Branched Aortic Arch Study
|Aortic Aneurysm of the Proximal Arch||Device: Endovascular Bifurcated Stent-Graft||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Branched Stent-Graft Repair for Endo Repair of Aneurysms Involving the Proximal Aortic Arch|
- Successful implantation of bifurcated stent-graft for repair of Aneurysm involving the proximal aortic arch [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
- Stability of bifurcated stent-graft for repair of Aneurysm involving the proximal aortic arch [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2006|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Endovascular Bifurcated Stent Graft: The investigational operation involves placing a stent-graft over the aortic aneurysm.
Device: Endovascular Bifurcated Stent-Graft
Treatment of Aneurysm involving the proximal aortic arch with endovascular bifurcated stent-graft.
An aneurysm is a localized bulge in the wall of an artery. Aneurysms of the aorta are prone to progressive dilatation, which if left untreated ultimately results in rupture, internal bleeding and death. Traditional open surgery involves aortic exposure through a long incision, aortic clamping to interrupt blood flow, and replacement or repair of the dilated aortic segment using a fabric conduit (graft), which is sutured (anastomosis) to the nondilated arteries above and below the aneurysm. Some subjects are able to withstand such a large operation better than others, but many suffer complications, and all suffer pain, debility, and a lengthy stay in hospital.
Endovascular aneurysm repair is a less invasive alternative that substitutes a trans-arterial route to the aneurysm for direct exposure, and stent-mediated attachment for sutured anastomosis. Compared to open surgical repair, endovascular repair is associated with less physiological derangement, less pain, less blood loss, lower complication rates and shorter hospital stay. Consequently, endovascular repair has become standard therapy for aneurysms of the abdominal aorta and descending thoracic aorta, where there are no vital branches and endovascular exclusion rarely causes ischemic complications.
Open surgical repair of the proximal aortic arch requires hypothermic circulatory arrest, because it deprives the heart of its outflow and the brain of its inflow. Endovascular repair also obstructs outflow from the heart, but only for a few seconds, while the graft is released from its delivery sheath. The greater problem is inflow to the brain. In anticipation of aortic arch exclusion, the brachiocephalic circulation requires an alternative source of blood. One alternative is bypass from the ascending aorta. However, this requires median sternotomy and partial aortic clamping, both of with are potential sources of morbidity.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00488696
|Contact: Linda M Reilly, MDemail@example.com|
|Contact: Timothy AM Chuter, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, California|
|UCSF Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery||Recruiting|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94143|
|Contact: Linda M Reilly, MD 415-353-4366 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Linda M Reilly, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Timothy AM Chuter, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Scot Merrick, MD|