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Dexamethasone for Symptom Burden in Advanced Cancer Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00489307
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 21, 2007
Last Update Posted : November 14, 2017
American Cancer Society, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if dexamethasone can help to control symptoms such as fatigue, pain, nausea, weight loss, loss of appetite, sleep problems, and/or depression in patients with advanced cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Solid Tumors Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Dexamethasone decreases inflammation and also suppresses the immune system.

If you are found to be eligible for this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the toss of a coin) to receive either dexamethasone or a placebo by mouth in the morning and at night with food every day for 14 days. A placebo is a substance that looks like the study drug but which has no active ingredients. You will have an equal chance of being placed in either of the 2 groups. You, the medical staff, and researchers will not know to which group you have been assigned.

Beginning on Day 15 [± 3 days], regardless of if you were assigned to the dexamethasone or placebo group during the first 14 days, you will begin receiving the dexamethasone. On Days 15-21, you will receive dexamethasone 2 times a day. On Days 22-28 you will continue to take dexamethasone 2 times a day, but it will be at a lower dose level.

If you develop intolerable side effects while on this study, the medication will be stopped and you will be removed from the study.

You will be asked to return to the outpatient clinic on Days 8 [± 3 days], 15 [± 3 days] , 22 [± 3 days], and 29 [± 3 days] to answer a questionnaire about your cancer diagnosis, the medication you are taking, and the symptoms you are having (for example, pain, fatigue, nausea, appetite problems, sleep problems, depression, and your overall sense of well-being). The questionnaire will take approximately 30 minutes to complete. Blood (about 1 tablespoon) will be drawn to measure protein levels and to check the iron level in your blood. If you are unable to return to the clinic on days 8, 15, 22, or 29; the assessments will be done by the research nurse by phone; the blood work will not be done.

You will be considered off-study on Day 29 [ ± 3 days]. All study patients will have a 2 week follow-up on day 43 [± 3 days] after study drug has been discontinued, for safety and toxicity assessments. If you are unable to return to the clinic on day 43, the research nurse will do the safety and toxicity assessment by phone.

This is an investigational study. Dexamethasone has been approved by the FDA and is a commercially available drug. It is FDA approved at this dose level. Its use in this study, for this purpose, is investigational. About 160 patients will take part in this study. Up to 110 will be enrolled at the University of Texas (UT) MD Anderson Cancer Center. The other sites participating in this study are Lyndon Baines Johnson [LBJ] breast oncology clinic Houston Texas, and Four Seasons Hospice in Flat Rock, North Carolina.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 160 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of Dexamethasone on Symptoms in Patients With Advanced Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : February 2006
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Dexamethasone

Dexamethasone 4 mg orally two times a day for 14 days.

On day 15 [ ± 3 days], all patients receive dexamethasone 4 mg orally twice a day for 7 days, and then the dose of dexamethasone tapered to 2 mg orally twice a day between days 22 to 28.

Drug: Dexamethasone
4 mg PO (by mouth) twice daily x 14 days
Other Name: Decadron
Placebo Comparator: Placebo

Placebo by mouth (PO) twice daily for 14 days.

On day 15 [ ± 3 days], all patients receive dexamethasone 4 mg orally twice a day for 7 days, and then the dose of dexamethasone tapered to 2 mg orally twice a day between days 22 to 28.

Drug: Dexamethasone
4 mg PO (by mouth) twice daily x 14 days
Other Name: Decadron
Drug: Placebo
Placebo PO twice daily x 14 days

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cancer-Related Fatigue (CRF): Change in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness-Fatigue (FACITF) fatigue subscale from baseline to Day 15 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 15 ]
    Fatigue measured using the FACIT-F weekly on Days 8 and 15, change reported as mean of participants scores from baseline to Day 15 as assessed by the FACIT-F fatigue subscale. The 13-item FACIT-F fatigue subscale allows participants to rate intensity of fatigue and its related symptoms on a scale of 0-4 (0 = not at all, 4 = very much).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Present with 3 or more symptoms during the last 24 hours (Pain, fatigue, chronic nausea, and anorexia/cachexia, sleep problems, depression or poor appetite), with an average intensity of >/= 4 on a 0-10 scale, in which 0= no symptom, and 10= worst possible symptom,
  2. No clinical evidence of cognitive failure as evidenced by Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale (MDAS) score of 13 or less at baseline
  3. Must be 18 years of older
  4. No longer a candidate for aggressive anticancer therapy-such as receptor blockers (Iressa, etc.) Patients on oral or palliative chemotherapy are eligible for study if approved by primary oncologist prior to inclusion. Patients who are receiving IV chemotherapy are eligible for study if approved by primary oncologist and they have completed 1st line of chemotherapy and are deemed stable by primary oncologist. The PI of this study will obtain and document approval from the primary oncologist in the patient's study documents.
  5. Life expectancy =/> 30 days
  6. Must understand and sign written informed consent
  7. Patients on topical, or inhaled corticosteroids are eligible for study. If patients have been on oral corticosteroids for </= 7 days prior to inclusion of study they are eligible for study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Allergy to Dexamethasone
  2. Inability to complete the baseline assessment forms
  3. Patients currently taking Megestrol, and not off drug for > 7 days
  4. Anemia as defined as < 9 hemoglobin
  5. Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  6. Neutropenia as defined by an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of < 1500 cells/mm
  7. Patients with a history of diabetes will be excluded.
  8. All major surgeries such as thoracotomy etc., that requires wound healing within last 2 weeks
  9. Those who are currently receiving oral corticosteroid therapy or who have been on corticosteroid therapy >/= 8 days prior to study inclusion
  10. Sepsis and/or acute, chronic, or ongoing infections

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00489307

United States, Texas
Lyndon Baines Johnson Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
American Cancer Society, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Sriram Yennurajalingam, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00489307     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2005-0816
NCI-2012-01646 ( Registry Identifier: NCI CTRP )
MRSG-07-001-01-CCE ( Other Grant/Funding Number: American Cancer Society )
First Posted: June 21, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 14, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Advanced Cancer
Solid Tumors

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dexamethasone acetate
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action