for more than 1 year, sedentary (not exercising more than 2 days per week)

Exclusion Criteria:

Major depression, Hypertension, Current yoga practice, Current mind/body therapies

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00492310

United States, Rhode Island
The Miriam Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Miriam Hospital
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Principal Investigator: Beth C Bock, PhD The Miriam Hospital
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Beth Bock, The Miriam Hospital Identifier: NCT00492310     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R21AT003669-01 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: June 25, 2007
Last Updated: July 19, 2010

Keywords provided by The Miriam Hospital:
yoga processed this record on April 26, 2017