IPX056 in Subjects With Established Spasticity Resulting From Multiple Sclerosis

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
IMPAX Laboratories, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: June 18, 2007
Last updated: September 8, 2015
Last verified: September 2015
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects, both good and bad, of IPX056 on subjects and their spasticity. This study will also determine the relationship between the amount of IPX056 in blood and the effects on spasticity. Lastly, this study will determine how long IPX056 affects spasticity.

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Sclerosis
Drug: Baclofen
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo- and Active Comparator- Controlled, Parallel Group, Multinational Study to Evaluate the Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of IPX056 in Subjects With Established Spasticity Resulting From Multiple Sclerosis

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by IMPAX Laboratories, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall mean changes from predose (baseline) in total Ashworth scores of the four lower extremity muscle groups (hip adductors, knee flexors, knee extensors, and plantar flexors) of both lower limbs over 12 hours assessed hourly after dosing [ Time Frame: 12 hours ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Duration of effect (improvement in Ashworth Scale) for IPX056 [ Time Frame: 12 hours ]
  • Establishment of relationships between baclofen plasma concentration with improvement in Ashworth Scale [ Time Frame: 12 hours ]

Enrollment: 173
Study Start Date: June 2007
Study Completion Date: May 2008
Primary Completion Date: May 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
IPX056 20mg
Drug: Baclofen
single oral dose of IPX056 20mg capsule
Other Name: IPX056
Experimental: 2
IPX056 40mg
Drug: Baclofen
single oral dose of IPX056 40mg capsule
Other Name: IPX056
Active Comparator: 3
Baclofen 20mg
Drug: Baclofen
single oral dose of Baclofen 20mg capsule
Other Name: Baclofen 20 mg
Placebo Comparator: 4
Drug: Placebo
single oral dose of placebo capsule

Detailed Description:

The primary objective of this study is to demonstrate that IPX056 reduces spasticity, measured by Ashworth score, in subjects with multiple sclerosis (MS). This study will also (1) assess the correlation between pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) endpoints (Ashworth score), and (2) quantify the duration of pharmacodynamic effects for IPX056 as well as marketed baclofen tablet in subjects with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) after a single dose. Additionally, the efficacy parameters, including Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS)-29, spasm frequency and nighttime awakening score, spasticity control, morning stiffness, and Global Assessment of Efficacy and Tolerability, will be assessed during open-label extension period. The safety of IPX056 will be monitored throughout the study.

This study consists of 2 parts: Part I (Screening Visit & Visit 1) of the study is a single-dose, double-blind, randomized, placebo- and active comparator-controlled, parallel group design containing a single 12 hour PK/PD evaluation period. Part II is an optional, approximately 9-week open-label extension study and will start during Visit 1, immediately after Visit 1 PK/PD procedures are completed.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female at least 18 years old. If female and of childbearing potential, continuing to practice and willing to continue throughout the study with appropriate contraceptives (defined as oral, injected, or implanted contraceptives, or barrier contraception). The subject must agree to take every precaution to ensure that pregnancy will not occur during the study. Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test immediately prior to study entry.
  • Able to understand and willing to voluntarily sign an informed consent form (ICF) and an Authorization to Use and Disclose Protected Health Information form (as required by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act {HIPAA} legislation, if appropriate for the region) prior to the performance of any study-specific procedures.
  • Has a negative urine drug screen at screening visit.
  • Has Definite multiple sclerosis by Poser or McDonald Criteria.
  • Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) rating between 3.0-8.0
  • Has a normal ECG and a blood pressure <160/95 mmHg (systolic)/diastolic) at screening, measured in the sitting position after approximately 5 minutes of quiet rest.
  • If the subject has a history of or presence of clinically significant peptic ulcers, liver disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension or heart disease, the subject must be on a stable treatment regimen for a minimum of 3 months prior to Screening Visit
  • Wiling to wash out current medication with anti-spasticity activities, including but not limited to baclofen, benzodiazepines, clonazepam, clonidine, dantrolene, diazepam, gabapentin, and tizanidine.
  • Ashworth score of 2 or more for at least one of the three lower extremity muscle groups (hip adductor, knee flexor, knee extensor) in the most affected limb and a total minimum score of 6 for four muscle groups (the above three plus plantar flexor) on both limbs (maximum total score is 32) during screening visit and at pre-dose during PK/PD Visit 1.
  • Able and willing to comply with the protocol, including availability for all scheduled clinic visits

Exclusion Criteria:

  • If female, the subject is:

    1. pregnant; or planning to become pregnant; or
    2. breastfeeding; or
    3. a woman of child-bearing potential (defined as post menarche and biologically capable of becoming pregnant [i.e., not surgically sterile]) who is engaged in active heterosexual relations and is not using a barrier or hormonal form of birth control (i.e. oral, injected, or implanted contraceptives).
  • History of allergic or severe intolerance to baclofen.
  • Did not respond to previous baclofen treatment in any formulation.
  • Treated with intrathecal baclofen within the previous 6 months prior to the Screening Visit.
  • Has experienced an exacerbation of MS within 6 months prior to the Screening Visit.
  • Symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) within 4 weeks prior to the Screening Visit and more than two (2) UTI incidents within the last 6 months.
  • Serum creatinine level ≥ 2 x ULN (upper limit of normal reference range) at the Screening Visit or requires dialysis.
  • Liver enzyme values ≥ 2 x ULN (upper limit of normal reference range) at the Screening Visit.
  • Uncontrolled peptic ulcers, liver disease, diabetes mellitus, bladder sphincter hypertonia, hypertension or heart disease.
  • History of seizure or epilepsy, or is currently taking an anti-convulsant for treatment or control of seizure.
  • Concomitant neurologic conditions causing spasticity (e.g. stroke, cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury) or rigidity (e.g. Parkinson's disease).
  • Any medical condition, including psychiatric disease, which would interfere with the interpretation of the study results, the conduct of the study, or the safety of the subject.
  • Currently taking antipsychotics, CNS depressants or CNS depression producing medications (including alcohol, sedating antihistamines, barbiturates, narcotics, and phenothiazines), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI, including furazolidone, procarbazine, selegiline, and tranylcypromine), and tricyclics.
  • Unable or unwilling to wash out current anti-spasticity medications, including but not limited to baclofen, benzodiazepines, clonazepam, clonidine, dantrolene, diazepam, gabapentin, and/or tizanidine for Day 1, Visit 1, procedures. However, these medications will be allowed during open label study.
  • Unable or unwilling to participate 12-hour PK/PD procedures during Visit 1.
  • Treated with Botulinum Toxin Type A or B within the previous 6 months, or Phenol or therapeutic alcohol nerve block within 12 months prior to the Screening Visit.
  • History of alcohol abuse or use of recreational drugs within 12 months prior to the Screening Visit.
  • Has received an investigational drug or device within 30 days prior to the Screening Visit.
  • Has clinically significant limitation of passive range of motion around any of the joints being assessed in this study.
  • Has had major surgery within 3 months prior to Screening visit that may affect spasticity assessments such as abdominal surgery, back surgery, lower leg and knee surgeries.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00488839

  Show 31 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
IMPAX Laboratories, Inc.
Study Director: Ann Hsu, PhD IMPAX Laboratories, Inc.
  More Information

Responsible Party: IMPAX Laboratories, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00488839     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IPX056-B06-03  EUDRA CT# 2007-000236-16 
Study First Received: June 18, 2007
Last Updated: September 8, 2015

Keywords provided by IMPAX Laboratories, Inc.:
Multiple Sclerosis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Sclerosis
Muscle Spasticity
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Muscle Hypertonia
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on January 24, 2017