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Differential Adrenoreceptor Mediated Tachyphylaxis and Upregulation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00487032
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 15, 2007
Last Update Posted : April 12, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Brian J Lipworth, University of Dundee

Brief Summary:
The investigators wish to evaluate the onset of tolerance to nasal decongestants like oxymetazoline (available over the counter) and the mechanism of tolerance particularly with differential effects on alpha 1 and alpha 2 adrenoreceptors on the nose. The investigators will 'tease' out by using an alpha 1 blocker called Prazosin. The investigators hypothesize that alpha 1 receptors mediate arterial constriction and this will be captured by measuring nasal blood flow. The investigators also hypothesize that alpha 2 receptors mediate venous sinusoid constriction and this the investigators will capture by airflow parameters like Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow, Rhinomanometry, Oscillometric indices etc.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Allergic Rhinitis Tachyphylaxis Rhinitis Medicamentosa Drug: Oxymetazoline 0.05% w/v Drug: Fluticasone propionate 50 micrograms per actuation Drug: Prazosin hydrochloride Drug: Placebo to Prazosin Phase 4

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 19 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Proof of Concept Study to Evaluate Differential Tachyphylaxis of Alpha 1 and Alpha 2 Adrenoreceptor Mediated Decongestant Response to Oxymetazoline and Its Acute Reversal by Corticosteroid in Healthy Volunteers
Study Start Date : May 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Prazosin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Prazosin 1mg challenge to block alpha 1 adrenoreceptors
Drug: Oxymetazoline 0.05% w/v
2 squirts in each nostril thrice daily

Drug: Fluticasone propionate 50 micrograms per actuation
2 Squirts in each nostril twice daily

Drug: Prazosin hydrochloride
Prazosin 1mg one dose only

Placebo Comparator: 2
Placebo to Prazosin
Drug: Placebo to Prazosin
Placebo 1 tablet one dose only

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary endpoint will be the difference in peak PNIF response to incremental doses of Oxymetazoline [i.e. as a dose response] [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Active Anterior Rhinomanometry [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]
  2. Nasal oscillometric indices [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]
  3. Laser Doppler Flowmetry to measure nasal blood flow [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]
  4. Systolic, Diastolic blood pressure(measure of alpha blockade) [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male of Female aged 18-65 years.
  • Healthy volunteers with a negative history of seasonal or perennial nasal symptoms other than occasional common colds. Atopy will not preclude inclusion into the study as long as patients have no nasal symptoms.
  • Current non-smokers (ex-smokers for greater than 6 months duration with a total smoking history of less than 5 pack-years will be eligible).
  • PNIF > 100L/min (best effort of 3) and reversibility with OXY 2 squirts in each nostril (20 min reading) > 20 L/min.
  • Ability to give a written informed consent.
  • Ability and willingness to comply with the requirements of the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Recent respiratory tract/sinus infection within the last 2 months.
  • Pregnancy, planned pregnancy or lactation.
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to any of the IMP's.
  • Concomitant use of medicines (prescribed, OTC or herbal) like alpha blockers that may interfere with the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00487032

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United Kingdom
Perth Royal Infirmary (Tayside NHS Trust)
Perth, Perthshire, United Kingdom, PH1 1NX
Ninewells Hospital and Medical School (Tayside NHS Trust, University of Dundee)
Dundee, Tayside, United Kingdom, DD1 9SY
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brian J Lipworth
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Principal Investigator: Sriram Vaidyanathan, MRCS, DOHNS University of Dundee
Study Director: Brian Lipworth, MD, FRCP University of Dundee
Publications of Results:
Other Publications:

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Brian J Lipworth, Professor (Clinical) Airway allergy and COPD, University of Dundee Identifier: NCT00487032    
Other Study ID Numbers: VAI03
First Posted: June 15, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 12, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Keywords provided by Brian J Lipworth, University of Dundee:
allergic rhinitis
rhinitis medicamentosa
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Rhinitis, Allergic
Nose Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Anti-Allergic Agents
Antihypertensive Agents
Adrenergic alpha-1 Receptor Antagonists
Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists
Adrenergic Antagonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action