Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Phase I Clinical Study of Soy Isoflavones in Healthy, Post-Menopausal Women

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Identifier:
First received: June 22, 2007
Last updated: June 25, 2007
Last verified: June 2007
The purpose of this research study is to examine the safety of specific soy components, known as isoflavones, and to find out what effects (good and bad) these components have on tissues that are sensitive to the hormone estrogen in healthy, post-menopausal women. Isoflavones are compounds that occur naturally in soybeans and can be extracted to put in to capsule form or add to foods. The capsule formulation being used in this study is considered an investigational drug. This research is being done because many scientists believe that isoflavones may play a role in the prevention of some kinds of cancer. While isoflavones have been safely consumed in foods for centuries, we need to know if these soy components are safe to take in higher doses when they are extracted from foods and provided in a supplement form. We plan to test the safety and effects of the soy isoflavones known as genistein, daidzein and glycitein.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug Toxicity
Drug: High Dose Soy isoflavones
Phase 1

University of North Carolina has indicated that access to an investigational treatment associated with this study is available outside the clinical trial.  

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Official Title: Phase I Multiple-Dose Clinical Study of Soy Isoflavones in Healthy, Post-Menopausal Women

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • DNA damage, apoptosis, estrogenic effects and changes in gene expression [ Time Frame: 112 days ]

Enrollment: 36
Study Start Date: March 2004
Study Completion Date: July 2005
Detailed Description:
This will be a double blind, Phase I, multiple dose clinical trial of orally administered soy isoflavones (PTI G-2535, 70% unconjugated isoflavones containing genistein, daidzein, and glycitein). This preparation will be referred to as soy isoflavones in this and all study related documents to more accurately reflect the study drug’s content. The multiple dose trial will last four months (112 days) and will include healthy, post-menopausal women as determined by FSH levels and lack of spontaneous bleeding for at least one year. After eligibility is determined, all potential subjects will ingest a soy shake to determine if they are producers of the daidzein metabolite, equol. We expect to find approximately 30% of our eligible subjects to be equol-producers as published in the literature. Equol producers will be defined as individuals with plasma levels >20ug/L; non-equol producers as those with <10ug/L 37. Individuals with intermediate equol values (> 10 ug/L to < 20 ug/L) will be excluded from the study. Stratified randomization will assign the subjects to one of the two groups, aiming for 30-40% equol producers in each group. Group 1 (20 subjects) will receive a dietary supplement containing 600 mg of genistein in two doses of 300 mg (as part of a soy isoflavones mixture) per day orally administered over an 84-day period. Group 2 (10 subjects) will receive a placebo supplement (excipients from the active formulation), orally administered over an 84-day period. These women will be recruited from the local population within the Research Triangle area. The study will be conducted at the UNC Hospital General Clinical Research Center (GCRC).

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Performance status 0, 1, or 2 on ECOG scale
  • Acceptable hematopoietic, hepatic, and renal function (WBC≥3500 µL, platelet count ≥ 100,000/ml, serum creatinine < 2.0 mg/dl, serum bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dl, transaminases < two times normal limits)
  • Post-menopausal status - FSH level > 27 mIU/ml, no spontaneous bleeding > 1 year
  • Normal mammogram within the last 13 months
  • Normal Papanicolaou Test within the last 13 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Serious intercurrent medical illnesses or history of seizure
  • Significant cardiac disease (New York Heart Association Class III or IV)
  • Abnormalities on the physical examination screen including significant abnormality of the heart, lungs, liver, spleen, or other abdominal organs, or neurologic abnormality Abnormalities on the biochemical screen that could be metabolically significant
  • Individuals with intermediate equol values (> 10 ug/L to < 20 ug/L) on soy challenge
  • Use of antibiotics within the last 3 months
  • Use of hormone/estrogen therapy or SERMs within the last 3 months
  • Abnormal thyroid or endocrine function tests; or current use of thyroid medication
  • BMI at or above 35
  • History of complete hysterectomy or oophorectomy
  • High risk of breast cancer (5-year risk of >1.9%) based on NCI’s Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool
  • A history of a malignancy active or initially diagnosed within 2 years other than curatively treated non-melanoma carcinoma of the skin
  • History of substance abuse or addiction
  • Alcohol intake of greater than 2 drinks/day or 14 drinks/week
  • Tobacco use
  • Diets containing more than estimated intake of 20 mg genistein/day or 40mg isoflavone/day AND unwilling/unable to reduce soy intake to below this level during the study period
  • Use of supplements containing phytoestrogens or that have estrogenic side effects within 1 month of study
  • Pre-menopausal or pregnant
  • Inability to read and comprehend the Informed Consent
  • Life expectancy < 6 months
  • History of breast cancer
  • Known soy intolerance
  • On chemotherapy within the last 2 years
  • Inability to obtain an endometrial biopsy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00491595

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Steven H Zeisel, MD, PhD UNC at Chapel Hill
  More Information Identifier: NCT00491595     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-N01-CN-75035
Study First Received: June 22, 2007
Last Updated: June 25, 2007

Keywords provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:
Soy isoflavones
Estrogenic effects

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Chemically-Induced Disorders processed this record on April 27, 2017