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Effects of Sun Filters on Age-related Macular Degeneration in People With Lens Implants

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00487838
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : June 19, 2007
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will test a new method for preventing worsening of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and for developing imaging methods to follow the very earliest microscopic changes in the disease. The macula is the part of the retina in the back of the eye that determines central vision. AMD can impair central vision, affecting a person's ability to read, drive, and carry out daily activities. Some studies suggest that cumulative exposure to sunlight increases the risk for progression of AMD to the late stage that is often characterized by poor central vision. This study will determine if wearing glasses with a yellow filter over one eye and a red-violet filter over the other eye when outdoors will decrease the rate of change of early-stage AMD in one or both eyes.

Patients early-stage AMD who have had cataract surgery in both eyes with implanted lenses may be eligible for this study.

Participants undergo the following procedures:

  • Wear the filter glasses when outdoors between 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.
  • Record the time of day and light environment when they use the glasses.
  • Have an eye examination, pictures of the retina, and a medical history taken at the beginning of the study and at set intervals during the study.

The study lasts at least 12 months and may be extended for a longer period of time....

Condition or disease
Age-Related Macular Changes Age-Related Macular Degeneration Cataract and IOL Surgery Retinal Photochemistry

Detailed Description:
Accumulation of the photoproduct N-retinylidene-n-retinylethaholamine (A2E) within the retina may be associated with the early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Our biophysical model of retinal photochemistries predicts that as the lens yellows with age a spectral imbalance of the light reaching the retina causes steady-state A2E levels to rise in the RPE, which induces increasing RPE stress leading to AMD progression. If correct, this rise in A2E levels and the initial injury could be prevented by appropriately chosen spectral filtering (e.g., colored sunglasses). Autofluorescence imaging of the retina currently allows noninvasive mapping of total accumulated lipofuscin fluorophores within the macular retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) but not A2E or its precursor alone. By adding new sets of excitation and emission filters to existing fundus cameras and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopes, we propose to map individually both A2E and its precursor A2PEH2 or their fractional contributions to the total retinal fluorescence. By following A2E fluorescence in both eyes in subjects following bilateral cataract surgery and intra-ocular lens [IOL] implantation with early symmetric age-related maculopathy who wear our bicolored sunglasses whenever outdoors in the daylight, we propose to test this hypothesis while efficiently controlling for hidden genetic, physiological, and environmental confounding variables between subjects. This pilot protocol seeks to optimize recruitment of suitable subjects and the reproducibility of our spectral imaging and noninvasive analysis of A2E and A2PEH2 levels in the normal and microscopically abnormal regions of the macula. The data from this pilot study will be used to design a clinical study to test our hypothesis.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Noninvasive Optical Imaging of the Effects of External Spectral Filters on Macular Autofluorescence in Pseudophakic Eyes
Study Start Date : June 14, 2007
Study Completion Date : May 4, 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

All eligible patients are invited to participate in this study.

Patients will be local area residents who average greater than or equal to 2 hours outdoors daily, who are willing to follow the protocol of wearing our bicolor sunglasses whenever outdoors in daylight and to keep a log book of use and to return periodically to NIH for our noninvasive imaging studies.


Individuals with signs of more advanced age-related maculopathy in either eye such as identifiable regions of geographic atrophy or choroidal neovascularization.

Individuals with prior eye disorders (other than uncomplicated cataract surgery and early age-related maculopathy).

Individuals with diabetes mellitus, current chemotherapy, or other medicines or conditions that may affect our ability to perform accurate autofluorescence imaging or interfere with follow-up visits.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00487838

Sponsors and Collaborators
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
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Principal Investigator: Jack A Yanovski, M.D. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00487838    
Other Study ID Numbers: 070169
First Posted: June 19, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Verified: May 4, 2012
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Autofluorescence Imaging
Early Age-Related Maculopathy
Photochemical Changes
Colored Sunglasses
Fundus Camera
Confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope
Molecular Imaging within Retina
Spectral Balance among Photochemical Processes
Noninvasive Autofluorescence Imaging
Age-Related Maculopathy (AMD)
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Age-Related Macular Changes
Early Age-Related Macular Changes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Macular Degeneration
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Lens Diseases